Abstract: The presentation will deal with the presidential diplomacy developed during Lula's Administration, in the context of the international agenda and the main features of previous diplomacy, handled by the professional staff at Itamaraty during the previous two mandates of FHC. It is important to take into account the world vision of PT leaders, as it has a direct impact over the diplomatic agenda implemented during Lula's two mandates. No one of the main diplomatic objectives of president Lula -- a permanent chair at the UN Security Council, the consolidation and expansion of Mercosur as the hub of an economic integrated space in South America, and the successful conclusion of multilateral trade negotiations -- was achieved, and the reasons were lack of appropriate strategies and too much ideology. The most negative consequences of Lula's two terms were the commoditization of external trade and an erosion of competitiveness in the industrial sector, both due to domestic factors, not external forces.
Bio: Currently serving as Deputy General Consul of Brazil in Hartford CT, Paulo Roberto de Almeida holds a Ph.D. in Social Sciences from University of Brussels, and a Masters in Economic Planning from University of Antwerp. As an academic he taught Law Studies at Uniceub, and was an Invited Professor at IHEAL - Latin America High Studies Institute - University of Paris-3 in Sorbonne in 2012. He served as an Economic Counselor at the Embassy of Brazil in Paris from 1993 to 1995, was Head of Financial Policy Division at Itamaraty from 1996 to 1999, served as Minister-Counselor at the Embassy of Brazil in Washington from 1999 to 2003, worked at the Strategic Affairs Unity of the Presidency from 2003 to 2007 and served as Deputy Commissioner of Brazil at Shanghai Expo 2010.