ABSTRACT: The Bologna Declaration was signed in Bologna, Italy, on 19 June 1999 by ministers of education from 29 European countries. The aim of the Bologna Process is to make academic degree and quality assurance standards more compatible in Europe while boosting performance, the desired result of the Process being a European higher education area with greater mobility and better achievement, also on an international scale.
Thirteen years after the declaration it is worthwhile to discuss the implications by the Bologna Process on the higher education in Germany. The changes were closer to the UK and Ireland's models than those used in most of continental Europe. Therefore, in many European countries the Process was not implemented without criticism. There is much skepticism and criticism of the Bologna Process from the side of academics.
The previous higher education system in Germany was modeled such, that there is a clear difference of vocational and academic higher education. This mostly has an impact on the old engineer's degrees.
The development of the Bologna Process in Germany will be reviewed and some controversial arguments from the discussions of the Process will be presented.
SPEAKER BIO: Edwin J. Kreuzer is Professor of Mechanics at Hamburg University of Technology in Hamburg, Germany, where he serves as the Head of Research Section Mechanics and Ocean Engineering. He also served as the President of the Hamburg Univ. of Technology from 2005-2011. He received a M.S. in Studies in Mechanical Engineering from the Technical University of Munich, a Ph.D from the University of Stuttgart, and a “Habilitation” in mechanics from the University of Stuttgart. He has held teaching positions at the Univ. of Stuttgart, Federal University of Rio de Janiero, Hamburg Univ. of Technology, and the Univ. of California, Berkeley. Over the years he has served as a Co-Editor of the book series Advances in Mechanics and a Co-Editor-in-Chief of Zeitschrift für Angewandte Mathematik und Mechanik (ZAMM) - Journal of Applied Mathematics and Mechanics. He has been a member of the Deutsches Komitee für Mechanik Board, the Congress Committee of the International Union of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, the Hamburg Academy of Sciences (where he is a Founding Member), the European Academy of Science and Arts, and the German Academy of Science and Engineering.
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