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Chemistry professor Jeffrey Moore, graduate student Joshua Grolman and materials science and engineering professor Kristopher Kilian led a research team to create a new synthetic tissue environment for more realistic cell biology research.

New synthetic tumor environments make cancer research more realistic

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:August 27, 2015

Tumors are notoriously difficult to study in their natural habitat – body tissues – but a new synthetic tissue environment may give cancer researchers the next-best look at tumor growth and behavior.

Published Date: August 27, 2015


Carl R. Woese Institute for Genomic Biology faculty members Saurabh Sinha, a professor of computer science, left; and Gene Robinson, a professor of entomology and IGB director; and their colleagues warn that genomics data will likely surpass other Big Data in scale.

Genomics among the biggest of Big Data, experts say

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:July 7, 2015

Each cell in the body contains a whole genome, yet the data packed into a few DNA molecules could fill a hard drive. As more people have their DNA sequenced, that data will require massive computational and storage capabilities beyond anything previously anticipated, says a new assessment from computational biologists and computer scientists at the University of Illinois and Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory.

Published Date: July 7, 2015


Groundwater from three main aquifers in the United States contributes to food shipped across the country and around the globe, says a new study from civil and environmental engineers at Illinois and Lehigh University.

Study: Groundwater from aquifers important factor in food security

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:June 29, 2015

Thirsty cities, fields and livestock drink deeply from aquifers, natural sources of groundwater. But a study of three of the most-tapped aquifers in the United States shows that overdrawing from these resources could lead to difficult choices affecting not only domestic food security but also international markets.

Published Date: June 29, 2015


Dr. Stephen Boppart led a team that developed a new medical imaging device that can see individual cells in the back of the eye to better diagnose and track disease.

New technology looks into the eye and brings cells into focus

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:June 22, 2015

Eye doctors soon could use computing power to help them see individual cells in the back of a patient’s eye, thanks to imaging technology developed by engineers at the University of Illinois. Such detailed pictures of the cells, blood vessels and nerves at the back of the eye could enable earlier diagnosis and better treatment for degenerative eye and neurological diseases.

Published Date: June 22, 2015


Scientists discovered that gut microbes, gene expression and enzyme activity all differ between rotation-resistant rootworms and their rotation-susceptible counterparts.

Study: Crop-rotation resistant rootworms have a lot going on in their guts

Author: Diana Yates, Life Sciences Editor

Published Date:June 9, 2015

After decades of effort, scientists are finally figuring out how insects develop resistance to environmentally friendly farming practices – such as crop rotation – that are designed to kill them. The researchers say their insights will help develop more sustainable agricultural practices.

Published Date: June 9, 2015


Pictured, from left: Professor Huimin Zhao, professor Charles Schroeder, graduate students Luke Cuculis and Zhanar Abil.

Genome-editing proteins seek and find with a slide and a hop

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:June 1, 2015

Searching a whole genome for one particular sequence is like trying to fish a specific piece from the box of a billion-piece puzzle. Using advanced imaging techniques, University of Illinois researchers have observed how one set of genome-editing proteins finds its specific targets, which could help them design better gene therapies to treat disease.

Published Date: June 1, 2015


Illinois chemistry professor Martin Burke led a research team that found derivatives of a widely used but highly toxic antifungal drug. The new compounds are less toxic yet evade resistance.

New anti-microbial compounds evade resistance with less toxicity

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:June 1, 2015

New compounds that specifically attack fungal infections without attacking human cells could transform treatment for such infections and point the way to targeted medicines that evade antibiotic resistance.

Published Date: June 1, 2015


A 1922 clash between Albert Einstein and Henri Bergson, both celebrated thinkers of the early 20th century, caused a split between science and the humanities that has never healed, says science historian Jimena Canales, in a new book.

Science historian tells a timely story about Einstein and his most dangerous critic

Author: Craig Chamberlain, Social Sciences Editor

Published Date:May 26, 2015

Two of the 20th century’s greatest minds, one of them physicist Albert Einstein, came to intellectual blows one day in Paris in 1922. Their dispute, before a learned audience, was about the nature of time – mostly in connection with Einstein’s most famous work, the theory of relativity, which marks its centennial this year.

Published Date: May 26, 2015


A device is remotely triggered to self-destruct. A radio-frequency signal turns on a heating element at the center of the device. The circuits dissolve completely.

Mission possible: This device will self-destruct when heated

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:May 21, 2015

University of Illinois researchers have developed heat-triggered self-destructing electronic devices, a step toward greatly reducing electronic waste and boosting sustainability in device manufacturing. They also developed a radio-controlled trigger that could remotely activate self-destruction on demand.

Published Date: May 21, 2015


Illinois chemists developed a method to make tiny silicone microspheres using misting technology found in household humidifiers. The spheres could have applications in targeted medicine and imaging.

Tiny silicone spheres come out of the mist

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:May 6, 2015

Technology in common household humidifiers could enable the next wave of high-tech medical imaging and targeted medicine, thanks to a new method for making tiny silicone microspheres developed by chemists at the University of Illinois.

Published Date: May 6, 2015


Electrical and computer engineering professor Joseph Lyding and graduate student Jae Won Do led a research team to develop a new method of soldering gaps between carbon nanotubes, a new type of transistor.

Electronic device performance enhanced with new transistor encasing method

Author: Austin Keating, News Bureau Intern

Published Date:April 20, 2015

A more effective method for closing gaps in atomically small wires has been developed by University of Illinois researchers, further opening the doors to a new transistor technology.

Published Date: April 20, 2015


Ken Suslick led a team of Illinois chemists who developed an ultrasonic hammer to help explore how impact generates hotspots that trigger explosive materials.

Ultrasonic hammer sets off tiny explosions

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:April 2, 2015

Giving new meaning to the term “sonic boom,” University of Illinois chemists have used sound to trigger microscopic explosions.

Published Date: April 2, 2015


Breast tissue is computationally stained using data from infrared imaging without actually staining the tissue, enabling multiple stains on the same sample. From left, the image shows a Hematoxylin and Eosin stain (pink-blue), molecular staining for epithelial cells (brown color) and Massons trichrome(blue, red at right).

New technique paints tissue samples with light

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:March 24, 2015

One infrared scan can give pathologists a window into the structures and molecules inside tissues and cells, enabling fast and broad diagnostic assessments, thanks to an imaging technique developed by University of Illinois researchers and clinical partners.

Published Date: March 24, 2015


A machine in University of Illinois chemistry professor Martin Burke's lab assembles complex small molecules out of simple chemical building blocks, like a 3-D printer on the molecular level.

Molecule-making machine simplifies complex chemistry

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:March 12, 2015

A new molecule-making machine could do for chemistry what 3-D printing did for engineering: Make it fast, flexible and accessible to anyone. Chemists at the University of Illinois, led by chemistry professor and medical doctor Martin D. Burke, built the machine to assemble complex small molecules at the click of a mouse, like a 3-D printer at the molecular level.

Published Date: March 12, 2015


Three Illinois faculty awarded Sloan Research Fellowships

Author: Austin Keating, News Bureau intern

Published Date:February 23, 2015

Three University of Illinois faculty members are recipients of 2015 Sloan Research Fellowships from the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation.

Published Date: February 23, 2015


Illinois geology professor Xioadong Song led a research team that used seismic waves to look at the Earths inner core. They found that the inner core has surprisingly complex structure and behaviors.

Earth's surprise inside: Geologists unlock mysteries of the planet's inner core

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:February 9, 2015

Seismic waves are helping scientists to plumb the world’s deepest mystery: the planet’s inner core. Earth's inner core Thanks to a novel application of earthquake-reading technology, a research team at the University of Illinois and colleagues at Nanjing University in China have found that the Earth’s inner core has an inner core of its own, which has surprising properties that could reveal information about our planet.

Published Date: February 9, 2015


llinois graduate student Subhro Roy (left) and professor Dan Roth developed software to help computers understand math concepts expressed in text. This will improve data accessibility, search and education.

Software teaches computers to translate words to math

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:January 20, 2015

Thanks to new software developed at the University of Illinois, machines now can learn to understand mathematical reasoning expressed in language, which could greatly improve search engines and access to data as well as boost mathematics education.

Published Date: January 20, 2015


Illinois emeritus professor Nick Holonyak Jr., who developed the first visible-light LED, was honored with the Draper Prize, the highest honor in engineering, along with two of his former students.

Illinois LED pioneers receive Draper Prize

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:January 6, 2015

A University of Illinois professor and two of his former students are among the five pioneers of LED technology honored with the 2015 Draper Prize, one of the most prestigious awards in engineering.

Published Date: January 6, 2015


Illinois professor Kyekyoon Kevin Kim, graduate student Elizabeth Joachim and research scientist Hyungsoo Choi developed tiny gelatin nanoparticles that can carry medication to the brain, which could lead to longer treatment windows for stroke patients.

Getting into your head: Gelatin nanoparticles could deliver drugs to the brain

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:December 23, 2014

Stroke victims could have more time to seek treatment that could reduce harmful effects on the brain, thanks to tiny blobs of gelatin that could deliver the medication to the brain noninvasively.

Published Date: December 23, 2014


Professor Tandy Warnow developed a new statistical method that sorts genetic data to construct better species trees detailing genetic lineage.

New method helps map species' genetic heritage

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:December 11, 2014

Where did the songbird get its song? What branch of the bird family tree is closer to the flamingo – the heron or the sparrow? These questions seem simple, but are actually difficult for geneticists to answer. A new, sophisticated statistical technique developed by researchers at the University of Illinois and the University of Texas at Austin can help researchers construct more accurate species trees detailing the lineage of genes and the relationships between species.

Published Date: December 11, 2014


Professor Martin Gruebele led a team that developed a way to watch how unfolded proteins move through a cell using a fluorescent microscope and three-dimensional diffusion modeling.

Now researchers can see how unfolded proteins move in the cell

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:December 9, 2014

When a large protein unfolds in transit through a cell, it slows down and can get stuck in traffic. Using a specialized microscope -- a sort of cellular traffic camera -- University of Illinois chemists now can watch the way the unfolded protein diffuses.

Published Date: December 9, 2014


Illinois researchers used a land-surface model to determine regions in the United States where bioenergy crops would grow best. L-R: Atmospheric sciences professor Atul Jain, graduate student Yang Song, and agricultural and consumer economics professor Madhu Khanna.

Model evaluates where bioenergy crops grow best

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:November 21, 2014

Farmers interested in bioenergy crops now have a resource to help them determine which kind of bioenergy crop would grow best in their regions and what kind of harvest to expect. Researchers at the University of Illinois have published a study identifying yield zones for three major bioenergy crops.

Published Date: November 21, 2014


Illinois researchers developed a platform to grow and study neuron cells using tiny rolled microtubes. Pictured, left to right: Olivia Cangellaris, Paul Froeter, professor Xiuling Li, Wen Huang and professor Martha Gillette.

Microtubes create cozy space for neurons to grow, and grow fast

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:November 11, 2014

Tiny, thin microtubes could provide a scaffold for neuron cultures to grow so that researchers can study neural networks, their growth and repair, yielding insights into treatment for degenerative neurological conditions or restoring nerve connections after injury.

Published Date: November 11, 2014


Illinois astronomy professor Leslie Looney (left) and former graduate student Ian Stephens, now at Boston University, studied a newborn star to see, for the first time, the magnetic field that will shape the planets of that star's solar system.

Sculpting solar systems: Magnetic fields seen for first time

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:October 28, 2014

University of Illinois astronomers have caught their first glimpse of the invisible magnetic fields that sculpt solar systems.

Published Date: October 28, 2014


River researchers used a specially constructed model to study how water flows over gravel river beds. Postdoctoral researcher Gianluca Blois (left) and professor Jim Best also developed a technique to measure the water flow between the pore spaces in the river bed.

Rivers flow differently over gravel beds, study finds

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:October 15, 2014

River beds, where flowing water meets silt, sand and gravel, are critical ecological zones. Yet how water flows in a river with a gravel bed is very different from the traditional model of a sandy river bed, according to a new study that compares their fluid dynamics.

Published Date: October 15, 2014


Illinois professor Alek Aksimentiev and graduate student Manish Shankla found that it is possible to control how DNA goes through a graphene nanopore for sequencing by applying an electric charge to the graphene.

Charged graphene gives DNA a stage to perform molecular gymnastics

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:October 9, 2014

When Illinois researchers set out to investigate a method to control how DNA moves through a tiny sequencing device, they did not know they were about to witness a display of molecular gymnastics.

Published Date: October 9, 2014


Praveen Kumar Photo by L. Brian Stauffer  Illinois researchers found that bioenergy crops like miscanthus can store more carbon in the soil than traditional corn or soybean crops.

Bioenergy crops could store more carbon in soil

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:October 2, 2014

In addition to providing renewable energy, grass crops like switchgrass and miscanthus could store some of the carbon they pull from the atmosphere in the soil, according to a new study by University of Illinois researchers.

Published Date: October 2, 2014


Topography of a red blood cell as measured by the SLIM optical technique. Though the cell keeps its shape as it ages, the membrane becomes less flexible.

Banked blood grows stiffer with age, study finds

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:September 5, 2014

It may look like fresh blood and flow like fresh blood, but the longer blood is stored, the less it can carry oxygen into the tiny microcapillaries of the body, says a new study from University of Illinois researchers.

Published Date: September 5, 2014


Professor Sheldon H. Jacobson led a study that found that, though seatbelt use drops as obesity rises, states with primary seatbelt laws saw a drop nearly nine times less than states without such laws.

Seatbelt laws encourage obese drivers to buckle up

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences

Published Date:September 2, 2014

Obesity is associated with many health risks, including heart disease and diabetes, but University of Illinois researchers have found a possible way to mitigate one often-overlooked risk: not buckling up in the car.

Published Date: September 2, 2014


University of Illinois plant biology professor Evan DeLucia and his colleagues found that land plants have the capacity to produce much more biomass than previously estimated

Study: Earth can sustain more terrestrial plant growth than previously thought

Author: Diana Yates, Life Sciences Editor

Published Date:August 26, 2014

A new analysis suggests the planet can produce much more land-plant biomass – the total material in leaves, stems, roots, fruits, grains and other terrestrial plant parts – than previously thought.

Published Date: August 26, 2014


Professor Paul Braun and graduate student Chunjie Zhang developed a continuous glucose-monitoring system that changes color when glucose levels rise.

A glucose meter of a different color provides continuous monitoring

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:August 25, 2014

University of Illinois engineers are bringing a touch of color to glucose monitoring. The researchers developed a new continuous glucose monitoring material that changes color as glucose levels fluctuate, and the wavelength shift is so precise that doctors and patients may be able to use it for automatic insulin dosing - something not possible using current point measurements like test strips.

Published Date: August 25, 2014


Illinois researchers found that the material molybdenum disulfide could be the most efficient yet found for DNA sequencing, making personalized medicine more accessible.

New material could enhance fast and accurate DNA sequencing

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:August 13, 2014

Illinois researchers found that the material molybdenum disulfide could be the most efficient yet found for DNA sequencing, making personalized medicine more accessible.

Published Date: August 13, 2014


Professor Ning Wang led a team that found that tumor-repopulating cancer cells can go dormant in stiffer tissues but wake up and multiply when placed in a softer environment.

Cell mechanics may hold key to how cancer spreads and recurs

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:August 6, 2014

Cancer cells that break away from tumors to go looking for a new home may prefer to settle into a soft bed, according to new findings from researchers at the University of Illinois.

Published Date: August 6, 2014


University of Illinois anthropology professor Kathryn Clancy led a new study of sexual harassment and assault of men and women working on scientific field studies.

Sexual harassment and assault are common on scientific field studies, survey indicates

Author: Diana Yates, Life Sciences Editor

Published Date:July 16, 2014

A survey of 142 men and 516 women with experience in field studies in anthropology, archaeology, geology and other scientific disciplines reveals that many of them – particularly the younger ones – suffered or witnessed sexual harassment or sexual assault while at work in the field.

Published Date: July 16, 2014


Illinois researchers are using plastic that shrinks when heated to pack nanowires together for electronics applications.

Shrinky Dinks close the gap for nanowires

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:July 1, 2014

Engineers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign are using Shrinky Dinks, plastic that shrinks under high heat, to close the gap between nanowires in an array to make them useful for high-performance electronics applications.

Published Date: July 1, 2014


Tiny walking bio-bots are powered by muscle cells and controlled by an electric field.

Muscle-powered bio-bots walk on command

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:June 30, 2014

A new generation of miniature biological robots is flexing its muscle. Engineers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign demonstrated a class of walking “bio-bots” powered by muscle cells and controlled with electrical pulses, giving researchers unprecedented command over their function.

Published Date: June 30, 2014


Professor Naira Hovakimyan was honored with a Humboldt Research Award for her work with adaptive flight control systems.

Mechanical science and engineering professor wins Humboldt Prize

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:June 3, 2014

University of Illinois mechanical science and engineering professor Naira Hovakimyan has been chosen to receive the prestigious Humboldt Research Award (or Humboldt Prize) honoring a career of research achievements.

Published Date: June 3, 2014


Professor Ning Wang led a team that found the precise combination of mechanical forces, chemistry and timing to help stem cells differentiate into three germ layers, the first step toward developing specialized tissues and organs.

Stem cells take initial step toward development in the lab

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:May 30, 2014

The gap between stem cell research and regenerative medicine just became a lot narrower, thanks to a new technique that coaxes stem cells, with potential to become any tissue type, to take the first step to specialization. It is the first time this critical step has been demonstrated in a laboratory.

Published Date: May 30, 2014


University of Illinois chemistry professor Martin Burke led a team that discovered a simple system to synthesize a large class of medically important molecules using only 12 different chemical building blocks.

