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I2PC Seminar Series - Illusionist: Transforming Lightweight Cores into Aggressive Cores on Demand

Speaker Amin Ansari (University of Illinois)
Date Mar 28, 2013
Time 4:00 pm - 5:00 pm   Central Time
Location Siebel Center 2405
Cost Free
Sponsor Illinois-Intel Parallelism Center
Contact Meg Osfar
Views 2285
Originating Calendar I2PC Events
Illinois-Intel Parallelism Center (I2PC) Distinguished Speaker Series http://i2pc.cs.illinois.edu/ Thursday, March 28th, 4-5pm Central Time, Siebel Center 2405 ======================================================= Transforming Lightweight Cores into Aggressive Cores on Demand Amin Ansari University of Illinois ABSTRACT: Power dissipation limits combined with increased silicon integration have led microprocessor vendors to design chip multiprocessors (CMPs) with relatively simple (lightweight) cores. While these designs provide high throughput, single-thread performance has stagnated or even worsened. Asymmetric CMPs offer some relief by providing a small number of high-performance (aggressive) cores that can accelerate specific threads. However, threads are only accelerated when they can be mapped to an aggressive core, which are restricted in number due to power and thermal budgets of the chip. Rather than using the aggressive cores to accelerate threads, this paper argues that the aggressive cores can have a multiplicative impact on single-thread performance by accelerating a large number of lightweight cores and providing an illusion of a chip full of aggressive cores. Specifically, we propose an adaptive asymmetric CMP, Illusionist, that can dynamically boost the system throughput and get a higher single-thread performance across the chip. To accelerate the performance of many lightweight cores, those few aggressive cores run all the threads that are running on the lightweight cores and generate execution hints. These hints are then used to accelerate the execution of the lightweight cores. However, the hardware resources of the aggressive core are not large enough to allow the simultaneous execution of a large number of threads. To overcome this hurdle, Illusionist performs aggressive dynamic program distillation to execute small, critical segments of each lightweight-core thread. A combination of dynamic code removal and phase-based pruning distill programs to a tiny fraction of their original contents. Experiments demonstrate that Illusionist achieves 35% higher single thread performance for all the threads running on the system, compared to a CMP with all lightweight cores, while achieving almost 2X higher system throughput compared to a CMP with all aggressive cores. BIO: Amin Ansari is currently a National Science Foundation Computing Innovation Fellow and Postdoctoral Research Associate in the Computer Science Department of the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, working with Prof. Josep Torrellas. His research interests lie in the area of computer architecture with more focus on reliability and low-power design. He is working on microarchitectural solutions for on-chip caches, processor pipeline, and network-on-chip to tackle deep sub-micron technology challenges such as power density, process variation, manufacturing defects, and wearout. He received the Ph.D. degree in Computer Science and Engineering from the University of Michigan under Prof. Scott Mahlke in 2011. He received the B.S. degree in computer engineering from Sharif University of Technology in 2007. In addition, Amin has published more than 20 papers in top-tier journals and international conferences such as IEEE Transactions on Computers, ISCA, HPCA, MICRO, and DSN. His academic achievements were recognized by 2010 College of Engineering Distinguished Achievement Award during his graduate studies at the University of Michigan. He received the best paper award at the 27th IEEE International Conference on Computer Design in 2009. ======================================================= The talk will be streamed live at this link: * http://media.cs.illinois.edu/live/I2PClive.asx Questions to the speaker for live response can be directed to our chat moderator: * http://i2pc.cs.illinois.edu/chat A complete list of seminars (with archived copies of past talks) is available here: * http://i2pc.cs.illinois.edu/seminars.html
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