BOMBAY is a critically acclaimed 1995 Tamil film directed by Mani Ratnam, starring Arvind Swamy and Manisha Koirala, with music composed by A. R. Rahman. The film is located in the period of December 1992 to January 1993 in India, with special reference to the Babri Masjid controversy in Ayodhya. The demolition of the Masjid on 6 December 1992 increased religious tensions in Bombay (now Mumbai) that led to the Bombay Riots. It is the second in Ratnam’s trilogy of films that depict human relationships against a background of Indian politics, the others being Roja and Dil Se. The film’s soundtrack sold 15 million units, becoming one of the best-selling film soundtracks of all time, and earning composer A. R. Rahman his fourth consecutive Filmfare Best Music Director Award (Tamil). The film was ranked among the top 20 Indian films in the British Film Institute’s rankings.The film was also dubbed in Hindi and Telugu. However, the film caused considerable controversy upon release in India and abroad for its depiction of inter-religious relations and religious riots.
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