Making better medicines with a handful of chemical building blocks

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:May 19, 2014

Soon, making and improving medical drugs could be as easy for chemists as stacking blocks is for a child.

Published Date: May 19, 2014


Illinois researchers have developed materials that not only heal, but regenerate. The restorative material is delivered through two, isolated fluid streams (dyed red and blue). The liquid immediately gels and later hardens, resulting in recovery of the entire damaged region. This image is halfway through the restoration process.

Regenerating plastic grows back after damage

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:May 8, 2014

Looking at a smooth sheet of plastic in one University of Illinois laboratory, no one would guess that an impact had recently blasted a hole through it. Illinois researchers have developed materials that not only heal, but regenerate. Until now, self-repairing materials could only bond tiny microscopic cracks. The new regenerating materials fill in large cracks and holes by regrowing material.

Published Date: May 8, 2014


Professor Bruce Schatz and colleagues developed a smartphone app, GaitTrack, which monitors chronic heart and lung patients by analyzing the way they walk.

GaitTrack app makes cellphone a medical monitor for heart and lung patients

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:May 6, 2014

By simply carrying around their cellphones, patients who suffer from chronic disease could soon have an accurate health monitor that warns their doctors when their symptoms worsen.

Published Date: May 6, 2014


University of Illinois chemists developed analogs of a new tuberculosis drug that could treat many other diseases and defy resistance. From left, research scientist Lici A. Schurig-Briccio, undergraduate Shannon Bogue, graduate student Xinxin Feng, research scientist Kai Li and chemistry professor Eric Oldfield.

Multitarget TB drug could treat other diseases, evade resistance

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:April 17, 2014

A drug under clinical trials to treat tuberculosis could be the basis for a class of broad-spectrum drugs that act against various bacteria, fungal infections and parasites, yet evade resistance, according to a study by University of Illinois chemists and collaborators.

Published Date: April 17, 2014


Thin, soft stick-on patches that stretch and move with the skin incorporate commercial, off-the-shelf chip-based electronics for sophisticated wireless health monitoring. The new device was developed by John A. Rogers of Illinois and Yonggang Huang of Northwestern University.

Off the shelf, on the skin: Stick-on electronic patches for health monitoring

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:April 3, 2014

Wearing a fitness tracker on your wrist or clipped to your belt is so 2013. Engineers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and Northwestern University have demonstrated thin, soft stick-on patches that stretch and move with the skin and incorporate commercial, off-the-shelf chip-based electronics for sophisticated wireless health monitoring.

Published Date: April 3, 2014


Professors Praveen Kumar, right, and Stephen Long developed a computer modeling system to help plant scientists breed soybean crops that produce more and use less water.

Scientists say new computer model amounts to a lot more than a hill of beans

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:April 3, 2014

Crops that produce more while using less water seem like a dream for a world with a burgeoning population and already strained food and water resources. This dream is coming closer to reality for University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign researchers who have developed a new computer model that can help plant scientists breed better soybean crops.

Published Date: April 3, 2014


A new course co-developed by plant science professor Katy Heath teaches graduate students skills such as communicating about their research with nonscientists and developing educational outreach programs. Part of the Amplify the Signal course: graduate students, from left, front row, Cassandra Wesseln, Jennifer Han and Miranda Haus; back row, Rhiannon Peery, Christina Silliman and Heath.

Aspiring scientists learning to translate their research into language public understands

Author: Sharita Forrest, News Editor

Published Date:April 3, 2014

Communicating the relevance of one’s scientific research to general audiences and developing educational outreach programs are critical to the career success of college professors and researchers, but graduate curricula often fail to help students cultivate these essential skills.

Published Date: April 3, 2014


University of Illinois cell and developmental biology professor Fei Wang, left; visiting scholar Qiuhao Qu, center; materials science and engineering professor Jianjun Cheng; and their colleagues improved the process of converting stem cells into motor neurons. (Neurons are green; motor neurons are red in the image on the screen).

Team finds a better way to grow motor neurons from stem cells

Author: Diana Yates, Life Sciences Editor

Published Date:March 31, 2014

Researchers report they can generate human motor neurons from stem cells much more quickly and efficiently than previous methods allowed. The finding, described in Nature Communications, will aid efforts to model human motor neuron development, and to understand and treat spinal cord injuries and motor neuron diseases such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS).

Published Date: March 31, 2014


Gillen DArcy Wood, a professor of English, is the author of Tambora: The Eruption That Changed the World, that documents the aftereffects of an 1815 volcanic eruption, the largest in recorded history. In his book, Wood describes the broad-ranging consequences, including climatic cooling, a worldwide cholera pandemic, a boom in opium production and an economic depression in the U.S.

New book tells the story of a little-known volcano's global impact

Author: Dusty Rhodes, Arts and Humanities Editor

Published Date:March 20, 2014

The 200th anniversary of the largest volcanic eruption in recorded history will be marked by the publication of a new book by University of Illinois professor Gillen D’Arcy Wood. If you think the title character might be Vesuvius, or Krakatoa, or maybe Pinatubo, you’re wrong. Wood’s focus is Tambora – a mountain in the Indonesian archipelago that erupted so violently in April of 1815 that today, it is ranked as “super colossal” on the scientific Volcanic Explosivity Index. And the explosion was only the first dose of Tambora’s destructive power.

Published Date: March 20, 2014


Three University of Illinois professors  from left, P. Brighton Godfrey, Prashant Jain and Shinsei Ryu 'have been selected to receive 2014 Sloan Research Fellowships from the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation.

Three faculty members awarded 2014 Sloan Fellowships

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:February 18, 2014

Three University of Illinois professors have been selected to receive 2014 Sloan Research Fellowships from the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation.

Published Date: February 18, 2014


Michelle Kelley, of Schaumburg, Ill., is one of 40 students to receive a prestigious Gates Cambridge Scholarship.

U. of I. senior wins Gates Cambridge Scholarship

Published Date:February 13, 2014

A senior at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign is among the recipients of this year’s prestigious Gates Cambridge Scholarship.

Published Date: February 13, 2014


Used plastic shopping bags can be converted into petroleum products that serve a multitude of purposes.

Plastic shopping bags make a fine diesel fuel, researchers report

Author: Diana Yates, Life Sciences Editor

Published Date:February 12, 2014

Plastic shopping bags, an abundant source of litter on land and at sea, can be converted into diesel, natural gas and other useful petroleum products, researchers report.

Published Date: February 12, 2014


University of Illinois chemistry professor Zaida Luthey-Schulten and physics professor Taekjip Ha led a study of how the ribosome assembles itself.

Advanced techniques yield new insights into ribosome self-assembly

Author: Diana Yates, Life Sciences Editor

Published Date:February 12, 2014

Ribosomes, the cellular machines that build proteins, are themselves made up of dozens of proteins and a few looping strands of RNA. A new study, reported in the journal Nature, offers new clues about how the ribosome, the master assembler of proteins, also assembles itself.

Published Date: February 12, 2014


Professor J. Gary Eden was elected to the National Academy of Engineering for his work in micro-plasma and laser technologies.

Illinois professor elected to National Academy of Engineering

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:February 6, 2014

J. Gary Eden, the Gilmore Family Professor of electrical and computer engineering at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, has been elected to membership in the National Academy of Engineering.

Published Date: February 6, 2014


A close-up of an elastic polymer that was cut in two and healed overnight.

Off-the-shelf materials lead to self-healing polymers

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:February 4, 2014

Look out, super glue and paint thinner. Thanks to new dynamic materials developed at the University of Illinois, removable paint and self-healing plastics soon could be household products.

Published Date: February 4, 2014


A new 3-D imaging technique for live cells uses a conventional microscope to capture image slices throughout the depth of the cell, then computationally renders them into one three-dimensional image. The technique uses no dyes or chemicals, allowing researchers to observe cells in their natural state.

3-D imaging provides window into living cells, no dye required

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:January 21, 2014

Living cells are ready for their close-ups, thanks to a new imaging technique that needs no dyes or other chemicals, yet renders high-resolution, three-dimensional, quantitative imagery of cells and their internal structures – all with conventional microscopes and white light.

Published Date: January 21, 2014


Engineers developed the first tiny, synthetic machines that can swim by themselves, powered by beating heart cells.

Tiny swimming bio-bots boldly go where no bot has swum before

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:January 17, 2014

The alien world of aquatic micro-organisms just got new residents: synthetic self-propelled swimming bio-bots.

Published Date: January 17, 2014


Illinois professor Lane Martin was honored with a Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists and Engineers.

Illinois professor Lane Martin earns Presidential Early Career Award

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:January 9, 2014

University of Illinois professor Lane Martin is among the 102 researchers to receive the 2013 Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists and Engineers (PECASE), the highest honor the U.S. government confers upon young investigators establishing their independent research careers.

Published Date: January 9, 2014


Invisible gas clouds in galaxies absorb light from background quasars based on the clouds' physical properties.  By searching for changes in absorption from repeat observations of the same quasar, University of Illinois astronomers found the first evidence that small-scale gas clouds are likely to exist.

Quasars illuminate swiftly swirling clouds around galaxies

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:January 7, 2014

A new study of light from quasars has provided astronomers with illuminating insights into the swirling clouds of gas that form stars and galaxies, proving that the clouds can shift and change much more quickly than previously thought.

Published Date: January 7, 2014


Study leader Bruce Fouke conducts research on microbes in extreme environments. His work in Yellowstone offers a basis for interpreting new research on subterranean microbes.

Oil- and metal-munching microbes dominate deep sandstone formations

Author: Diana Yates, Life Sciences Editor

Published Date:December 17, 2013

Halomonas are a hardy breed of bacteria. They can withstand heat, high salinity, low oxygen, utter darkness and pressures that would kill most other organisms. These traits enable these microbes to eke out a living in deep sandstone formations that also happen to be useful for hydrocarbon extraction and carbon sequestration, researchers report in a new study.

Published Date: December 17, 2013


Nanocrystals of cadmium selenide, known for their brilliant luminescence, display intriguing chemical behavior resulting from positive cooperation between atoms, a behavior akin to that found in biomolecules.

Atoms in a nanocrystal cooperate, much like in biomolecules

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:December 16, 2013

Researchers have long thought that biological molecules and synthetic nanocrystals were similar only in size. Now, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign chemists have found that they can add reactivity to the list of shared traits. Atoms in a nanocrystal can cooperate with each other to facilitate binding or switching, a phenomenon widely found in biological molecules.

Published Date: December 16, 2013


Electrical and computer engineering professor Joseph Lyding led the research team that developed a way to heal gaps in wires too small for even the world's tiniest soldering iron.

Nanotubes can solder themselves, markedly improving device performance

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:November 25, 2013

University of Illinois researchers have developed a way to heal gaps in wires too small for even the world’s tiniest soldering iron.

Published Date: November 25, 2013


Among the four Illinois professors named fellows of the Amercian Association for the Advancement of Science is Stephen A. Boppart, an Abel Bliss professor of engineering, who was cited for distinguished contributions to optical coherence tomography and its applications to biomedical imaging.

Four named fellows of American Association for the Advancement of Science

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:November 25, 2013

Four University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign faulty members have been named Fellows of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

Published Date: November 25, 2013


John A. Rogers, a pioneer in flexible, stretchable electronics, has been given a 2013 American Ingenuity Award by Smithsonian Magazine, the publishing arm of the Smithsonian Institution.

John A. Rogers wins American Ingenuity Award from Smithsonian Magazine

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:November 20, 2013

John A. Rogers, a Swanlund Professor at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, has been given a 2013 American Ingenuity Award by Smithsonian Magazine, the publishing arm of the Smithsonian Institution.

Published Date: November 20, 2013


University of Illinois engineers    from left, postdoctoral researcher  Fei Tan, graduate students Mong-Kai Wu  and Michael Liu, led by Milton Feng, front  developed a laser that can transmit data at a blazing fast 40 gigabits per second, without errors  the fastest in the U.S.

Tiny laser gives big boost to high speed data transmission

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:November 5, 2013

High-speed communication just got a turbo boost, thanks to a new laser technology developed at the University of Illinois that transmits error-free data over fiber optic networks at a blazing fast 40 gigabits per second – the fastest in the United States.

Published Date: November 5, 2013


Climate change topic of annual Charles David Keeling lecture at U. of I.

Author: Earn Saenmuk

Published Date:October 30, 2013

Edward Maibach, a professor at George Mason University, will give a lecture in a series that honors Charles David Keeling, an analytical chemist at the University of Illinois and a member of the National Academy of Sciences.

Published Date: October 30, 2013


University of Illinois chemistry professor M. Christina White and graduate student Paul Gormisky developed a new catalyst that will help streamline the drug-discovery process.

New small-molecule catalyst does the work of many enzymes

Author: Diana Yates, Life Sciences Editor

Published Date:October 3, 2013

Researchers report that they have created a man-made catalyst that is an “enzyme mimic.” Unlike most enzymes, which act on a single target, the new catalyst can alter the chemical profiles of numerous types of small molecules. The catalyst – and others like it – will greatly speed the process of drug discovery, the researchers say.

Published Date: October 3, 2013


Nanoantennas made of semiconductor can help scientists detect molecules with infrared light.

Tiny antennas let long light waves see in infrared

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:September 23, 2013

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign researchers have developed arrays of tiny nano-antennas that can enable sensing of molecules that resonate in the infrared (IR) spectrum.

Published Date: September 23, 2013


Chemistry professor Jonathan Sweedler, left, microbiology professor John Cronan, biochemistry professor John Gerlt and their colleagues developed a streamlined approach to discovering enzyme function.

It takes a(n academic) village to determine an enzyme's function

Author: Diana Yates, Life Sciences Editor

Published Date:September 23, 2013

Scientists have sequenced the genomes of nearly 6,900 organisms, but they know the functions of only about half of the protein-coding genes thus far discovered. Now a multidisciplinary effort involving 15 scientists from three institutions has begun chipping away at this mystery – in a big way. Their work to identify the function of one bacterial protein and the biochemical pathway in which it operates will also help identify the functions of hundreds of other proteins.

Published Date: September 23, 2013


Kevin T. Pitts was one of six Urbana professors named University Scholars for their excellence in teaching, scholarship and service.

Urbana campus faculty members named University Scholars

Author: Jeff Unger

Published Date:September 10, 2013

Six Urbana campus faculty members have been named University Scholars. The program recognizes excellence in teaching, scholarship and service. The faculty members will be honored at a campus reception Tuesday (Sept. 10) from 4:30 to 6 p.m. at the Levis Faculty Center, 919 W. Illinois St., Urbana.

Published Date: September 10, 2013


Researchers Tatiana Garcia, a graduate student, and civil and environmental engineering professor Marcelo Garcia developed a model that predicts how Asian carp eggs will disperse after spawning that will help resource managers develop strategies for preventing spread of the invasive species to the Great Lakes.

Model developed to track eggs of Asian carp, an invasive species

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:July 29, 2013

Asian carp are knocking on the door of the Great Lakes, but managers now can better pinpoint strategies to control their rapidly increasing population, according to a new model for tracking carp eggs developed by researchers at the University of Illinois and the United States Geological Survey.

Published Date: July 29, 2013


The magenta-flowered fireweed, which springs up after a burn, dominates a landscape once covered in black spruce in Alaskas Yukon Flats.

Most flammable boreal forests in North America become more so

Author: Diana Yates, Life Sciences Editor

Published Date:July 22, 2013

A 2,000-square-kilometer zone in the Yukon Flats of interior Alaska -- one of the most flammable high-latitude regions of the world, according to scientists -- has seen a dramatic increase in both the frequency and severity of fires in recent decades. Wildfire activity in this area is higher than at any other time in the past 10,000 years, the researchers report.

Published Date: July 22, 2013


H. Edward Seidel, the senior vice president of research and innovation at Moscows Skolkovo Institute of Science and Technology, has been named the director of the National Center for Supercomputing Applications at Illinois.

H. Edward Seidel chosen to be next leader of NCSA

Author: Mike Helenthal, News Editor

Published Date:July 19, 2013

H. Edward Seidel, the senior vice president of research and innovation at the Skolkovo Institute of Science and Technology in Moscow, has been named the director of the National Center for Supercomputing Applications at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, pending approval of the U. of I. Board of Trustees.

Published Date: July 19, 2013


For the first time, a research team from Harvard University and the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign demonstrated the ability to 3D-print a battery. This image shows the interlaced stack of electrodes that were printed layer by layer to create the working anode and cathode of a microbattery.

3-D printing could lead to tiny medical implants, electronics, robots, more

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:June 18, 2013

3-D printing now can be used to print lithium-ion microbatteries the size of a grain of sand. The printed microbatteries could supply electricity to tiny devices in fields from medicine to communications, including many that have lingered on lab benches for lack of a battery small enough to fit the device, yet providing enough stored energy to power it.

Published Date: June 18, 2013


U. of I. graduate student in chemistry invited to Nobel laureates meeting

Published Date:May 29, 2013

Anna Jean Wirth, of Charlottesville, Va., a doctoral student in chemistry, has been selected to attend the 2013 Lindau meeting of Nobel laureates in Lindau, Germany, in June.

Published Date: May 29, 2013


Ted Underwood, an English professor, says he 'stumbled over' the surprising linguistic divide between literary and non-literary prose through data-mining.

Exhaustive computer research project shows shift in English language

Author: Dusty Rhodes, Arts and Humanities Editor

Published Date:May 15, 2013

University of Illinois English professor Ted Underwood recently wrapped up a research project involving more than 4,200 books. Since that work revealed dramatic shifts in the English language between the 18th and 19th centuries, hes now expanding his research to include more than 470,000 books almost every English language book written during that era and preserved in a university library.

