Science is growing and developing all around the world. Many countries recognize the many advantages that come from science and engineering: a growing economy, knowledge-based businesses, (which creates an economy not dependent upon natural resources), and better ability to address the challenges of clean water, food for all, alternative energy, climate change, and health and wellbeing. But what does the international growth of science and engineering mean to the United States? How can we collaborate with the innovative and brilliant scientists across the world? With science and engineering growing across the globe, there are possibilities of dual use science being used for malicious purposes, or for using science and engineering to build the economy without maintaining the environment.