Having started as a demonstration for closer European integration, the 2014 Ukrainian revolution (Euromaidan) rapidly transformed into a nation-wide movement against widespread human rights violations and corruption. One of the main demands of Euromaidan activists to the new government was to launch a comprehensive personnel reform that would cleanse the state apparatus from public officials of the Communist era and those of the Yanukovych regime.
The presentation will discuss the existing transitional justice literature on lustration (screening and mass disqualification of public officials associated with the abuses under the prior regime) from a comparative perspective and analyze the applicability of experiences in Central Eastern Europe and countries of the Arab Spring (MENA region) to post-Euromaidan Ukraine. In particular, the following questions will be addressed:
- How can lustration models be categorized and what is the expected effect of each model?
- What can explain late lustration programs?
- What is the expected impact of lustration in heterogeneous, divided and/or post-conflict societies?
- Can lustration as a mechanism of transitional justice be effectively implemented during ongoing conflict? Are there conditions in which it can make a positive contribution to the cessation of violence? Or are there other transitional justice tools that are more suitable for application to ongoing conflicts?
- Should lustration embrace the fight against corruption? What are the consequences of combining lustration with anti-corruption measures?
Dr. Yuliya Zabyelina is Assistant Professor at John Jay College of Criminal Justice, City University of New York (CUNY). Before moving to the United States, she held a postdoctoral position at the University of Edinburgh School of Law and lectured at Masaryk University in the Czech Republic. Dr. Zabyelina’s research focuses on issues of global governance and failed states, foreign policy and international cooperation, transnational organized crime and corruption. Not only has she published broadly in edited books, peer-reviewed journals and specialized policy magazines, but has also been recognized with numerous awards, including the Academy of Criminal Justice SAGE Junior Faculty Teaching Award (2015), The Aleksanteri Institute Visiting Scholars Fellowship (2015) and the Donald EJ MacNamara Junior Faculty Award (2016).