Published Date: May 15, 2013


The newest Illinois faculty members named to the National Academy of Sciences are from left, Eduardo Fradkin, physics, and Martin Gruebele and Sharon Hammes-Schiffer, chemistry.

Three Illinois professors elected to National Academy of Sciences

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:April 30, 2013

Three faculty members at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have been elected 2013 fellows of the National Academy of Sciences. Eduardo Fradkin, Martin Gruebele and Sharon Hammes-Schiffer are among the 84 new members and 21 foreign associates announced by the academy on April 30.

Published Date: April 30, 2013


Illinois chemists -- from left, undergraduate Kali A. Miller, graduate students Amin Haghighat Jahromi and Lien Nguyen, graduate student in Chemistry and professor Steven C. Zimmerman  developed a small-molecule compound that could lead to therapeutic treatment for myotonic dystrophy, an as-yet untreatable disease.

New molecule heralds hope for muscular dystrophy treatment

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:April 29, 2013

There's hope for patients with myotonic dystrophy. A new small molecule developed by researchers at the University of Illinois has been shown to break up the protein-RNA clusters that cause the disease in living human cells, an important first step toward developing a pharmaceutical treatment for the as-yet untreatable disease.

Published Date: April 29, 2013


Schematic representation of phase segregated InGaAs/InAs nanowires grown on graphene and single phase InGaAs nanowires grown on a different substrate

Nanowires grown on graphene have surprising structure

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:April 22, 2013

When a team of University of Illinois engineers set out to grow nanowires of a compound semiconductor on top of a sheet of graphene, they did not expect to discover a new paradigm of epitaxy.

Published Date: April 22, 2013


Atmospheric sciences professor Atul Jain led a group that studied the global effects of nitrogen on carbon dioxide emissions from land use change, such as deforestation to expand cropland.

Nitrogen has key role in estimating CO2 emissions from land use change

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:April 19, 2013

A new global-scale modeling study that takes into account nitrogen a key nutrient for plants estimates that carbon emissions from human activities on land were 40 percent higher in the 1990s than in studies that did not account for nitrogen.

Published Date: April 19, 2013


The graphic illustrates a high power battery technology from the University of Illinois.  Ions flow between three-dimensional micro-electrodes in a lithium ion battery.

Small in size, big on power: New microbatteries a boost for electronics

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:April 16, 2013

Though they be but little, they are fierce. The most powerful batteries on the planet are only a few millimeters in size, yet they pack such a punch that a driver could use a cellphone powered by these batteries to jump-start a dead car battery and then recharge the phone in the blink of an eye.

Published Date: April 16, 2013


A thin plastic ribbon printed with advanced electronics is threaded through the eye of an ordinary sewing needle. The device, containing LEDs, electrodes and sensors, can be injected into the brain or other organs.

A bright idea: Tiny injectable LEDs help neuroscientists study the brain

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:April 10, 2013

A new class of tiny, injectable LEDs is illuminating the deep mysteries of the brain.

Published Date: April 10, 2013


U. of I. chemists  professor Scott Silverman, right, and graduate student Jagadeeswaran Chandrasekar  synthesized a DNA catalyst that can perform a difficult reaction usually catalyzed by the protein enzyme phosphatase.

DNA catalysts do the work of protein enzymes

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:March 18, 2013

Illinois chemists have used DNA to do a proteins job, creating opportunities for DNA to find work in more areas of biology, chemistry and medicine than ever before.

Published Date: March 18, 2013


Philip Phillips, a professor of physics and of chemistry at Illinois, and colleagues have found that something other than electrons carry the current in copper-containing semiconductors known as cuprates.

Electrons are not enough: Cuprate superconductors defy convention

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:March 18, 2013

To engineers, its a tale as old as time: Electrical current is carried through materials by flowing electrons. But physicists at the University of Illinois and the University of Pennsylvania found that for copper-containing superconductors, known as cuprates, electrons are not enough to carry the current.

Published Date: March 18, 2013


U. of I. chemistry professor Yi Lu and his research group developed a method for reversible and dymanic nano-assembly and used it to encrypt Morse code messages on a DNA origami tile.

Reversible assembly leads to tiny encrypted messages

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:March 11, 2013

Hidden in a tiny tile of interwoven DNA is a message. The message is simple, but decoding it unlocks the secret of dynamic nanoscale assembly.

Published Date: March 11, 2013


LED inventor Nick Holonyak Jr., a professor of electrical and computer engineering at Illinois, is one of 101 innovators elected a charter fellow of the National Academy of Inventors.

Nick Holonyak Jr. elected a charter fellow of the National Academy of Inventors

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:March 8, 2013

Nick Holonyak Jr., a John Bardeen Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering and Physics at the University of Illinois, has been chosen to be a charter fellow of the National Academy of Inventors.

Published Date: March 8, 2013


Three U. of I. faculty members awarded Sloan fellowships

Author: Diana Yates, Life Sciences Editor

Published Date:February 15, 2013

Three professors at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have been selected to receive 2013 Sloan Research Fellowships from the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation.

Published Date: February 15, 2013


University of Illinois atmospheric sciences professor Donald Wuebbles said at the 2013 AAAS meeting that climate change is increasing the number of severe weather events.

Climate change's costly wild weather consequences

Author: Chelsey Coombs

Published Date:February 15, 2013

Throughout 2012, the United States was battered by severe weather events such as hurricanes and droughts that affected both pocketbooks and livelihoods. Research suggests that in the coming years, U.S. five-day forecasts will show greater numbers of extreme weather events, a trend linked to human-driven climate change.

Published Date: February 15, 2013


University of Illinois engineers devised a method of making thin films of ferroelectric material with twice the strain of traditional methods, giving the films exceptional electric properties. Professor Lane Martin, right. led the work with graduate student Karthik Jambunathan, center, and postdoctoral researcher Vengadesh Mangalam.

Researchers strain to improve electrical material and it's worth it

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:February 11, 2013

Like turning coal to diamond, adding pressure to an electrical material enhances its properties. Now, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign researchers have devised a method of making ferroelectric thin films with twice the strain, resulting in exceptional performance.

Published Date: February 11, 2013


Researchers found that a class of molecules called sphingolipds congregate in large patches in the cell membrane. Red and yellow colors indicate local elevations in the sphingolipid abundance.

New look at cell membrane reveals surprising organization

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:January 28, 2013

Sight would dramatically alter a blind mans understanding of an elephant, according to the old story. Now, a look directly at a cell surface is changing our understanding of cell membrane organization.

Published Date: January 28, 2013


Illinois aerospace engineering professor Scott R. White has been given a Humboldt Research Award honoring his work in autonomous and self-healing materials.

Illinois engineer receives Humboldt Research Award

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:January 16, 2013

University of Illinois aerospace engineering professor Scott R. White has been chosen to receive the prestigious Humboldt Research Award honoring a lifetime of research achievements.

Published Date: January 16, 2013


Illinois professor Sheldon H. Jacobson led a study that found an association between automobile travel, caloric intake and national average BMI.

Study: Curbing car travel could be as effective as cutting calories

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:December 18, 2012

Those considering how to maintain a healthy weight during holiday festivities, or looking ahead to New Years resolutions, may want to think twice before reaching for traditional staples like cookies or candy or the car keys.

Published Date: December 18, 2012


Nanofibers of metal oxide provide lots of highly reactive surface area for scrubbing sulfur compounds from fuel. Sulfur has to be removed because it emits toxic gasses and corrodes catalysts.

Nanofibers clean sulfur from fuel

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:December 17, 2012

Sulfur compounds in petroleum fuels have met their nano-structured match. University of Illinois researchers developed mats of metal oxide nanofibers that scrub sulfur from petroleum-based fuels much more effectively than traditional materials.

Published Date: December 17, 2012


University of Illinois physics professor Taekjip Ha and his colleagues discovered how a DNA-repair protein matches up a broken DNA strand with an intact region of double-stranded DNA.

Team solves mystery associated with DNA repair

Author: Diana Yates, Life Sciences Editor

Published Date:December 13, 2012

Every time a human or bacterial cell divides it first must copy its DNA. Specialized proteins unzip the intertwined DNA strands while others follow and build new strands, using the originals as templates. Whenever these proteins encounter a break and there are many they stop and retreat, allowing a new cast of molecular players to enter the scene.

Published Date: December 13, 2012


Illinois researchers developed a new design paradigm for inductors. Processed while flat, they then roll up on their own, taking up much less space on a chip.

Engineers roll up their sleeves and then do same with inductors

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:December 13, 2012

On the road to smaller, high-performance electronics, University of Illinois researchers have smoothed one speed bump by shrinking a key, yet notoriously large element of integrated circuits.

Published Date: December 13, 2012


Civil and environmental engineering professor Tami Bond and colleagues say that reducing the use of kerosene lamps is a quick way to reduce global warming.

The dark side of kerosene lamps: High black carbon emissions

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:December 10, 2012

The small kerosene lamps that light millions of homes in developing countries have a dark side: black carbon fine particles of soot released into the atmosphere.

Published Date: December 10, 2012


http://news.illinois.edu/news/12/1204swanlund_chairs.html

Five named to Swanlund Chairs, campus's premier endowed recognition

Author: Jeff Unger

Published Date:December 4, 2012

Five professors at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have been named Swanlund Chairs, the highest endowed titles on the Urbana campus.

Published Date: December 4, 2012


Philip Phillips, a professor of physics, is one of six Illinois professors named AAAS fellows.

Six professors at Illinois named 2012 AAAS fellows

Author: Chelsey Coombs

Published Date:November 29, 2012

Six faculty members at the University of Illinois have been named 2012 fellows of the American Association for the Advancement of Science: animal biology professor Chi-Hing Christina Cheng, electrical and computer engineering professor Kent Choquette, psychology professor Neal Cohen, chemistry professor So Hirata, anthropology professor Lisa Lucero and physics professor Philip Phillips.

Published Date: November 29, 2012


Researchers from the University of Illinois  professor Sua Myong, left, and graduate student Helen Hwang  determined the action of proteins that regulate the caps on the ends of DNA strands, creating an assay that could be used to screen anti-cancer drugs.

Proteins that work at the end of DNA could provide cancer insight

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:November 29, 2012

New insights into a protein complex that regulates the very tips of chromosomes could improve methods of screening anti-cancer drugs.

Published Date: November 29, 2012


Researchers from the University of Illinois and Northwestern University demonstrated tiny spheres that synchronize their movements as they self-assemble into a spinning microtube. From left, Erik Luijten, Jing Yan, Steve Granick and Sung Chul Bae.

New structures self-assemble in synchronized dance

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:November 21, 2012

With self-assembly guiding the steps and synchronization providing the rhythm, a new class of materials forms dynamic, moving structures in an intricate dance.

Published Date: November 21, 2012


Miniature bio-bots developed at the University of Illinois are made of hydrogel and heart cells, but can walk on their own.

These bots were made for walking: Cells power biological machines

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:November 15, 2012

Theyre soft, biocompatible, about 7 millimeters long and, incredibly, able to walk by themselves. Miniature bio-bots developed at the University of Illinois are making tracks in synthetic biology.

Published Date: November 15, 2012


Illinois professor Sheldon H. Jacobson led a study that found an association between cellphone ban enactment and long-term trends in driver accident rates.

Study: Cellphone bans associated with fewer urban accidents

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:November 15, 2012

Cellphones and driving go together like knives and juggling. But when cellphone use is banned, are drivers any safer? It depends on where youre driving, a study by University of Illinois researchers says.

Published Date: November 15, 2012


Chemistry professor Douglas Mitchell was named a 2012 Packard fellow. Mitchells research addresses problems related to antibiotic resistance.

University of Illinois chemist named Packard Fellow

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:October 26, 2012

University of Illinois chemistry professor Douglas Mitchell has been named a Packard Fellow in science and engineering. He is among 16 early career researchers honored by the David and Lucille Packard Foundation in 2012 for outstanding creative research.

Published Date: October 26, 2012


Chemistry professor Sharon Hammes-Schiffer will be among 220 new members inducted into the American Academy of Arts and Sciences on Saturday in Cambridge, Mass.

U. of I. chemist to be inducted into American Arts and Sciences Academy

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:October 5, 2012

University of Illinois chemistry professor Sharon Hammes-Schiffer will be among 220 new members inducted into the American Academy of Arts and Sciences on Saturday in Cambridge, Mass.

Published Date: October 5, 2012


A three-dimensional image of an etched gallium-arsenide semiconductor, taken during etching with a new microscopy technique that monitors the etching process on the nanometer scale. The height difference between the orange and purple regions is approximately 250 nanometers.

New method monitors semiconductor etching as it happens with light

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:September 28, 2012

University of Illinois researchers have a new low-cost method to carve delicate features onto semiconductor wafers using light and watch as it happens.

Published Date: September 28, 2012


A biodegradable integrated circuit during dissolution in water.

Next up: Environmentally safe electronics that also vanish in the body

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:September 27, 2012

Physicians and environmentalists alike could soon be using a new class of electronic devices: small, robust and high performance, yet also biocompatible and capable of dissolving completely in water or in bodily fluids.

Published Date: September 27, 2012


Climate scientist to deliver lecture in series honoring his father

Author: Madeline Ley

Published Date:August 30, 2012

Ralph Keeling, a climate scientist at the Scripps Institution of Oceanography at the University of California, San Diego, will deliver the annual lecture that honors his father, the late Charles David Keeling, who was an analytical chemist at the University of Illinois and a member of the National Academy of Sciences.

Published Date: August 30, 2012


Ryan C. Bailey is one of two Illinois professors named the world's top young innovators by Technology Review, the world's oldest technology magazine.

Two Illinois chemists named top young innovators

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:August 21, 2012

Two chemistry professors at the University of Illinois Ryan C. Bailey and Prashant K. Jain have been chosen as two of the worlds top young innovators by Technology Review, the worlds oldest technology magazine.

Published Date: August 21, 2012


University of Illinois chemists found that DNA can shape gold nanoparticle growth similarly to the way it shapes protein synthesis, with different letters of the genetic code producing gold circles, stars and hexagons.

Oh, my stars and hexagons! DNA code shapes gold nanoparticles

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:August 8, 2012

DNA holds the genetic code for all sorts of biological molecules and traits. But University of Illinois researchers have found that DNAs code can similarly shape metallic structures.

Published Date: August 8, 2012


Oblique aerial photograph of a dune field in the Bonnet Carr Spillway. Sand deposits were worked into trains of dunes when flood water flowed in the spillway. Once the flood subsided and the spillway was closed, the water drained and dried from the spillway, thereby exposing the dunes. Trees and shrubs near the top of the photograph provide scale.



Spillways can divert sand from river to rebuild wetlands

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:July 24, 2012

Researchers could have a new method to rebuild wetlands of the Louisiana delta, thanks to a chance finding while monitoring severe flooding of the Mississippi River.

Published Date: July 24, 2012


Joseph Lyding, a professor of electrical and computer engineering at the University of Illinois, led a group that developed a new microscope probe-sharpening technique.

Microscope probe-sharpening technique improves resolution, durability

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:July 5, 2012

A simple new improvement to an essential microscope component could greatly improve imaging for researchers who study the very small, from cells to computer chips.

Published Date: July 5, 2012


University of Illinois professor Ning Wang and colleagues in China use soft gels to culture the elusive cells that spread cancer from the primary tumor to other places in the body.

New way to grow, isolate cancer cells may add weapon against disease

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:July 2, 2012

The news a cancer patient most fears is that the disease has spread and become much more difficult to treat. A new method to isolate and grow the most dangerous cancer cells could enable new research into how cancer spreads and, ultimately, how to fight it.

Published Date: July 2, 2012


Professor Min-Feng Yus group developed trolling AFM, a method for high-quality imaging of soft cells and tissues at atomic resolution.

Gone fishing: Researchers' imaging technique trolls in quiet cellular seas

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:June 14, 2012

Experienced anglers know that choppy waters make for difficult fishing, so they try not to rock the boat. Thanks to a new microscopy technique, cell biology researchers can heed that same advice. University of Illinois researchers developed a method they call trolling AFM, which allows them to study soft biological samples in liquid with high resolution and high quality.

Published Date: June 14, 2012


Professor Stephen Boppart led a team that developed a new medical imaging device that can see behind the eardrum, the first in a planned suite of devices.

Nowhere to hide: New device sees bacteria behind the eardrum

Author: Liz Ahlberg

Published Date:May 29, 2012

Doctors can now get a peek behind the eardrum to better diagnose and treat chronic ear infections, thanks to a new medical imaging device invented by University of Illinois researchers. The device could usher in a new suite of non-invasive, 3-D diagnostic imaging tools for primary-care physicians.

Published Date: May 29, 2012


University of Illinois engineers developed a method to computationally correct aberrations in three-dimensional tissue microscopy. From left, postdoctoral researcher Steven Adie, professor P. Scott Carney, graduate students Adeel Ahmad and Benedikt Graf, and professor Stephen Boppart.

Computing the best high-resolution 3-D tissue images

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:April 23, 2012

Real-time, 3-D microscopic tissue imaging could be a revolution for medical fields such as cancer diagnosis, minimally invasive surgery and ophthalmology. University of Illinois researchers have developed a technique to computationally correct for aberrations in optical tomography, bringing the future of medical imaging into focus.

Published Date: April 23, 2012


A team of materials science researchers, including professor Paul Braun, studied how heat flows across an interface at an atomic level.

Controlling heat flow with atomic-level precision

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:April 23, 2012

Through a combination of atomic-scale materials design and ultrafast measurements, researchers at the University of Illinois have revealed new insights about how heat flows across an interface between two materials.

Published Date: April 23, 2012


Illinois researchers  from left, Jong-Shi Pang, Yun Ba and Yanfeng Ouyang  developed models for optimizing and evaluating the biofuel feedstock supply chain, addressing layers of competition not only between the biofuel market and the food market, but also among individual farmers.

