A new form of microbattery developed at Illinois drastically reduces limitations previously inherent in microelectronics -- the tradeoff of high power for low energy or vice versa. The revolutionary 3-D design of the Illinois team's battery allows for high performance in both power and energy. Results of the research were published in Nature Communications April 16. The Illinois team is led by Prof. William King includes student James Pikul, both in Mechanical Science and Engineering.
The R. W. Wood Prize is given for an outstanding discovery, scientific or technological achievement or invention. Milton Feng received this recognition for contributions to the invention and realization of the transistor laser, delivering simultaneously both an electrical signal and a coherent laser output and providing the basis for a revolutionary new higher speed electronic-photonic integrated circuit. Established by OSA in 1975 to honor the many contributions that R.W. Wood made to optics, this award recognizes an outstanding discovery, scientific or technical achievement, or invention in the field of optics. The accomplishment for which the prize is given is measured chiefly by its impact on the field of optics generally, and therefore the contribution is one that opens a new era of research or significantly expands an established one. It is endowed by the Xerox Corporation.
Collaborators from the Mayo Illinois Alliance for Technology Based Healthcare have developed a new, single molecule assay for detecting methylated DNA -- a naturally occurring process that controls gene expression. The assay involves using a synthetic solid-state nano pore, and researchers say it has great potential in speeding disease-specific analyses of genetic samples. The findings appear in the current issue of Scientific Reports (Nature Publishing Group).
A team of scientists from the University of Illinois and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory have advanced the sensitivity of nanoscale sensors that can be used used to analyze chemicals, DNA and proteins. And an ancient artifact is their inspiration. The chemical makeup of the Lycurgus Cup -- a 4th century artifact on exhibit at the Art Institute of Chicago through mid-August -- allows it to appear to be a different color when light is shone through it. Similar properties are reflected in the team's sensor research. The results and future related advances have implications for making diagnostics quicker and simpler by putting them in handheld electronics such as smartphones.
This groundbreaking advancement is the cover story of the January 2013 issue of Advanced Optical Materials and is featured in WIRED magazine.