The Qeshm Island in the Strait of Hormuz is the largest island in the Persian Gulf (2.5 times that of Bahrain- and Singapore), covering an area of about 1,500 square kilometers. It has a long history; references to Qeshm Island can be traced back to the Elamite and Achaemenid Empires of Iran over 3000 years BC. Based on geologic investigations, Qeshm Island is a part of the southeastern Zagros Mountains of southwest Iran with a stratigraphic succession consisting of Pre-Cambrian, Paleozoic, Miocene, Pliocene, and Quaternary deposits. Extensive field investigation of the Quaternary coastal sediments has resulted in recognition of tidal flat subenvironments containing a wide variety of physical and biogenic sedimentary structures. Mud flat to mixed flat dominate the northern coastal areas but mixed flat to sand flat are extensive in the southern part. Microbial mats in tidal flats and coral reefs in subtidal setting are present in the southern part of the island.
Qeshm is one of numerous places in Iran alive with many geologic, ecologic, cultural, and historic attractions unique for geotourism and ecotourism. Stars Valley, Namakdan Salt Plug and salt caves, Bame Qeshm, Khoorbas cave, Tala water wells, historic castles, coral reefs, Hara (mangrove) forests, and charming small towns and villages are among many wonderful attractions of Qeshm Island.
PRAIRIE RESEARCH INSTITUTE
615 E. Peabody Drive, MC-650
Champaign, IL 61820
Email the Web Administrator with questions or comments.
© 2016 University of Illinois Board of Trustees. All rights reserved.
For permissions information, contact the Prairie Research Institute.