Study: Optimizing biofuel supply chain is a competitive game

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:April 18, 2012

According to new models created by University of Illinois researchers, most studies of the" food versus fuel" debate so far have overlooked a key factor: selfish and possibly competing interests of the biofuel industry and individual farmers, who independently seek the most profit from their crops.

Published Date: April 18, 2012


Jennifer A. Lewis, the Hans Thurnauer Professor of Materials Science and Engineering and director of the Frederick Seitz Materials Research Laboratory at Illinois, was honored by the American Academy of Arts and Sciences for her contributions to her field.

Two U. of I. faculty members elected to American Academy of Arts and Sciences

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:April 17, 2012

University of Illinois professors Edward Diener and Jennifer A. Lewis are among 220 new members named to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.

Published Date: April 17, 2012


Professor Huimin Zhao, whose research explores biosynthetic tools for drug and energy development, was awarded a 2012 Guggenheim Foundation Fellowship.

Illinois engineering professor awarded Guggenheim Fellowship

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:April 12, 2012

University of Illinois professor Huimin Zhao has received a 2012 Guggenheim Foundation Fellowship.

Published Date: April 12, 2012


Illinois chemists  Wilfred van der Donk and graduate students Weixin Tan, left, and Neha Garg  discovered a molecule very similar to the antibiotic nisin, found naturally in milk and added to food for decades to fight pathogenic bacteria. The new molecule, geobacillin, is more stable than nisin, which could make it more effective.

New antibiotic could make food safer and cows healthier

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:March 19, 2012

Food-borne diseases might soon have another warrior to contend with, thanks to a new molecule discovered by chemists at the University of Illinois. The new antibiotic, an analog of the widely used food preservative nisin, also has potential to be a boon to the dairy industry as a treatment for bovine mastitis.

Published Date: March 19, 2012


Robert J. Finley, principal investigator on the Illinois  Basin - Decatur Project, turns the main valve to start injection of CO2 into the Mount Simon Sandstone.

Carbon storage project combines innovation and outreach

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:February 20, 2012

Geologists are hoping to learn a great deal about geologic carbon sequestration from injecting 1 million metric tons of carbon dioxide into sandstone 7,000 feet beneath Decatur, Ill. And theyre hoping the public learns a lot from the endeavor, too.

Published Date: February 20, 2012


Three U. of I. faculty members selected as 2012 Sloan Fellows

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:February 20, 2012

Three University of Illinois professors have each been selected to receive a 2012 Sloan Research Fellowship from the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation.

Published Date: February 20, 2012


Illinois professor Sheldon H. Jacobson developed algorithms to address risk in airline passenger populations to help determine how best to allocate airport security resources.

Risk-based passenger screening could make air travel safer

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:January 31, 2012

Anyone who has flown on a commercial airline since 2001 is well aware of increasingly strict measures at airport security checkpoints. A study by Illinois researchers demonstrates that intensive screening of all passengers actually makes the system less secure by overtaxing security resources.

Published Date: January 31, 2012


Illinois chemists discovered that a powerful treatment for fungal infections doesnt work the way doctors have assumed, setting a new course for drug development. The researchers, led by chemistry professor Martin Burke, right, are, from left, graduate students Ian Dailey, Matthew Endo, Brandon Wilcock, Brice Uno and, not pictured, Kaitlyn Gray and Daniel Palacios.

Powerful drug's surprising, simple method could lead to better treatments

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:January 17, 2012

With one simple experiment, University of Illinois chemists have debunked a widely held misconception about an often-prescribed drug.

Published Date: January 17, 2012


Particle-free silver ink prints small, high-performance electronics

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:January 12, 2012

University of Illinois materials scientists have developed a new reactive silver ink for printing high-performance electronics on ubiquitous, low-cost materials such as flexible plastic, paper or fabric substrates.

Published Date: January 12, 2012


New technique makes it easier to etch semiconductors

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:December 22, 2011

Creating semiconductor structures for high-end optoelectronic devices just got easier, thanks to University of Illinois researchers. The team developed a method to chemically etch patterned arrays in the semiconductor gallium arsenide, used in solar cells, lasers, light emitting diodes (LEDs), field effect transistors (FETs), capacitors and sensors.

Published Date: December 22, 2011


Self-healing electronics could work longer and reduce waste

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:December 20, 2011

When one tiny circuit within an integrated chip cracks or fails, the whole chip -- or even the whole device -- is a loss. But what if it could fix itself, and fix itself so fast that the user never knew there was a problem?

Published Date: December 20, 2011


Ecologist Daniel Schneider, a professor of urban and regional planning, has written a book on sewage treatment and the industrial ecosystem.

Antimicrobials, perfumes, drugs pose challenges for sewage treatment

Author: Dusty Rhodes, News Editor

Published Date:December 19, 2011

n his first book, University of Illinois professor Daniel Schneider tackles a topic not generally discussed at cocktail parties. Schneiders Hybrid Nature: Sewage Treatment and the Contradictions of the Industrial Ecosystem was published last month by the MIT Press.

Published Date: December 19, 2011


Illinois researchers developed spiral polypeptides that can deliver DNA segments to cells with high efficiency and relatively low toxicity, a step toward clinical gene therapy. The team, from left, postdoctoral researchers Lichen Yin and Dong Li; Fei Wang, a professor of cell and developmental biology; Jianjun Cheng, a professor of materials science and engineering; and Nathan Gabrielson, a postdoctoral researcher.

Let's do the twist: Spiral proteins are efficient gene delivery agents

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:December 15, 2011

Clinical gene therapy may be one step closer, thanks to a new twist on an old class of molecules.

Published Date: December 15, 2011


Researchers at Illinois have developed a microvascular stamp that lays out a blueprint for new blood vessels and spurs their growth in a predetermined pattern. The research team included (from left, standing) Rashid Bashir, a professor of electrical and computer engineering; graduate student Vincent Chan; K. Jimmy Hsia, a professor of mechanical science and engineering; graduate student Casey Dyck; and Hyunjoon Kong, a professor of chemical and biomolecular engineering; and (from left, seated) postdoctoral researcher Jae Hyun Jeong and graduate student Chaenyung Cha.

Team designs a bandage that spurs, guides blood vessel growth

Author: Diana Yates, Life Sciences Editor

Published Date:December 15, 2011

Researchers have developed a bandage that stimulates and directs blood vessel growth on the surface of a wound. The bandage, called a microvascular stamp, contains living cells that deliver growth factors to damaged tissues in a defined pattern. After a week, the pattern of the stamp is written in blood vessels, the researchers report.

Published Date: December 15, 2011


Wilfred van der Donk, the Richard  E. Heckert Endowed Chair in Chemistry, was one of eight Illinois professors elected fellows of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

Eight Illinois faculty members elected fellows of AAAS

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:December 6, 2011

Eight University of Illinois faculty members have been elected fellows in the American Association for the Advancement of Science: Fouad Abd-El-Khalick, Rashid Bashir, Debasish Dutta, K. Jimmy Hsia, Keith W. Kelley, Wilfred van der Donk, M. Christina White and James Whitfield.

Published Date: December 6, 2011


Astronomy professor Tony Wong led an international team of astronomers to create a detailed map of star-forming regions of the Large Magellanic Cloud, a neighboring galaxy.

Astronomers look to neighboring galaxy for star formation insight

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:November 30, 2011

An international team of astronomers has mapped in detail the star-birthing regions of the nearest star-forming galaxy to our own, a step toward understanding the conditions surrounding star creation.

Published Date: November 30, 2011


Researchers Christopher Lehmann, left, and David Gay completed a 25-year study of acidic pollutants in rainwater collected across the U.S. and found that both frequency and concentration of acid rainfall has decreased.

Long-term study shows acid pollution in rain decreases with emissions

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:November 16, 2011

Emissions regulations do have an environmental impact, according to a long-term study of acidic rainfall by researchers at the University of Illinois.

Published Date: November 16, 2011


Nanowires could be solution for high-performance solar cells

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:November 8, 2011

Tiny wires could help engineers realize high-performance solar cells and other electronics, according to University of Illinois researchers.

Published Date: November 8, 2011


Research: Graphene grows better on certain copper crystals

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:October 27, 2011

New observations could improve industrial production of high-quality graphene, hastening the era of graphene-based consumer electronics, thanks to University of Illinois engineers.

Published Date: October 27, 2011


Illinois professor named Packard Fellow

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:October 24, 2011

University of Illinois chemical and biomolecular engineering professor Charles Schroeder has been named a Packard Fellow in science and engineering. He is among 16 early career researchers honored by the David and Lucille Packard Foundation in 2011 for outstanding creative research.

Published Date: October 24, 2011


Illinois professor to be inducted into Engineering and Science Hall of Fame

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:October 14, 2011

Nick Holonyak Jr., the Bardeen professor of electrical and computer engineering, will be inducted into the Engineering and Science Hall of Fame for his development of the first practical light-emitting diode (LED).

Published Date: October 14, 2011


Physicists localize 3-D matter waves for first time

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:October 7, 2011

University of Illinois physicists have experimentally demonstrated for the first time how three-dimensional conduction is affected by the defects that plague materials. Understanding these effects is important for many electronics applications.

Published Date: October 7, 2011


Ionic liquid catalyst helps turn emissions into fuel

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:October 6, 2011

An Illinois research team has succeeded in overcoming one major obstacle to a promising technology that simultaneously reduces atmospheric carbon dioxide and produces fuel.

Published Date: October 6, 2011


Electrical and computer engineering professor Gang Logan Liu

Illinois professor earns Early Presidential Career Award

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:September 29, 2011

University of Illinois professor Gang Logan Liu is among the 94 researchers to receive the 2011 Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists and Engineers (PECASE), the highest honor the U.S. government confers upon young investigators establishing their independent research careers.

Published Date: September 29, 2011


Researchers' chance viewing of river cutoff forming provides rare insight

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:September 21, 2011

Professors Bruce Rhoads and Jim Best and graduate student Jessica Zinger documented development of two cutoff channels in a bend in the Wabash River, pictured in the background. The cutoffs released huge amounts of sediment into the river.

Published Date: September 21, 2011


Illinois researchers developed a novel imaging technique that can quantitatively measure cell mass with light.

New imaging method sheds light on cell growth

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:August 25, 2011

Led by electrical and computer engineering professor Gabriel Popescu, a U. of I. research team developed a new imaging method called spatial light interference microscopy (SLIM) that can measure cell mass using two beams of light.

Published Date: August 25, 2011


New theory may shed light on dynamics of large-polymer liquids

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:August 23, 2011

A new physics-based theory could give researchers a deeper understanding of the unusual, slow dynamics of liquids composed of large polymers. This advance provides a better picture of how polymer molecules respond under fast-flow, high-stress processing conditions for plastics and other polymeric materials.

Published Date: August 23, 2011


A new set of building blocks for simple synthesis of complex molecules

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:August 22, 2011

Assembling chemicals can be like putting together a puzzle. University of Illinois chemists have developed a way of fitting the pieces together to more efficiently build complex molecules, beginning with a powerful and promising antioxidant.

Published Date: August 22, 2011


Smart skin: Electronics that stick, stretch like a temporary tattoo

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:August 11, 2011

Engineers have developed a device platform that combines electronic components for sensing, medical diagnostics, communications and human-machine interfaces, all on an ultrathin skin-like patch that mounts directly onto the skin with the ease, flexibility and comfort of a temporary tattoo.

Published Date: August 11, 2011


Four Illinois professors elected American Chemical Society fellows

Author: Diana Yates, Life Sciences Editor

Published Date:August 8, 2011

Four University of Illinois chemistry professors are among 213 distinguished scientists elected fellows of the American Chemical Society this year. Thom Dunning, Catherine Murphy, Ralph Nuzzo and Jonathan Sweedler have demonstrated outstanding accomplishments in chemistry and made important contributions to ACS, the society wrote in its announcement about the new fellows.

Published Date: August 8, 2011


New 3-D photonic crystals have both electronic and optical properties

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:July 25, 2011

In an advance that could open new avenues for solar cells, lasers, metamaterials and more, researchers at the University of Illinois have demonstrated the first optoelectronically active 3-D photonic crystal.

Published Date: July 25, 2011


Vascular composites enable dynamic structural materials

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:July 25, 2011

Taking their cue from biological circulatory systems, University of Illinois researchers have developed vascularized structural composites, creating materials that are lightweight and strong with potential for self-healing, self-cooling, metamaterials and more.

Published Date: July 25, 2011


Pocket chemistry: DNA helps glucose meters measure more than sugar

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:July 25, 2011

Glucose meters arent just for diabetics anymore. Thanks to University of Illinois chemists, they can be used as simple, portable, inexpensive meters for a number of target molecules in blood, serum, water or food.

Published Date: July 25, 2011


BTN TO PREMIERE 'A BRILLIANT IDEA: NICK HOLONYAK AND THE LED JULY 28

Published Date:July 18, 2011

Nick Holonyak Jr. is called the godfather of the light-emitting diode. His scientific career, spanning more than 50 years, has changed the world and is the subject of a program to premiere on the Big Ten Network July 28 at noon (CDT).

Published Date: July 18, 2011


Silver pen has the write stuff for flexible electronics

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:June 28, 2011

The pen may have bested the sword long ago, but now its challenging wires and soldering irons.

Published Date: June 28, 2011


New curation tool a boon for genetic biologists

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:June 21, 2011

With the BeeSpace Navigator, University of Illinois researchers have created both a curation tool for genetic biologists and a new approach to searching for information.

Published Date: June 21, 2011


Researchers record two-state dynamics in glassy silicon

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:June 14, 2011

Using high-resolution imaging technology, University of Illinois researchers have answered a question that had confounded semiconductor researchers: Is amorphous silicon a glass? The answer? Yes until hydrogen is added.

Published Date: June 14, 2011


Illinois professor John A. Rogers receives $500,000 Lemelson-MIT Prize

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:June 14, 2011

John A. Rogers, the Lee J. Flory-Founder Chair in Engineering at the University of Illinois, has won the 2011 Lemelson-MIT Prize. The annual award recognizes outstanding innovation and creativity.

Published Date: June 14, 2011


Illinois chemist receives Humboldt Research Award

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:June 2, 2011

University of Illinois chemistry professor James Lisy has been chosen to receive a prestigious Humboldt Research Award honoring a lifetime of research achievements.

Published Date: June 2, 2011


Small change makes a big difference for ion channels

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:June 1, 2011

Using a high-resolution single-molecule study technique, University of Illinois researchers have seen the very subtle differences between two branches of an important family of neurotransmitter-gated ion channels.

Published Date: June 1, 2011


New book explores the geology of Illinois

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:May 19, 2011

The Illinois State Geological Survey, a unit in the newly named Prairie Research Institute, has published "Geology of Illinois," a full-color, 530-page book exploring the integral link between the state's geology and life on the surface.

Published Date: May 19, 2011


Study: Surge in obesity correlates with increased automobile usage

Author: Phil Ciciora, News Editor

Published Date:May 11, 2011

The surge in passenger vehicle usage in the U.S. between the 1950s and today may be associated with surging levels of obesity, says Sheldon H. Jacobson, a University of Illinois researcher who specializes in statistics and data analysis.

Published Date: May 11, 2011


Artificial nose can diagnose bacterial infections

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:April 27, 2011

Chemistry professor Ken Suslick developed an artificial "nose" than can diagnose bacterial infections in only a few hours.

Published Date: April 27, 2011


Ring around the hurricanes: Satellites can predict storm intensity

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:April 20, 2011

Coastal residents and oil-rig workers may soon have longer warning when a storm headed in their direction is becoming a hurricane, thanks to a University of Illinois study demonstrating how to use existing satellites to monitor tropical storm dynamics and predict sudden surges in strength.

Published Date: April 20, 2011


Two Illinois professors receive Guggenheim fellowships

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:April 7, 2011

Two University of Illinois professors Anne Dawson Hedeman, in medieval studies and art history, and Kenneth Suslick, in chemistry have received Guggenheim Foundation Fellowships.

Published Date: April 7, 2011


Self-cooling observed in graphene electronics

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:April 4, 2011

With the first observation of thermoelectric effects at graphene contacts, University of Illinois researchers found that graphene transistors have a nanoscale cooling effect that reduces their temperature.

Published Date: April 4, 2011


Study predicts large regional changes in farmland area

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:March 23, 2011

The effects of climate change and population growth on agricultural land area vary from region to region, according to a new study by University of Illinois researchers.

Published Date: March 23, 2011


New imaging technique provides rapid, high-definition chemistry

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:March 21, 2011

With intensity a million times brighter than sunlight, a new synchrotron-based imaging technique offers high-resolution pictures of the molecular composition of tissues with unprecedented speed and quality.

Published Date: March 21, 2011


New structure means batteries charge quickly, retain capacity

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:March 21, 2011

The batteries in Illinois professor Paul Brauns lab look like any others, but they pack a surprise inside. Brauns group developed a three-dimensional nanostructure for battery cathodes that allows for dramatically faster charging and discharging without sacrificing energy storage capacity.

Published Date: March 21, 2011


Memory advance would extend mobile-device battery life

Author: Liz Ahlberg

Published Date:March 10, 2011

Technophiles who have been dreaming of mobile devices that run longer on lighter, slimmer batteries may soon find their wish has been granted.

Published Date: March 10, 2011


Real March Madness is relying on seedings to determine Final Four

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:March 8, 2011

Think picking all the top-seeded teams as the Final Four in your March Madness bracket is your best bet for winning the office pool? Think again.

Published Date: March 8, 2011


Stretchable balloon electronics get to the heart of cardiac medicine

Author: Liz Ahlberg

Published Date:March 7, 2011

Cardiologists may soon be able to place sensitive electronics inside their patients hearts with minimal invasiveness, enabling more sophisticated and efficient diagnosis and treatment of arrhythmias.

