Across the post-industrial West, the spatial concentration of migrant-origin residents has been occurring in particular urban and suburban neighborhoods, where multicultural societies are either being built or rendered unworkable. Widely seen as byproducts of pro-globalization strategies, both worker displacement and polarization along racial and ethnic lines are expected to worsen during rapid economic transformations, such as those witnessed in the tumultuous period since the financial crash of 2007–08. However, many global centers—especially those just below the very top tier—aspire to bolster their status and success by being “creative cities” that celebrate openness, diversity, and multicultural harmony. Different approaches to reconciling those two apparently contradictory processes are revealed through a comparison of two similar, secondary global cities, Barcelona and Hamburg. The focus is on trends in the spatial concentration and structural integration of migrant-origin residents (Poles, Romanians, Serbs, Pakistanis, and Ghanaians) and the policies affecting them and undocumented migrants and refugees over the past decade and a half. Local policy responses, it becomes clear, have proven critical in determining the effects of deep economic change on the shared lived experience across the case cities.
Patrick R. Ireland, MA and PhD in political science (Harvard) and MPH (Texas), has been a Professor of Political Science at the Illinois Institute of Technology in Chicago since 2007. He has written extensively on urban-level migrant integration in Europe and North America; migration within Africa; female migrant domestic workers; and migrant health. His publications include several single-authored books—The Policy Challenge of Ethnic Diversity (Harvard, 1994) and Becoming Europe: Immigration, Integration, and the Welfare State (Pittsburgh, 2004)—and many peer-reviewed journal articles and book chapters. His work has been based on extensive field work undertaken in Australia, Canada, Europe, South and Southeast Asia, and North and sub-Saharan Africa and has been supported by the American Institute for Sri Lankan Studies, American Political Science Association, Chateaubriand Fellowship Program, Council of American Overseas Research Centers, European Commission, Fulbright Scholar Program, German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD), German Marshall Fund of the United States, Krupp Foundation, Québec-United States University Grant Program, Rockefeller Foundation, and Social Science Research Council.
Most recent relevant publications:
--“Tales of the Cities: Local-Level Approaches to Migrant Integration in Europe, the U.S., and Canada,” Chap. 20 in Gary P. Freeman and Nikola Mirilovic, eds., Handbook on Migration and Social Policy (Cheltenham: Edward Elgar, 2016).
--“Welfare States and Migrant Incorporation Trajectories,” in Marco Martiniello and Jan Rath, eds., An Introduction to Immigrant Incorporation Strategies (Amsterdam: University of Amsterdam Press/IMISCOE, 2014), pp. 345–370.
Co-sponsored by the Department of Political Science