From 1939 to 1945, the villagers of the Plateau Vivarais-Lignon, France, hid, protected, and ultimately rescued thousands of Jews from the Nazis at great peril to their own lives. Their actions''collective and long-term in nature''were almost unparalleled in the entire history of the Holocaust. But long before the Holocaust and until the present day, villagers in this region have shown a habit of taking in persecuted outsiders''religious, national, ethnic, and territorial''and sheltering them, feeding them, and shuttling them out of harm''s way. The case of resistance and rescue in the Plateau Vivarais-Lignon provides us not only with a moral story about goodness; it offers social science an exceptional example of violence-avoiding practices that recur regularly and endure under extreme conditions. How does the community of the plateau Vivarais-Lignon handle the shelter of outsiders both in the past and in the present? What are some of the social processes that lie at the heart of the way outsiders are sheltered there, particularly during extraordinary times?