Published Date: March 7, 2011


New technique reveals more about DNA proteins

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:March 2, 2011

Illinois researchers have combined two molecular imaging technologies to create an instrument with incredible sensitivity that provides new, detailed insight into dynamic molecular processes.

Published Date: March 2, 2011


Simpler way of making proteins could lead to new nanomedicine agents

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:February 22, 2011

Researchers have developed a simple method of making short protein chains with spiral structures that can also dissolve in water, two desirable traits not often found together. Such structures could have applications as building blocks for self-assembling nanostructures and as agents for drug and gene delivery.

Published Date: February 22, 2011


Illinois chemistry professor Ryan C. Bailey named Sloan Fellow

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:February 16, 2011

University of Illinois chemistry professor Ryan C. Bailey has been selected to receive a 2011 Sloan Research Fellowship from the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation.

Published Date: February 16, 2011


Physicists isolate bound states in graphene superconductor junctions

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:February 14, 2011

Illinois researchers have documented the first observations of some unusual physics when two prominent electric materials are connected: superconductors and graphene.

Published Date: February 14, 2011


John A. Rogers elected to National Academy of Engineering

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:February 8, 2011

John A. Rogers, the Lee J. Flory-Founder Chair in Engineering at the University of Illinois, is among the 68 new members elected to the National Academy of Engineering.

Published Date: February 8, 2011


Triblock spheres provide a simple path to complex structures

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:January 19, 2011

University of Illinois materials scientists have developed a simple, generalizable technique to fabricate complex structures that assemble themselves.

Published Date: January 19, 2011


Chemists document workings of key staph enzyme and how to block it

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:January 18, 2011

Researchers have determined the structure and mechanism of an enzyme that performs the crucial first step in the formation of cholesterol and a key virulence factor in staph bacteria.

Published Date: January 18, 2011


Self-assembling structures open door to new class of materials

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:January 13, 2011

Researchers at the University of Illinois and Northwestern University have demonstrated bio-inspired structures that self-assemble from simple building blocks: spheres.

Published Date: January 13, 2011


Illinois mathematician elected fellow of AAAS

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:January 11, 2011

A University of Illinois mathematician has been elected a 2011 Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

Published Date: January 11, 2011


Study estimates land available for biofuel crops

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:January 10, 2011

Using detailed land analysis, Illinois researchers have found that biofuel crops cultivated on available land could produce up to half of the worlds current fuel consumption without affecting food crops or pastureland.

Published Date: January 10, 2011


Newly developed cloak hides underwater objects from sonar

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:January 5, 2011

In one University of Illinois lab, invisibility is a matter of now you hear it, now you dont. Led by mechanical science and engineering professor Nicholas Fang, Illinois researchers have demonstrated an acoustic cloak, a technology that renders underwater objects invisible to sonar and other ultrasound waves.

Published Date: January 5, 2011


New method for making tiny catalysts holds promise for air quality

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:December 15, 2010

Fortified with iron: Its not just for breakfast cereal anymore. University of Illinois researchers have demonstrated a simpler method of adding iron to tiny carbon spheres to create catalytic materials that have the potential to remove contaminants from gas or liquid. Civil and environmental engineering professor Mark Rood, graduate student John Atkinson and their team described their technique in the journal Carbon.

Published Date: December 15, 2010


Soft substrate promotes pluripotent stem cell culture

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:December 15, 2010

University of Illinois researchers have found a key to keeping stem cells in their neutral state: It takes a soft touch.

Published Date: December 15, 2010


New imaging technique accurately finds cancer cells, fast

Author: Liz Ahlberg

Published Date:November 24, 2010

The long, anxious wait for biopsy results could soon be over, thanks to a tissue-imaging technique developed at the University of Illinois.

Published Date: November 24, 2010


Microsensors offer first look at whether cell mass affects growth rate

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:November 15, 2010

University of Illinois researchers are using a new kind of microsensor to answer one of the weightiest questions in biology the relationship between cell mass and growth rate.

Published Date: November 15, 2010


Grasses have potential as alternate ethanol crop,Illinois study finds

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:November 1, 2010

Money may not grow on trees, but energy could grow in grass. Researchers at the University of Illinois have completed the first extensive geographic yield and economic analysis of potential bioenergy grass crops in the Midwestern United States.

Published Date: November 1, 2010


Researchers to develop cyberinfrastructure for geography software

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:October 28, 2010

The National Science Foundation has awarded $4.4 million to an initiative led by the University of Illinois that will combine cyberinfrastructure, spatial analysis and modeling, and geographic information science to form a collaborative software framework encompassing many research fields.

Published Date: October 28, 2010


Sniffing out shoe bombs: A new and simple sensor for explosive chemicals

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:October 19, 2010

University of Illinois chemists have developed a simple sensor to detect an explosive used in shoe bombs. It could lead to inexpensive, easy-to-use devices for luggage and passenger screening at airports and elsewhere.

Published Date: October 19, 2010


U. of I. physicist named Packard Fellow in Science and Engineering

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:October 15, 2010

University of Illinois physics professor Benjamin Lev has been named a Packard Fellow in science and engineering. He is among 17 early career researchers honored by the David and Lucille Packard Foundation in 2010 for outstanding creative research.

Published Date: October 15, 2010


Can you analyze me now? Cell phones bring spectroscopy to the classroom

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:October 7, 2010

University of Illinois chemistry professor Alexander Scheeline wants to see high school students using their cell phones in class. Not for texting or surfing the Web, but as an analytical chemistry instrument.

Published Date: October 7, 2010


New findings about wind farms could lead to expanding their use

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:October 5, 2010

ind power is likely to play a large role in the future of sustainable, clean energy, but wide-scale adoption has remained elusive. Now, researchers have found wind farms effects on local temperatures and proposed strategies for mediating those effects, increasing the potential to expand wind farms to a utility-scale energy resource.

Published Date: October 5, 2010


A shot to the heart: Nanoneedle delivers quantum dots to cell nucleus

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:September 27, 2010

Getting an inside look at the center of a cell can be as easy as a needle prick, thanks to University of Illinois researchers who have developed a tiny needle to deliver a shot right to a cells nucleus.

Published Date: September 27, 2010


Head of National Academy of Sciences to kick off memorial lecture series

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:September 9, 2010

Ralph Cicerone, the president of the National Academy of Sciences, will give the inaugural lecture Monday (Sept. 13) in a series honoring the late Charles David Keeling, an analytical chemist who measured atmospheric carbon dioxide with great precision.

Published Date: September 9, 2010


Satellite data reveal seasonal pollution changes over India

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:September 7, 2010

Armed with a decades worth of satellite data, University of Illinois atmospheric scientists have documented some surprising trends in aerosol pollution concentration, distribution and composition over the Indian subcontinent.

Published Date: September 7, 2010


Researchers advance understanding of enzyme that regulates DNA

Author: Liz Ahlberg

Published Date:August 20, 2010

Thanks to a single-molecule imaging technique developed by a University of Illinois professor, researchers have revealed the mechanisms of an important DNA-regulating enzyme.

Published Date: August 20, 2010


Four University of Illinois professors elected ACS fellows

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:August 4, 2010

Four University of Illinois chemistry professors are among the 192 distinguished scientists elected 2010 fellows of the American Chemical Society. Peter Beak, Theodore Brown, Jeffrey Moore and Kenneth Suslick were recognized by their peers for their outstanding contributions to the field of chemistry and to ACS.

Published Date: August 4, 2010


Small wires make big connections for microelectronics

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:July 15, 2010

University of Illinois engineers have developed a novel direct-writing method for manufacturing metal interconnects that could shrink integrated circuits and expand microelectronics.

Published Date: July 15, 2010


Engineering could give reconstructive surgery a face-lift

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:July 12, 2010

Facial reconstruction patients may soon have the option of custom-made bone replacements optimized for both form and function, thanks to researchers at the University of Illinois and the Ohio State University Medical Center.

Published Date: July 12, 2010


Floating oil skimmer model removes oil more efficiently; prototype next

Author: Sharita Forrest, News Editor

Published Date:July 7, 2010

A researcher at the University of Illinois is developing a floating oil skimmer that removes oil from the surface of water more efficiently than existing skimmers and, when it becomes available, could help clean up oil spills such as the disaster in the Gulf of Mexico caused by the explosion of the Deepwater Horizon drilling rig.

Published Date: July 7, 2010


Pop goes the plasma: Extreme conditions inside imploding bubbles

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:June 28, 2010

High-intensity ultrasound waves traveling through liquid leave bubbles in their wake. Under the right conditions, these bubbles implode spectacularly, emitting light and reaching very high temperatures, a phenomenon called sonoluminescence. Researchers have observed imploding bubble conditions so hot that the gas inside the bubbles ionizes into plasma, but quantifying the temperature and pressure properties has been elusive.

Published Date: June 28, 2010


Semiconductor manufacturing technique holds promise for solar energy

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:May 19, 2010

Thanks to a new semiconductor manufacturing method pioneered at the University of Illinois, the future of solar energy just got brighter.

Published Date: May 19, 2010


Redefining electrical current law with the transistor laser

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:May 12, 2010

While the laws of physics werent made to be broken, sometimes they need revision. A major current law has been rewritten thanks to the three-port transistor laser, developed by Milton Feng and Nick Holonyak Jr. at the University of Illinois.

Published Date: May 12, 2010


New microscopy technique reveals mechanics of blood cell membranes

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:April 28, 2010

Thanks to an interdisciplinary team of researchers, scientists now have a more complete understanding of one of the human bodys most vital structures: the red blood cell.

Published Date: April 28, 2010


Illinois professor elected to National Academy of Sciences

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:April 27, 2010

Nigel Goldenfeld has been elected to membership in the National Academy of Sciences. Goldenfeld is the Swanlund Professor of Physics at the University of Illinois.

Published Date: April 27, 2010


Two Illinois professors elected to American Academy of Arts and Sciences

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:April 20, 2010

University of Illinois professors Nigel Goldenfeld and Martin Gruebele are among 229 new members named to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.

Published Date: April 20, 2010


Printed origami offers new technique for small, complex structures

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:April 14, 2010

Although it looks small and unassuming, the tiny origami crane sitting in a sample dish in University of Illinois professor Jennifer Lewis lab heralds a new method for creating complex three-dimensional structures for biocompatible devices, microscaffolding and other microsystems. The penny-sized titanium bird began as a printed sheet of titanium hydride ink.

Published Date: April 14, 2010


Flexible electronics could help put off-beat hearts back on rhythm

Published Date:March 24, 2010

Arrhythmic hearts soon may beat in time again, with minimal surgical invasion, thanks to flexible electronics technology developed by a team of University of Illinois researchers, in collaboration with the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine and Northwestern University. These biocompatible silicon devices could mark the beginning of a new wave of surgical electronics.

Published Date: March 24, 2010


Expert: Bracket seedings irrelevant after Sweet Sixteen round

Author: Phil Ciciora, News Editor

Published Date:March 15, 2010

For the average college basketball fan looking for an edge in a March Madness office pool, a University of Illinois expert in statistics and data analysis has some advice on how to pick winners: After the Sweet Sixteen round of play, ignore a teams seeding, which is a statistically insignificant predictor of a teams chances of winning.

Published Date: March 15, 2010


Long polymer chains dance the conga

Author: Liz Ahlberg

Published Date:March 15, 2010

Understanding the steps to the intricate dance inside a cell is essential to one day choreographing the show. By studying the molecules that give a cell its structure, University of Illinois researchers are moving closer to understanding one of those steps: the conga line.

Published Date: March 15, 2010


New teaching tools aid visually impaired students in learning math

Author: Sharita Forrest, Arts Editor

Published Date:March 15, 2010

Mastering mathematics can be daunting for many children, but researchers have found that children with visual impairments face disproportionate challenges learning math, and by the time they reach the college level, they are significantly under-represented in science, technology, mathematics and engineering disciplines.

Published Date: March 15, 2010


New technique allows study of protein folding, dynamics in living cells

Author: Phil Ciciora, News Editor

Published Date:March 1, 2010

A new technique to study protein dynamics in living cells has been created by a team of University of Illinois scientists, and evidence yielded from the new method indicates that an in vivo environment strongly modulates a proteins stability and folding rate, according to research accepted for publication in the journal Nature Methods and posted on the journals Web site Feb. 28.

Published Date: March 1, 2010


Deluge of scientific data needs to be curated for long-term use

Author: Phil Ciciora, News Editor

Published Date:February 24, 2010

With the world awash in information, curating all the scientifically relevant bits and bytes is an important task, especially given digital datas increasing importance as the raw materials for new scientific discoveries, an expert in information science at the University of Illinois says.

Published Date: February 24, 2010


Illinois professor elected to National Academy of Engineering

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:February 18, 2010

William D. Gropp has been elected to membership in the National Academy of Engineering. Gropp is the Paul and Cynthia Saylor Professor of Computer Science at the University of Illinois.

Published Date: February 18, 2010


Two University of Illinois faculty members earn 2010 Sloan Fellowships

Author: Liz Ahlberg, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:February 18, 2010

Two University of Illinois faculty members have been selected to receive 2010 Sloan Research Fellowships from the Alfred P. Sloan foundation: Yann R. Chemla, a professor of physics, and Karrie Karahalios, a professor of computer science.

Published Date: February 18, 2010


New visible light photocatalyst kills bacteria, even after light turned off

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:January 19, 2010

In the battle against bacteria, researchers at the University of Illinois have developed a powerful new weapon an enhanced photocatalytic disinfection process that uses visible light to destroy harmful bacteria and viruses, even in the dark.

Published Date: January 19, 2010


Synthetic protein mimics structure, function of metalloprotein

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:December 10, 2009

Scientists have designed a synthetic protein that is both a structural model and a functional model of a native protein, nitric-oxide reductase.

Published Date: December 10, 2009


Water droplets direct self-assembly process in thin-film materials

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:November 23, 2009

You can think of it as origami. very high-tech origami. Researchers at the University of Illinois have developed a technique for fabricating three-dimensional, single-crystalline silicon structures from thin films by coupling photolithography and a self-folding process driven by capillary interactions.

Published Date: November 23, 2009


Technique finds gene regulatory sites without knowledge of regulators

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:November 19, 2009

A new statistical technique developed by researchers at the University of Illinois allows scientists to scan a genome for specific gene-regulatory regions without requiring prior knowledge of the relevant transcription factors.

Published Date: November 19, 2009


Mimicking nature, scientists can now extend redox potentials

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:November 4, 2009

New insight into how nature handles some fundamental processes is guiding researchers in the design of tailor-made proteins for applications such as artificial photosynthetic centers, long-range electron transfers, and fuel-cell catalysts for energy conversion.

Published Date: November 4, 2009


Opto-electronic nose sniffs out toxic gases

Author: Ken Suslick, Professor of Chemistry

Published Date:September 14, 2009

As reported in the Sept. 13 issue of the journal Nature Chemistry, Ken Suslick and his team at the University of Illinois have developed an artificial nose for the general detection of toxic industrial chemicals (TICs) that is simple, fast and inexpensive and works by visualizing odors. This sensor array could be useful in detecting high exposures to chemicals that pose serious health risks in the workplace or through accidental exposure.

Published Date: September 14, 2009


Researchers to explore sacred Maya pools of Belize

Author: Diana Yates, Life Sciences Editor

Published Date:September 9, 2009

A team of expert divers, a geochemist and an archaeologist will be the first to explore the sacred pools of the southern Maya lowlands in rural Belize. The expedition, made possible with a grant from the National Geographic Society and led by a University of Illinois archaeologist, will investigate the cultural significance and environmental history and condition of three of the 23 pools of Cara Blanca, in central Belize.

Published Date: September 9, 2009


Study: Scientists' strategic reading of research enhanced by digital tools

Author: Phil Ciciora, News Editor

Published Date:August 18, 2009

Allen H. Renear and Carole L. Palmer, professors of library and information science at Illinois, say that as techniques originally designed to organize and share scientific data are integrated into scientific publishing, scientists' long-standing practice of reading "strategically" will be dramatically enhanced.

Published Date: August 18, 2009


Listening to rocks helps researchers better understand earthquakes

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:August 17, 2009

From the pounding of the surf and the rumbling of thunder, to the gentle rustling of leaves, Earth is not a quiet planet. The key is knowing how to listen to the ever-present ambient noise.

Published Date: August 17, 2009


Better tools for manipulating DNA in the laboratory may soon be possible with newly discovered deoxyribozymes (catalytic DNA) capable of cleaving single-stranded DNA, say Scott Silverman and other researchers at the University of Illinois.

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:August 17, 2009

Better tools for manipulating DNA in the laboratory may soon be possible with newly discovered deoxyribozymes (catalytic DNA) capable of cleaving single-stranded DNA, researchers at the University of Illinois say.

Published Date: August 17, 2009


Midwest experts agree on recommendations for nuclear waste storage

Author: Craig Chamberlain

Published Date:August 10, 2009

Nuclear engineer Clifford Singer is one of three writers of a report, produced by the Program in Arms Control, Disarmament and International Security at the University of Illinois that calls for creating specific institutions, funds and financial incentives to manage spent nuclear fuel.

Published Date: August 10, 2009


Rethinking Brownian motion with the emperor's new clothes

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:July 27, 2009

In the classic fairy tale, “The Emperor’s New Clothes,” Hans Christian Andersen uses the eyes of a child to challenge conventional wisdom and help others to see more clearly. In similar fashion, researchers at the University of Illinois have now revealed the naked truth about a classic bell-shaped curve used to describe the motion of a liquid as it diffuses through another material.

