When World War I began in 1914 the United States proclaimed that it would follow a policy of strict neutrality âin thought and deed,â and President Wilson firmly believed that peace was the only course of action needed to resolve the European conflict. Â Many Americans felt the same way, but as the warâs atrocities, both fictional and real, were publicized, some politicians and military leaders began to voice their support for military intervention. Â After the United States declared war against Germany on April 6, 1917 the country witnessed a dramatic mobilization of industry and financial resources to produce trained soldiers, food, munitions, and equipment which were in short supply at the start of Americaâs involvement. Â The federal government set up hundreds of temporary agencies with over a million new employees to help redirect the nationâs economy. Â Americaâs sheet music industry joined forces with the U.S. Committee on Public Information to help sell the ideals of patriotism, sacrifice, and volunteerism to the American public as the only way to win this war. Â This special exhibition from the Smithsonian Institutionâs National Museum of American History depicts the diverse portrayals of soldiersâ lives, recruitment of African-American soldiers, womenâs support for the war effort, and the countryâs financial and personal sacrifice through the melodies, lyrics and graphic illustrations of sheet music that were produced between 1917 and 1919.Visit http://archives.library.illinois.edu/sousaÂ for more information.
Tom Costello's been teaching public speaking at Illinois for 30 years. He will join us to give our companies practical tips for improving their pitches. Those companies who want to be a part of this workshop will be expected to pitch at the February pitch night, and there will be a follow-up workshop on March 2.
Many people identify the concept of "crimes against humanity" with the Nuremberg Trial and view it as a reaction to the Holocaust. In fact, the first penal use of the concept had come three decades before, in the Allies' May 24, 1915 Note to the Ottoman government regarding the Armenian genocide. Professor Holquist's presentation will examine three stages of the emergence of this concept: first, the nineteenth-century precedents of the concept of "crimes against humanity"; second, the negotiations and drafting of the 1915 note and debates around the use of the term "crimes against humanity"; and, finally, the fate of the concept in the interwar years, leading up to the Nuremberg Trials in 1945-1946. In particular, the presentation will trace the remarkable and overlooked prominence of imperial Russia in the development and usage of this concept. Armenian Genocide, Allied Correspondence