Should Alice be allowed to enter the country? Is Bob entitled to access this database? Are we providing our service exclusively to the enrolled users? Is Charlie the real owner of this credit card? Every day, a variety of organizations pose questions such as these about the identity of individuals. Identity theft and security breaches have become far too easy and prevalent; in the United States alone, individuals and businesses have suffered losses to the tune of $56 billion in 2005 due to identity theft. An emerging component identification technology that is being increasingly adopted is biometric recognition: automatic personal recognition based on anatomical or behavioral characteristics such as face fingerprint, voice, and signature. Biometrics allows us to confirm or establish an individualÃ¢ÂÂs identity based on who he is, rather than by what he possesses (e.g., an ID card) or what he remembers (e.g., a password). Biometric systems also introduce an aspect of user convenience; they alleviate the need for a user to remember multiple passwords associated with different applications or to carry multiple ID cards. It is now generally accepted that biometrics can provide higher security and minimize financial fraud compared to traditional authenticators. However, a practical biometric system must meet stringent accuracy and speed requirements, satisfy resource constraints, be noninvasive and acceptable to the target population, and demonstrate robustness to potential attacks. This talk will present an overview of biometric recognition, its advantages and limitations, emerging applications and ongoing research on sensor design, individuality, fusion, and biometric system security.
Reception to follow in 301 Coordinated Science Laboratory.
Anil K. Jain is a University Distinguished Professor in the Department of Computer Science at Michigan State University. His research interests include pattern recognition, computer vision, and biometric authentication. He has received Guggenheim, Humboldt, Fulbright, and IEEE Computer Society Technical Achievement awards. He is a fellow of the ACM and IEEE and served as the Editor-in-Chief of the IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence. He holds six patents in fingerprint matching and is the co-author of the following books: Handbook of Biometrics (2007), Handbook of Multibiometrics (2006), Handbook of Face Recognition (2005), Handbook of Fingerprint Recognition (2003), and Algorithms for Clustering Data (1988). He is a member of the Biometrics Defense Support Team and serves on the National Academies committees on Whither Biometrics and Improvised Explosive Devices. For further information, visit http://biometrics.cse.msu.edu.