Published Date: July 27, 2009


Flexible neck in cell-receptor DC-SIGN targets more pathogens

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:July 14, 2009

New findings from a research team led by University of Illinois chemist Deborah Leckband show that flexibility in the region near the binding sites of DC-SIGN plays a significant role in pathogen targeting and binding.

Published Date: July 14, 2009


First acoustic metamaterial 'superlens' created by U. of I. researchers

Author: Phil Ciciora, News Editor

Published Date:June 24, 2009

A team of researchers at the University of Illinois has created the world’s first acoustic “superlens,” an innovation that could have practical implications for high-resolution ultrasound imaging, non-destructive structural testing of buildings and bridges, and novel underwater stealth technology.

Published Date: June 24, 2009


Unlike rubber bands, molecular bonds may not break faster when pulled

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:June 17, 2009

Research led by chemistry professor Roman Boulatov contradicts the intuitive notion that molecules – like rubber bands – break faster when pulled.

Published Date: June 17, 2009


Scientists break light modulation speed record – twice

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:June 15, 2009

Researchers have constructed a light-emitting transistor that has set a new record with a signal-processing modulation speed of 4.3 gigahertz, breaking the previous record of 1.7 gigahertz held by a light-emitting diode.

Published Date: June 15, 2009


Aluminum-oxide nanopore beats other materials for DNA analysis

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:June 2, 2009

Fast and affordable genome sequencing has moved a step closer with a new solid-state nanopore sensor being developed by researchers at the University of Illinois.

Published Date: June 2, 2009


Faster protein folding achieved through nanosecond pressure jump

Author: Phil Ciciora, News Editor

Published Date:June 1, 2009

A new method to induce protein folding by taking the pressure off of proteins is up to 100 times faster than previous methods, and could help guide more accurate computer simulations for how complex proteins fold, according to research by a team of University of Illinois scientists.

Published Date: June 1, 2009


Evidence of macroscopic quantum tunneling detected in nanowires

Author: Phil Ciciora, News Editor

Published Date:May 27, 2009

Researchers at Illinois have demonstrated that an entire collection of superconducting electrons in an ultrathin superconducting wire is able to “tunnel” as a pack from a state with a higher electrical current to one with a notably lower current, providing more evidence of the phenomenon of macroscopic quantum tunneling.

Published Date: May 27, 2009


Synthetic catalyst mimics nature's 'hydrogen economy'

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:May 18, 2009

By creating a model of the active site found in a naturally occurring enzyme, chemists at the University of Illinois have described a catalyst that acts like nature’s most pervasive hydrogen processor.

Published Date: May 18, 2009


See the force: Mechanical stress leads to self-sensing in solid polymers

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:May 6, 2009

Parachute cords, climbing ropes, and smart coatings for bridges that change color when overstressed are several possible uses for force-sensitive polymers being developed by researchers at the University of Illinois.

Published Date: May 6, 2009


Nanoneedle is small in size, but huge in applications

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:April 28, 2009

Researchers at the University of Illinois have developed a membrane-penetrating nanoneedle for the targeted delivery of one or more molecules into the cytoplasm or the nucleus of living cells. In addition to ferrying tiny amounts of cargo, the nanoneedle can also be used as an electrochemical probe and as an optical biosensor.

Published Date: April 28, 2009


Self-assembled nanowires could make chips smaller and faster

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:April 20, 2009

Researchers at the University of Illinois have found a new way to make transistors smaller and faster. The technique uses self-assembled, self-aligned, and defect-free nanowire channels made of gallium arsenide.

Published Date: April 20, 2009


Researchers study signaling networks that set up genetic code

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:April 14, 2009

In a new study, researchers at the University of Illinois have identified and visualized the signaling pathways in protein-RNA complexes that help set the genetic code in all organisms. The genetic code allows information stored in DNA to be translated into proteins.

Published Date: April 14, 2009


New molecular force probe stretches molecules, atom by atom

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:March 30, 2009

Chemists at the University of Illinois have created a simple and inexpensive molecular technique that replaces an expensive atomic force microscope for studying what happens to small molecules when they are stretched or compressed.

Published Date: March 30, 2009


Rotation is key to understanding volcanic plumes, scientists say

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:March 25, 2009

A 200-year-old report by a sea captain and a stunning photograph of the 2008 eruption of Mount Chaiten are helping scientists at the University of Illinois better understand strong volcanic plumes.

Published Date: March 25, 2009


New drug agent knocks out multiple enzymes in cancer pathway

Author: Diana Yates, Life Sciences Editor

Published Date:March 25, 2009

University of Illinois chemistry department researchers have engineered a new bisphosphonate drug that is about 200 times more effective at killing cancer cells than a bisphosphonate drug used in a recent clinical trial.

Published Date: March 25, 2009


Ridesharing can be made into more attractive cost-saver, study shows

Author: Phil Ciciora, News Editor

Published Date:January 5, 2009

The benefits of ridesharing – aka car-pooling – are well known: less traffic, less wear on roads and less fuel consumed, and the ability to engage in pre-office-hours water-cooler talk that can be accomplished without the water cooler.

Published Date: January 5, 2009


Answers to huge wind-farm problems are blowin' in the wind

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:December 15, 2008

While harnessing more energy from the wind could help satisfy growing demands for electricity and reduce emissions of global-warming gases, turbulence from proposed wind farms could adversely affect the growth of crops in the surrounding countryside.

Published Date: December 15, 2008


Scientists fool bacteria into killing themselves to survive

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:December 15, 2008

Like firemen fighting fire with fire, researchers at the University of Illinois and the University of Massachusetts at Amherst have found a way to fool a bacteria’s evolutionary machinery into programming its own death.

Published Date: December 15, 2008


Liquid or solid? Charged nanoparticles in lipid membrane decide

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:November 10, 2008

Like water and ice cubes mixed in a glass, a group of organic compounds called lipids can coexist as liquid and solid in membranes. This patchiness in phospholipid membranes is fundamental to their use as biomolecules and biosensors. Using charged nanoparticles, researchers at the University of Illinois have found a new way to stimulate patchiness in phospholipid membranes.

Published Date: November 10, 2008


U. of I., Singapore establishing information technology center

Author: Robin Kaler, associate chancellor for public affairs

Published Date:October 21, 2008

The University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and the Agency for Science, Technology and Research, or A*STAR, a Singapore government agency that oversees 22 research institutes, consortia and centers, are establishing a major research center in Singapore. The Advanced Digital Sciences Center will be focused on breakthrough innovations in information technology that are expected to have a major impact in transforming human beings’ utilization of information technology.

Published Date: October 21, 2008


New recipe for self-healing plastic includes dash of food additive

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:October 15, 2008

Adding a food additive to damaged polymers can help restore them to full strength, say scientists at the University of Illinois who cooked up the novel, self-healing system.

Published Date: October 15, 2008


Under pressure at the nanoscale, polymers play by different rules

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:October 2, 2008

Scientists putting the squeeze on thin films of polystyrene have discovered that at very short length scales the polymer doesn’t play by the rules.

Published Date: October 2, 2008


Photonic crystal biosensors detect protein-DNA interactions

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:September 23, 2008

Scientists at the University of Illinois have developed a new class of disposable, microplate-based optical biosensors capable of detecting protein-DNA interactions. Based on the properties of photonic crystals, the biosensors are suitable for the rapid identification of inhibitors of protein-nucleic acid and protein-protein interactions.

Published Date: September 23, 2008


Step right up, let the computer look at your face and tell you your age

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:September 23, 2008

People who hope to keep their age a secret won’t want to go near a computer running this software. Like an age-guesser at a carnival, computer software being developed at the University of Illinois can fairly accurately estimate a person’s age. But, unlike age-guessers, who can view a person’s body, the software works by examining only the person’s face.

Published Date: September 23, 2008


Simulations help explain fast water transport in nanotubes

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:September 16, 2008

By discovering the physical mechanism behind the rapid transport of water in carbon nanotubes, scientists at the University of Illinois have moved a step closer to ultra-efficient, next-generation nanofluidic devices for drug delivery, water purification and nano-manufacturing.

Published Date: September 16, 2008


Researchers work to improve technology as athletes head to paralympics

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:September 3, 2008

A group of aerospace engineering students were working to improve the Olympics-bound wheelchair athletes’ racing speeds as the athletes themselves worked to increase their speed.

Published Date: September 3, 2008


Improved technique determines structure in membrane proteins

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:August 18, 2008

Understanding the form and function of certain proteins in the human body is becoming faster and easier, thanks to the work of researchers at the University of Illinois.

Published Date: August 18, 2008


Stretchable silicon camera next step to artificial retina

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:August 6, 2008

By combining stretchable optoelectronics and biologically inspired design, scientists have created a remarkable imaging device, with a layout based on the human eye.

Published Date: August 6, 2008


Water is 'designer fluid' that helps proteins change shape, scientists say

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:August 6, 2008

According to new research, old ideas about water behavior are all wet. Ubiquitous on Earth, water also has been found in comets, on Mars and in molecular clouds in interstellar space. Now, scientists say this common fluid is not as well understood as we thought.

Published Date: August 6, 2008


Killer pulses help characterize special surfaces

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:July 29, 2008

Detecting deadly fumes in subways, toxic gases in chemical spills, and hidden explosives in baggage is becoming easier and more efficient with a measurement technique called surface-enhanced Raman scattering. To further improve the technique’s sensitivity, scientists must design better scattering surfaces, and more effective ways of evaluating them.

Published Date: July 29, 2008


Researchers catch ion channels in their opening act

Author: Kaushik Ragunathan

Published Date:July 9, 2008

Each thought or action sends a million electrical signals pulsing through your body. At the heart of the process of generating these electrical impulses is the ion channel. A new study by researchers from the University of Illinois measures movements smaller than one-billionth of a meter in ion channels. This movement is critical to how these tiny pores in the cell membrane open and close in response to changes in voltage across the membrane. The findings appear this week in the journal Neuron.

Published Date: July 9, 2008


Silicon photonic crystals key to optical cloaking, researchers say

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:June 25, 2008

Now you see it, soon you might not, researchers at the University of Illinois say. In computer simulations, the researchers have demonstrated an approximate cloaking effect created by concentric rings of silicon photonic crystals. The mathematical proof brings scientists a step closer to a practical solution for optical cloaking.

Published Date: June 25, 2008


Iron 'snow' helps maintain Mercury's magnetic field, scientists say

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:May 7, 2008

New scientific evidence suggests that deep inside the planet Mercury, iron “snow” forms and falls toward the center of the planet, much like snowflakes form in Earth’s atmosphere and fall to the ground.

Published Date: May 7, 2008


Copper nanowires grown by new process create long-lasting displays

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:April 28, 2008

A new low-temperature, catalyst-free technique for growing copper nanowires has been developed by researchers at the University of Illinois. The copper nanowires could serve as interconnects in electronic device fabrication and as electron emitters in a television-like, very thin flat-panel display known as a field-emission display.

Published Date: April 28, 2008


Foldable and stretchable, silicon circuits conform to many shapes

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:March 27, 2008

ientists have developed a new form of stretchable silicon integrated circuit that can wrap around complex shapes such as spheres, body parts and aircraft wings, and can operate during stretching, compressing, folding and other types of extreme mechanical deformations, without a reduction in electrical performance.

Published Date: March 27, 2008


New technique could dramatically lower costs of DNA sequencing

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:December 12, 2007

Using computer simulations, researchers at the University of Illinois have demonstrated a strategy for sequencing DNA by driving the molecule back and forth through a nanopore capacitor in a semiconductor chip. The technique could lead to a device that would read human genomes quickly and affordably.

Published Date: December 12, 2007


New model revises estimates of terrestrial carbon dioxide uptake

Author: Diana Yates, LIfe Sciences Editor

Published Date:December 10, 2007

Researchers at the University of Illinois have developed a new model of global carbon and nitrogen cycling that will fundamentally transform the understanding of how plants and soils interact with a changing atmosphere and climate.

Published Date: December 10, 2007


Astronomers find stellar cradle where planets form

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:November 29, 2007

Astronomers at the University of Illinois have found the first clear evidence for a cradle in space where planets and moons form. The cradle, revealed in photographs taken with NASA's Spitzer Space Telescope, consists of a flattened envelope of gas and dust surrounding a young protostar.

Published Date: November 29, 2007


Catalyst-free chemistry makes self-healing materials more practical

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:November 27, 2007

A new catalyst-free, self-healing material system developed by researchers at the University of Illinois offers a far less expensive and far more practical way to repair composite materials used in structural applications ranging from airplane fuselages to wind-farm propeller blades.

Published Date: November 27, 2007


The key to unlocking the secret of highly specific DNAzyme catalysis

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:November 12, 2007

Using an extremely sensitive measurement technique, researchers at the University of Illinois have found clear evidence that a lead-specific DNAzyme uses the "lock and key" reaction mechanism. In the presence of zinc or magnesium, however, the same DNAzyme uses the "induced fit" reaction mechanism, similar to that used by ribozymes.

Published Date: November 12, 2007


Measurements link magma melting rate to tectonic plate subduction rate

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:November 8, 2007

Determining the origin and rate of magma production in subduction zone volcanoes is essential to understanding the formation of continental crust and the recycling of subducted materials back into Earth's mantle.

Published Date: November 8, 2007


Scientists discover new way to make water

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:October 31, 2007

In a familiar high-school chemistry demonstration, an instructor first uses electricity to split liquid water into its constituent gases, hydrogen and oxygen. Then, by combining the two gases and igniting them with a spark, the instructor changes the gases back into water with a loud pop.

Published Date: October 31, 2007


Home computers to help researchers better understand universe

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:October 24, 2007

Want to help unravel the mysteries of the universe? A new distributed computing project designed by a University of Illinois researcher allows people around the world to participate in cutting-edge cosmology research by donating their unused computing cycles.

Published Date: October 24, 2007


Uranium isotope ratios are not invariant, researchers show

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:October 23, 2007

For years, the ratio of uranium's two long-lived isotopes, U-235 and U-238, has been considered invariant, despite measurements made in the mid-1970s that hinted otherwise. Now, with improved precision from state-of-the-art instrumentation, researchers at the University of Illinois unequivocally show this ratio actually does vary significantly in Earth materials.

Published Date: October 23, 2007


New force-fluorescence device measures motion previously undetectable

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:October 11, 2007

A hybrid device combining force and fluorescence developed by researchers at the University of Illinois has made possible the accurate detection of nanometer-scale motion of biomolecules caused by pico-newton forces.

Published Date: October 11, 2007


Silicon nanoparticles enhance performance of solar cells

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:August 20, 2007

Placing a film of silicon nanoparticles onto a silicon solar cell can boost power, reduce heat and prolong the cell's life, researchers now report.

Published Date: August 20, 2007


Frigid Enceladus: an unlikely harbor for life

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:August 14, 2007

A new model of Saturn's icy moon Enceladus may quell hopes of finding life there. Developed by researchers at the University of Illinois, the model explains the most salient observations on Enceladus without requiring the presence of liquid water.

Published Date: August 14, 2007


Quantum analog of Ulam's conjecture can guide molecules, reactions

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:August 7, 2007

Like navigating spacecraft through the solar system by means of gravity and small propulsive bursts, researchers can guide atoms, molecules and chemical reactions by utilizing the forces that bind nuclei and electrons into molecules (analogous to gravity) and by using light for propulsion. But, knowing the minimal amount of light required, and how that amount changes with the complexity of the molecule, has been a problem.

Published Date: August 7, 2007


New oxidation methods streamline synthesis of important compounds

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:August 2, 2007

One of the fundamental challenges facing organic synthesis in the 21st century is the need to significantly increase the efficiency with which carbon frameworks can be constructed and functionalized. Chemists at the University of Illinois are helping to meet this challenge by developing a class of carbon-hydrogen catalysts that are highly selective, reactive and tolerant of other functionality.

Published Date: August 2, 2007


New protein synthesis not essential to memory formation

Author: Diana Yates, Life Sciences Editor

Published Date:July 26, 2007

New research from the University of Illinois challenges the premise that the brain must build new proteins in response to an experience for that experience to be recorded in long-term memory.

Published Date: July 26, 2007


New particle explains odd behavior in cuprate superconductors

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:July 17, 2007

New fundamental particles aren't found only at Fermilab and at other particle accelerators. They also can be found hiding in plain pieces of ceramic, scientists at the University of Illinois report.

Published Date: July 17, 2007


Researchers use new approach to predict protein function

Author: Diana Yates, Life Sciences Editor

Published Date:July 11, 2007

In a paper published online this month in the journal Nature Chemical Biology, researchers report that they have developed a way to determine the function of some of the hundreds of thousands of proteins for which amino acid sequence data are available, but whose structure and function remain unknown.

Published Date: July 11, 2007


Illinois educators to gain skills at U. of I. to improve chemistry education

Author: Trish Barker, Naional Center for Supercomputing Applications

Published Date:June 11, 2007

More than 50 educators from rural school districts across Illinois will gather at the National Center for Supercomputing Applications at the University of Illinois for a two-week summer institute, June 18-29.

Published Date: June 11, 2007


Simulations unravel outer membrane transport mechanism

Author: Diana Yates, Life Sciences Editor

Published Date:June 5, 2007

Using X-ray data and advanced computer simulation and visualization software, researchers at the University of Illinois have painstakingly modeled a critical part of a mechanism by which bacteria take up large molecules. Their findings provide a rare window on the complex interplay of proteins involved in the active transport of materials across cell membranes.

Published Date: June 5, 2007


In new statistical approach, data decide model

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:May 23, 2007

A data-driven computational approach developed by a University of Illinois statistician is revealing secrets about inner Earth and discovering unique gene expressions in fruit flies, zebra fish and other living organisms.

Published Date: May 23, 2007


Mechanoluminescence event yields novel emissions, reactions

Author: Diana Yates, Life Sciences Editor

Published Date:May 8, 2007

Researchers at the University of Illinois report that a new study of mechanoluminescence revealed extensive atomic and molecular spectral emission not previously seen in a mechanoluminescence event. The findings, which appear online this month in the Journal of the American Chemical Society, also include the first report of gas phase chemical reactions resulting from a mechanoluminescence event.

Published Date: May 8, 2007


New model describes avalanche behavior of superfluid helium

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:April 24, 2007

By utilizing ideas developed in disparate fields, from earthquake dynamics to random-field magnets, researchers at the University of Illinois have constructed a model that describes the avalanche-like, phase-slip cascades in the superflow of helium.

Published Date: April 24, 2007


Examination of radiation left from birth of universe could alter theories

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:April 2, 2007

Using relic radiation from the birth of the universe, astrophysicists at the University of Illinois have proposed a new way of measuring the fine-structure constant in the past, and comparing it with today.

Published Date: April 2, 2007


Examination of radiation left from birth of universe could alter theories

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:April 2, 2007

Using relic radiation from the birth of the universe, astrophysicists at the University of Illinois have proposed a new way of measuring the fine-structure constant in the past, and comparing it with today.

Published Date: April 2, 2007


Mechanics meets chemistry in new ways to manipulate matter

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:March 21, 2007

The inventors of self-healing plastic have come up with another invention: a new way of doing chemistry.

Published Date: March 21, 2007


Regardless of global warming, rising CO2 levels threaten marine life

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:March 8, 2007

Like a piece of chalk dissolving in vinegar, marine life with hard shells is in danger of being dissolved by increasing acidity in the oceans.

Published Date: March 8, 2007


Disposable sensor uses DNA to detect hazardous uranium ions

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:February 13, 2007

Researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have developed a simple, disposable sensor for detecting hazardous uranium ions, with sensitivity that rivals the performance of much more sophisticated laboratory instruments.

Published Date: February 13, 2007


Scientists use seismic waves to locate missing rock under Tibet

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:February 8, 2007

Geologists at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have located a huge chunk of Earth's lithosphere that went missing 15 million years ago. By finding the massive block of errant rock beneath Tibet, the researchers are helping solve a long-standing mystery, and clarifying how continents behave when they collide.

Published Date: February 8, 2007


Scientists identify molecular cause for one form of deafness

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:February 5, 2007

Scientists exploring the physics of hearing have found an underlying molecular cause for one form of deafness, and a conceptual connection between deafness and the organization of liquid crystals, which are used in flat-panel displays.

Published Date: February 5, 2007


Estrogen interferes with immune surveillance in breast cancer

Author: Diana Yates, Life Sciences Editor

Published Date:January 24, 2007

Estrogen is known to enhance the growth and migration of breast cancer cells. Now researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have found that estrogen also can shield breast cancer cells from immune cells.

Published Date: January 24, 2007


Superbubble of supernova remnants caught in act of forming

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:January 9, 2007

A superbubble in space, caught in the act of forming, can help scientists better understand the life and death of massive stars, say researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.

Published Date: January 9, 2007


Quasar light variability linked to black hole mass

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:January 8, 2007

Quasars are some of the most luminous and distant objects in the universe- and appear to have something in common with ordinary light bulbs, say researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and at the National Center for Supercomputing Applications.

Published Date: January 8, 2007


Scientists propose alternate model for plume on Enceladus

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:December 14, 2006

What's causing all the commotion on Enceladus?

Published Date: December 14, 2006


Fishbone deforestation pattern affecting environment, research shows

Author: Kristen Aramthanapon

Published Date:December 11, 2006

Researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign are studying the environmental impact that unique patterns of deforestation in Rondonia, Brazil, have on the land and climate.

Published Date: December 11, 2006


Researchers study role of natural organic matter in environment

Author: Kristen Aramthanapon

Published Date:December 11, 2006

The decomposition of plant, animal and microbial material in soil and water produces a variety of complex organic molecules, collectively called natural organic matter. These compounds play many important roles in the environment.

Published Date: December 11, 2006


'Encyclopedia of Stars' aimed at anyone who enjoys astronomy

Author: Laura Prusik, News Bureau

Published Date:December 7, 2006

An astronomy expert looking for in-depth research about stars can consult the same new reference book that an undergraduate freshman with a limited knowledge of astronomy might use.

Published Date: December 7, 2006


Cloning techniques produce FDA-approved antibiotic

Author: Kristen Aramthanapon, News Bureau

Published Date:November 27, 2006

The successful synthesis of an antibiotic in a non-native host has provided a team of researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign with the potential for developing new treatments for bacterial infections.

Published Date: November 27, 2006


Complex order parameter in ruthenate superconductors confirmed

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:November 27, 2006

Since it was discovered to be superconducting over a decade ago, the pairing symmetry of strontium ruthenium oxide has been widely explored and debated. Now, a team of researchers led by Dale Van Harlingen at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign say the debate is over.

Published Date: November 27, 2006


Scientists design simple dipstick test for cocaine, other drugs

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:November 13, 2006

Researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have developed a simple "dipstick" test for detecting cocaine and other drugs in saliva, urine or blood serum. The test is based upon DNA-gold nanoparticle technology, and can be packaged in user-friendly kits similar to those used for home pregnancy tests.

Published Date: November 13, 2006


Ultrasound generates intense mechanoluminescence, researchers report

Author: Kenneth S. Suslick, professor of chemistry

Published Date:November 9, 2006

Many people know that if you bite or break a Wint-O-Green Lifesaver in the dark, you will see a spark of green light. That light is called mechanoluminescence, also known as triboluminescence.

Published Date: November 9, 2006


Quantum coherence possible in incommensurate electronic systems

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:November 2, 2006

Researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have demonstrated that quantum coherence is possible in electronic systems that are incommensurate, thereby removing one obstacle in the development of quantum devices.

Published Date: November 2, 2006


Scientists discover two-component lantibiotic with therapeutic potential

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:October 30, 2006

The discovery and preparation of a naturally occurring antibiotic could open the door to new therapeutic drugs for treating nasty infections.

Published Date: October 30, 2006


Weight gain of U.S. drivers has increased nation's fuel consumption

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:October 24, 2006

As American waistlines have expanded since 1960, so has their consumption of gasoline, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and Virginia Commonwealth University say.

Published Date: October 24, 2006


New theory explains enhanced superconductivity in nanowires

Author: Kristen Aramthanapon

Published Date:October 18, 2006

Superconducting wires are used in magnetic resonance imaging machines, high-speed magnetic-levitation trains, and in sensitive devices that detect variations in the magnetic field of a brain. Eventually, ultra-narrow superconducting wires might be used in power lines designed to carry electrical energy long distances with little loss.

Published Date: October 18, 2006


Polarized particles join toolbox for building unique structures

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:October 12, 2006

Researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have created polarized, spherical particles that spontaneously self-assemble into clusters with specific shapes and distributions of electric charge. The polarized particles can be used in the directional self-assembly of intricate shapes and unique structures.

Published Date: October 12, 2006


Supernova radioisotopes show sun was born in star cluster, scientists say

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:October 4, 2006

The death of a massive nearby star billions of years ago offers evidence the sun was born in a star cluster, say astronomers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Rather than being an only child, the sun could have hundreds or thousands of celestial siblings, now dispersed across the heavens.

Published Date: October 4, 2006


Porous carbon sponges prepared by aerosol technique

Published Date:October 2, 2006

Since the discovery of buckyballs and carbon nanotubes, there has been intense interest inpreparing carbon materials of various morphologies and structures. Now, graduate student Sara E. Skrabalak and chemistry professor Kenneth S. Suslick at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have discovered a way to prepare porous carbon sponges by heating a chemical mist from an ordinary home humidifier.

Published Date: October 2, 2006


One protein, two channels: Scientists explain mechanism in aquaporins

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:September 21, 2006

Using computer simulations and experimental results, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and the University of Arizona have identified a key component of the gating mechanism in aquaporins that controls both the passage of water and the conduction of ions.

Published Date: September 21, 2006


Evolutionary software to be released free of charge

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:September 18, 2006

New software developed by researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign allows scientists to more effectively analyze and compare both sequence and structure data from a growing library of proteins and nucleic acids.

Published Date: September 18, 2006


New catalyst removes harmful perchlorate from groundwater

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:September 11, 2006

Scientists at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have developed a new chemical catalyst that uses hydrogen gas to efficiently remove and destroy harmful perchlorate in contaminated groundwater.

Published Date: September 11, 2006


Synthetic molecule causes cancer cells to self-destruct

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:August 28, 2006

Scientists have found a way to trick cancer cells into committing suicide. The novel technique potentially offers an effective method of providing personalized anti-cancer therapy.

Published Date: August 28, 2006


Recombination dynamics observed with single monomer resolution

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:August 10, 2006

Using a sensitive, single-molecule measurement technique, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have observed the life cycle of RecA, a protein that plays a major role in repairing damaged DNA.

Published Date: August 10, 2006


Watching rocks grow: Theory explains landscape of geothermal springs

Author: James Kloeppel, Science Editor

Published Date:July 5, 2006

Scientists at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have successfully modeled the spectacular landscapes seen at geothermal hot springs.

Published Date: July 5, 2006


Ring-like formations in drying DNA drops could affect hybridization studies

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:May 10, 2006

Coffee drinkers are familiar with the ring-shaped stains that result from spilled drops that have dried, in which the brown stain is not evenly distributed, but instead concentrated at the edge. Now, a team led by Gerard Wong, a professor of materials science and engineering, physics and bioengineering at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign has found the same "coffee-ring" formation in drying drops of DNA.

Published Date: May 10, 2006


Light-sensitive particles change chemistry at the flick of a switch

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:March 27, 2006

A light-sensitive, self-assembled monolayer that provides unique control over particle interactions has been developed by scientists at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Particles coated with the monolayer change their surface charge and chemistry upon exposure to ultraviolet light.

Published Date: March 27, 2006


Rare volcanic plumes create uncommonly dangerous ash flows

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:March 14, 2006

Three unique photographs of a recent volcanic eruption in a remote part of Ecuador show a plume unlike any previously documented, and hint at a newly recognized hazard, say scientists at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.

Published Date: March 14, 2006


Janus particles offer new physics, new technology

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:March 13, 2006

In Roman mythology, Janus was the god of change and transition, often portrayed with two faces gazing in opposite directions. At the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Janus particles are providing insight into the movement of molecules, and serving as the basis for new materials and sensors.

Published Date: March 13, 2006


Creation of antibiotic in test tube holds promise for better antibiotics

Author: Jim Barlow, Life Sciences Editor

Published Date:March 9, 2006

Scientists have made nisin, a natural antibiotic used for more than 40 years to preserve food, in a test tube using nature's toolbox. They also identified the structure of the enzyme that makes nisin and gives it its unique biological power.

Published Date: March 9, 2006


Nanoparticles create biocompatible capsules

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:March 6, 2006

An innovative strategy of mixing lipids and nanoparticles to produce new drug and agricultural materials and delivery vehicles has been developed by researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.

Published Date: March 6, 2006


New measurements prove myosin VI can act as molecular transporter

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:February 2, 2006

In living organisms, hundreds of different kinds of molecular motors perform a variety of essential, but little understood tasks that result in such actions as muscle contraction, cell division and the movement of materials within cells. Some motors act as transporters, some serve as anchors, and some may do both.

Published Date: February 2, 2006


Turbulence yields secrets to 73-year-old experiment

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:January 31, 2006

A simple but groundbreaking experiment performed more than 70 years ago finally has been explained by scientists at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. The solution sheds new light on fluid turbulence - the last major unsolved problem in classical physics.

Published Date: January 31, 2006


DNA-wrapped carbon nanotubes serve as sensors in living cells

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:January 26, 2006

Single walled carbon nanotubes wrapped with DNA can be placed inside living cells and detect trace amounts of harmful contaminants using near infrared light, report researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Their discovery opens the door to new types of optical sensors and biomarkers that exploit the unique properties of nanoparticles in living systems.

Published Date: January 26, 2006


Multi-wavelength images help astronomers study star birth, death

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:January 11, 2006

Black and white reproductions of Vincent van Gogh's "The Starry Night" lack the beauty and depth of the original oil painting. In a similar fashion, images of stars and galaxies composed of a single wavelength band cannot convey the wealth of information now accessible to astronomers.

Published Date: January 11, 2006


Polymer aids in blood clotting, pointing way to new treatment

Author: Jim Barlow, Life Sciences Editor, and Philip Lee Williams, University of Georgia

Published Date:January 9, 2006

A serendipitous comparison prompted by an old scientific image and involving an ancient but understudied molecule may lead to a new treatment strategy for injuries or illnesses in which blood clotting is paramount to survival.

Published Date: January 9, 2006


Researchers demonstrate single molecule absorption spectroscopy

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:December 20, 2005

A powerful new tool for probing molecular structure on surfaces has been developed by researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Single molecule absorption spectroscopy can enhance molecular analysis, surface manipulation and studies of molecular energy and reactivity at the atomic level.

Published Date: December 20, 2005


Global warming could halt ocean circulation, with harmful results

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:December 6, 2005

Absent any climate policy, scientists have found a 70 percent chance of shutting down the thermohaline circulation in the North Atlantic Ocean over the next 200 years, with a 45 percent probability of this occurring in this century. The likelihood decreases with mitigation, but even the most rigorous immediate climate policy would still leave a 25 percent chance of a thermohaline collapse.

Published Date: December 6, 2005


Climate models need deeper roots, scientists say

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:December 5, 2005

By soaking up moisture with their roots and later releasing it from their leaves, plants play an active role in regulating the climate. In fact, in vegetated ecosystems, plants are the primary channels that connect the soil to the atmosphere, with plant roots controlling the below-ground dynamics.

Published Date: December 5, 2005


Rivers on Titan, one of Saturn's moons, resemble those on earth

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:December 5, 2005

Recent evidence from the Huygens Probe of the Cassini Mission suggests that Titan, the largest moon orbiting Saturn, is a world where rivers of liquid methane sculpt channels in continents of ice. Surface images even show gravel-sized pieces of water ice that resemble rounded stones lying in a dry riverbed on Earth.

Published Date: December 5, 2005


Researchers solve one mystery of high-temperature superconductors

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:November 28, 2005

An experimental mystery - the origin of the insulating state in a class of materials known as doped Mott insulators - has been solved by researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. The solution helps explain the bizarre behavior of doped Mott insulators, such as high-temperature copper-oxide superconductors.

Published Date: November 28, 2005


Sisyphean movement of motor proteins may help preserve DNA integrity

Author: Jim Barlow, Life Sciences Editor

Published Date:October 27, 2005

Researchers studying how proteins called helicases travel along strands of DNA have found that when the proteins hit an obstacle they snap back to where they began, repeating the process over and over, possibly playing a preventative role in keeping the genome intact.

Published Date: October 27, 2005


Proofreading and error-correction in nanomaterials inspired by nature

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:October 18, 2005

Mimicking nature, a procedure developed by researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign can find and correct defects in self-assembled nanomaterials. The new proofreading and error-removal process is based on catalytic DNA and represents a paradigm shift in nanoscale science and engineering.

Published Date: October 18, 2005


Beneficial effects of no-till farming depend upon future climate change

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:October 12, 2005

By storing carbon in their fields through no-till farming practice, farmers can help countries meet targeted reductions in atmospheric carbon dioxide and reduce the harmful effects of global warming.

Published Date: October 12, 2005


Research advances understanding of how hydrogen fuel is made

Author: Jim Barlow, Life Sciences Editor

Published Date:October 5, 2005

Oxygen may be necessary for life, but it sure gets in the way of making hydrogen fuel cheaply and abundantly from a family of enzymes present in many microorganisms. Blocking oxygen's path to an enzyme's production machinery could lead to a renewable energy source that would generate only water as its waste product.

Published Date: October 5, 2005


Molecular research suggests shift needed in how drugs are created

Author: Jim Barlow, Life Sciences Editor

Published Date:October 3, 2005

The first close-up look at a pro-inflammatory signaling molecule involved in immune response in mammals suggests that researchers "should rethink what they are doing" in creating drugs based on a fruit-fly model, scientists say.

Published Date: October 3, 2005


Climate change will affect carbon sequestration in oceans, model shows

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:September 7, 2005

An Earth System model developed by researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign indicates that the best location to store carbon dioxide in the deep ocean will change with climate change.

Published Date: September 7, 2005


New techniques study the brain's chemistry, neuron by neuron

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:August 31, 2005

The human brain is composed of billions of cells, each a separate entity that communicates with others. The chemical interaction of those cells determines personality, controls behavior and encodes memory; but much remains to be understood.

Published Date: August 31, 2005


Earth's core rotates faster than its crust, scientists say

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:August 25, 2005

Scientists have ended a 9-year-old debate by proving that Earth's core rotates faster than its surface, by about 0.3 to 0.5 degree per year.

Published Date: August 25, 2005


'Cookbook recipes' would cure disease with nontoxic DNA delivery systems

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:August 10, 2005

Scientists studying the structure and interaction of negatively charged lipids and DNA molecules have created a "cookbook" for a class of nontoxic DNA delivery systems that will assist doctors and clinicians in the safe and effective delivery of genetic medicine.

Published Date: August 10, 2005


Cells direct membrane traffic by channel width, scientists say

Author: Jim Barlow, Life Sciences Editor

Published Date:August 10, 2005

For a glycerol molecule, a measly angstrom's difference in diameter is a road-closed sign: You can't squeeze through unless you are a sleek, water-molecule-sized sports car, say scientists at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.

Published Date: August 10, 2005


Catalyst support structures facilitate high-temperature fuel reforming

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:July 27, 2005

The catalytic reforming of liquid fuels offers an attractive solution to supplying hydrogen to fuel cells while avoiding the safety and storage issues related to gaseous hydrogen. Existing catalytic support structures, however, tend to break down at the high temperatures needed to prevent fouling of the catalytic surface by soot.

Published Date: July 27, 2005


Microreactor efficiently regenerates cofactors for biocatalysis

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:July 19, 2005

One of the longstanding challenges in the synthesis of pharmaceuticals, cosmetics and food additives is the continuous regeneration of molecules called cofactors that permit the synthesis through inexpensive and environmentally friendly biocatalytic processes.

Published Date: July 19, 2005


Illinois chemists spray their way to better catalysts

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:July 11, 2005

Using a technique called ultrasonic spray pyrolysis, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have created an improved catalyst for removing smelly sulfur-containing compounds from gasoline and other fossil fuels. The improved catalyst is a form of molybdenum disulfide, most commonly recognized as the black lubricant used to grease automobiles and machinery.

Published Date: July 11, 2005


Space shuttle Columbia's last flight formed clouds over Antarctica

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:July 6, 2005

A burst of mesospheric cloud activity over Antarctica in January 2003 was caused by the exhaust plume of the space shuttle Columbia during its final flight, reports a team of scientists who studied satellite and ground-based data from three different experiments. The data also call into question the role these clouds may play in monitoring global climate change.

Published Date: July 6, 2005


DNA constraints control structure of attached macromolecules

Published Date:June 28, 2005

A new method for manipulating macromolecules has been developed by researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. The technique uses double-stranded DNA to direct the behavior of other molecules.

Published Date: June 28, 2005


Strange' physics experiment is unraveling structure of proton

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:June 17, 2005

An international team of nuclear physicists has determined that particles called strange quarks do, indeed, contribute to the ordinary properties of the proton.

Published Date: June 17, 2005


Superconducting nanowires show ability to measure magnetic fields

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:June 16, 2005

By using DNA molecules as scaffolds, scientists have created superconducting nanodevices that demonstrate a new type of quantum interference and could be used to measure magnetic fields and map regions of superconductivity.

Published Date: June 16, 2005


Mount St. Helens: 25 years later

Author: Jim Barlow, News Bureau

Published Date:May 18, 2005

Twenty-five years ago today Mount St. Helens erupted in Washington state, prompting U. of I. graduate David Johnston of the U.S. Geological Survey to report "Vancouver, Vancouver, this is it" from inside his monitoring-station trailer. Johnston's body and trailer were never found; he was among 57 fatalities that day.

Published Date: May 18, 2005


By creating molecular 'bridge,' scientists change function of a protein

Author: Jim Barlow, Life Sciences Editor

Published Date:May 5, 2005

By designing a molecular bridge, scientists at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have forged a successful pathway through a complex ocean of barriers: They've changed the function of a protein using a co-evolution approach.

Published Date: May 5, 2005


Biosphere is source, not sink, for carbon dioxide emissions, study shows

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:April 25, 2005

Converting forests into croplands and pastures reduces carbon storage, say scientists who studied the impacts of human-induced change on terrestrial ecosystems. The study results have important implications for predicting carbon dioxide levels, and will help provide a more complete understanding of Earth's carbon cycle.

Published Date: April 25, 2005


Geologist digs deep - the Pito Deep, 6,000 meters beneath the ocean

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:April 21, 2005

Late last January, while most people were battling winter's cold and snow, University of Illinois structural geologist Stephen Hurst left for a monthlong cruise in the South Pacific. It was no vacation, though. Hurst joined a team of scientists, engineers and technicians who set sail from Easter Island to explore the Pito Deep, a rift in Earth's crust nearly 6,000 meters deep.

Published Date: April 21, 2005


Molecular motors cooperate in moving cellular cargo, study shows

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:April 7, 2005

Researchers using an extremely fast and accurate imaging technique have shed light on the tiny movements of molecular motors that shuttle material within living cells. The motors cooperate in a delicate choreography of steps, rather than engaging in the brute-force tug of war many scientists had imagined.

Published Date: April 7, 2005


Researchers improve design of genetic on-off switches

Author: Jim Barlow, Life Sciences Editor

Published Date:April 7, 2005

Researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have set a new standard in the design and engineering of nuclear hormone receptor-based genetic on-off switches, without causing new problems or aggravating existing ones.

Published Date: April 7, 2005


Christmas week snowstorm in Ohio river valley broke all records

Author: Eva Kingston, State Water Survey

Published Date:April 7, 2005

Even though spring and warm-weather thoughts are here, a chilling, soon-to-be published report says that December's immense Midwest snowstorm was one to remember.

Published Date: April 7, 2005


Point-contact spectroscopy deepens mystery of heavy-fermion superconductors

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:March 24, 2005

Theoretical understanding of heavy-fermion superconductors has just slipped a notch or two, says a team of experimentalists.

Published Date: March 24, 2005


Theories of high-temperature superconductivity violate Pauli Principle

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:March 24, 2005

Scientists seeking to explain high-temperature superconductivity have been violating the Pauli exclusion principle, a team of researchers from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and Rutgers University report. Any theory that does not embrace the Pauli principle has a lot of explaining to do, they say.

Published Date: March 24, 2005


Countywide forecasts of water use available for Illinois, Midwest

Author: Eva Kingston, State Water Survey and Jim Barlow, Life Sciences Editor

Published Date:March 17, 2005

Water use in Illinois is expected to grow faster than the population in the next 20 years, with Chicago-area counties leading increased demand in 89 of the state's 102 counties, according to two new studies released by the Illinois State Water Survey.

Published Date: March 17, 2005


Unique weather a factor in record 2004 Midwest crop yields

Author: Eva Kingston, State Water Survey and Jim Barlow, Life Sciences Editor

Published Date:March 11, 2005

If farmers talk big about 2004 crops as they get ready to head out into the fields this spring, let them talk. Believe them. Last year's crop season saw record yields in every major crop amid the closest-to-perfect weather conditions of the last century, scientists say.

Published Date: March 11, 2005


Membraneless fuel cell is tiny, versatile

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:March 3, 2005

A fuel cell designed by researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign can operate without a solid membrane separating fuel and oxidant, and functions with alkaline chemistry in addition to the more common acidic chemistry.

Published Date: March 3, 2005


Temperature inside collapsing bubble four times that of sun

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:March 2, 2005

Using a technique employed by astronomers to determine stellar surface temperatures, chemists at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have measured the temperature inside a single, acoustically driven collapsing bubble.

Published Date: March 2, 2005


Chemists synthesize molecule that helps body battle cancers, malaria

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:March 1, 2005

The first synthesis of QS-21A, a medicinally important molecule that helps the body battle disease, has been achieved by chemists at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.

Published Date: March 1, 2005


High-intensity ultrasound creates hollow nanospheres and nanocrystals

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:February 22, 2005

Using high-intensity ultrasound, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have created hollow nanospheres and the first hollow nanocrystals. The nanospheres could be used in microelectronics, drug delivery and as catalysts for making environmentally friendly fuels.

Published Date: February 22, 2005


Tiny superconductors withstand stronger magnetic fields

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:February 4, 2005

Ultrathin superconducting wires can withstand stronger magnetic fields than larger wires made from the same material, researchers now report. This finding may be useful for technologies that employ superconducting magnets, such as magnetic resonance imaging.

Published Date: February 4, 2005


Satellite data reveal immense pollution pool over Bihar, India

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:January 27, 2005

Scientists studying satellite data have discovered an immense wintertime pool of pollution over the northern Indian state of Bihar. Blanketing around 100 million people, primarily in the Ganges Valley, the pollution levels are about five times larger than those typically found over Los Angeles.

Published Date: January 27, 2005


Molecular scale resolution achieved in polymer nanoimprinting technique

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:January 21, 2005

Scientists using molds derived from carbon nanotubes have approached the ultimate resolution - defined by molecular scale dimensions - in a widely used polymer nanoimprinting technique. By accurately replicating features with nanometer dimensions, the technique could play future roles in fabricating structures in fields as diverse as microelectronics, nanofluidics and biotechnology.

Published Date: January 21, 2005


Super-star clusters may be born small and grow by coalescing

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:January 11, 2005

A trio of massive, young star clusters found embedded in a star cloud may shed light on the formation of super-star clusters and globular clusters.

Published Date: January 11, 2005


Selective coatings create biological sensors from carbon nanotubes

Published Date:December 13, 2004

Protein-encapsulated single-walled carbon nanotubes that alter their fluorescence in the presence of specific biomolecules could generate many new types of implantable biological sensors, say researchers from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign who developed the encapsulation technique.

Published Date: December 13, 2004


Shutdown of circulation pattern could be disastrous, researchers say

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:December 13, 2004

If global warming shuts down the thermohaline circulation in the North Atlantic Ocean, the result could be catastrophic climate change. The environmental effects, models indicate, depend upon whether the shutdown is reversible or irreversible.

Published Date: December 13, 2004


Molecular technique shows promise in destroying drug resistance in bacteria

Author: Molly McElroy, News Bureau

Published Date:November 12, 2004

A new approach to outwit resistance to antibiotics has been discovered by a team of researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.

Published Date: November 12, 2004


Munching microbes could cleanse arsenic-contaminated groundwater

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:October 26, 2004

Microbial processes ultimately determine whether arsenic builds to dangerous levels in groundwater, say researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Remediation may be as simple as stimulating certain microbes to grow.

Published Date: October 26, 2004


Low-cost climate-change insurance could help ensure better future

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:October 14, 2004

Doing a little now to mitigate long-term climate change would cost much less than doing nothing and making an adjustment in the future, say scientists whose paper appears in the Oct. 15 issue of the journal Science.

Published Date: October 14, 2004


At molecular scale, vibrational couplings define heat conduction

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:September 23, 2004

Too much heat can destroy a sturdy automobile engine or a miniature microchip. As scientists and engineers strive to make ever-smaller nanoscale devices, from molecular motors and switches to single-molecule transistors, the control of heat is becoming a burning issue.

Published Date: September 23, 2004


Serotonin metabolites in mollusks suggest pathways for human therapies

Author: Molly McElroy, News Bureau

Published Date:September 9, 2004

From mollusks to mammals, newly discovered chemical pathways of serotonin in the nervous system are paving a path toward future pharmaceutical treatments for depression and other disorders.

Published Date: September 9, 2004


Self-assembly generates more versatile scaffolds for crystal growth

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:August 31, 2004

Self-organizing synthetic molecules originally used for gene therapy may have applications as templates and scaffolds for the production of inorganic materials. Using electrostatic interactions between oppositely charged molecules as the binding force, scientists are learning how to organize these synthetic molecules into more versatile complexes with large and controllable pore sizes.

Published Date: August 31, 2004


Molecular motor Myosin VI moves 'hand over hand,' researchers say

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:August 30, 2004

In the human body, hundreds of different types of biomolecular motors help carry out such essential tasks as muscle contraction, moving chromosomes during cell division, and reloading nerve cells so they can repeatedly fire.

Published Date: August 30, 2004


Asymmetric feature shows puzzling face for superconductivity

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:July 30, 2004

The weird behavior of electrons tunneling across an atomically flat interface within a cuprate superconductor has defied explanation by theories of high-temperature superconductivity.

Published Date: July 30, 2004


Silicon-based photodetector is sensitive to ultraviolet light

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:July 19, 2004

By depositing thin films of silicon nanoparticles on silicon substrates, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have fabricated a photodetector sensitive to ultraviolet light. Silicon-based ultraviolet sensors could prove very handy in military, security and commercial applications.

Published Date: July 19, 2004


Dislocation creates 'whirlpool' that pulls surface atoms into crystal

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:June 7, 2004

Developing novel ways to control the motion of atoms on surfaces is essential for the future of nanotechnology. Now, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have found a phenomenon of dislocation-driven nucleation and growth that creates holes that spiral into a surface and pull atoms into crystalline solids.

Published Date: June 7, 2004


Strong magnetic field converts nanotube from metal to semiconductor and back

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:May 20, 2004

By threading a magnetic field through a carbon nanotube, scientists have switched the molecule between metallic and semiconducting states, a phenomenon predicted by physicists some years ago, but never before clearly seen in individual molecules.

Published Date: May 20, 2004


Study group questions effectiveness of proposed missile-defense system

Author: Melissa Mitchell, Arts Editor

Published Date:May 3, 2004

As the U.S. Department of Defense's Missile Defense Agency ramps up efforts to have the first phase of a multiyear, multibillion-dollar "layered" national defense system in place by September - as mandated by President Bush - the agency's fast-tracked plans have been hitting a few speed bumps.

Published Date: May 3, 2004


Airport baggage screeners may need continuing education, study indicates

Author: Jim Barlow, Life Sciences Editor

Published Date:April 27, 2004

Baggage screeners have just seconds amid loud airport noises and the pressure of rushed airline travelers to scan X-rays of carry-on items for weapons. How good they are at finding one may depend on the specificity of their training, say researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.

Published Date: April 27, 2004


Measurement clarifies role between protein structure and cell adhesion

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:April 26, 2004

Scientists studying the adhesive properties of the neural cell adhesion molecule (NCAM) - a protein that helps bind the nervous system together - have found that two opposing models of cell adhesion are both correct.

Published Date: April 26, 2004


Fatty acid pathway, glucose produce triacetic acid lactone

Author: Jim Barlow, Life Sciences Editor

Published Date:April 1, 2004

Scientists at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have designed a potential roadmap to use a biosynthetic pathway taken from a common microorganism to produce compounds that could serve as precursors to explosives or components in everyday devices such as liquid crystal displays or anti-cancer agents.

Published Date: April 1, 2004


New technique uses household humidifier to create nanocomposite materials

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:March 29, 2004

In what may sound like a project from a high school science fair, scientists are using a household humidifier to create porous spheres a hundred times smaller than a red blood cell. The technique is a new and inexpensive way to do chemistry using sound waves, the researchers say.

Published Date: March 29, 2004


CARMA groundbreaking set for March 27

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:March 25, 2004

Astronomers from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign will be major participants in the construction and operation of a new millimeter-wave telescope array to be located in the high desert of California. Groundbreaking for the facility - called the Combined Array for Research in Millimeter-Wave Astronomy - is set for 2 p.m. on Saturday (March 27) at Cedar Flat in the Inyo Mountains near Bishop.

Published Date: March 25, 2004


Hidden order found in cuprates may help explain superconductivity

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:February 12, 2004

Like the delicate form of an icicle defying gravity during a spring thaw, patterns emerge in nature when forces compete. Scientists at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have found a hidden pattern in cuprate (copper-containing) superconductors that may help explain high-temperature superconductivity.

Published Date: February 12, 2004


Molecular level discovery could play role in development of new antibiotics

Author: Jim Barlow, Life Sciences Editor

Published Date:January 29, 2004

Chemists at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have uncovered the molecular activity of an enzyme responsible for naturally turning a small protein into a potent antibiotic known as a lantibiotic.

Published Date: January 29, 2004


Unraveling a protein, researchers uncover mechanics of natural anti-cancer agent

Author: Jim Barlow, Life Sciences Editor

Published Date:December 2, 2003

From within the rich fabric of connecting tissue between cells, researchers of four institutions, led by the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, have identified the action of anastellin, a natural agent that is showing promise blocking metastasis of cancer cells and enhancing wound healing.

Published Date: December 2, 2003


Technique kills cancerous cells, leaves healthy cells intact

Author: Jim Barlow, Life Sciences Editor

Published Date:December 1, 2003

Chemists at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have produced a molecule that selectively kills cancerous cells in a desired way and leaves healthy cells virtually untouched.

Published Date: December 1, 2003


Metallic phase for bosons implies new state of matter

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:October 9, 2003

The Heisenberg uncertainty principle places severe constraints on the subatomic world. To illustrate, for particles called bosons, the principle dictates that bosons either condense to form a superconductor or they must remain localized in an insulator. However, experiments conducted during the last 15 years on thin films have revealed a third possibility: Bosons can exist as a metal. Scientists have been struggling to interpret this surprising result.

Published Date: October 9, 2003


New chemical process can separate, manipulate carbon nanotubes

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:September 11, 2003

All single-walled-carbon nanotubes are not created equal. Instead, they form diverse assortments that vary markedly in features such as size and electrical properties. Although carbon nanotubes have been proposed for myriad applications - from miniature motors and chemical sensors to molecule-size electronic circuits - their actual uses have been severely limited by an inability to isolate and manipulate nanotubes having different characteristics.

Published Date: September 11, 2003


New algorithm offers fast and accurate x-ray crystal structure identification

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:August 28, 2003

Identifying the structures of certain types of molecular compounds can now take minutes, instead of days, and be performed much more accurately, say scientists who developed a new approach for analyzing key experimental X-ray data.

Published Date: August 28, 2003


Weather extremes shed light on prairie's past and environment's future

Author: Jim Barlow, Life Sciences Editor

Published Date:August 18, 2003

Highway travelers view much of the Midwest as little more than barren flatlands. The formation of the region and its rich soils, especially tall grass areas that seemingly should support diverse forests, however, have long fascinated scientists. Newly available, long-term climate data now say the area is the product of weather extremes.

Published Date: August 18, 2003


Barrel structure in globular proteins may transport small molecules

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:June 10, 2003

The ability of proteins to guide small molecules to reaction sites and across membranes is essential to many metabolic pathways, but the process is not well understood. Now, scientists at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have shown that a globular protein with a barrel structure can direct small molecules in much the same fashion as a membrane protein.

Published Date: June 10, 2003


Myosin molecule walks like a person, experiment shows

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:June 5, 2003

Scientists have developed an extremely accurate imaging technique for looking inside the machinery of a cell and have found that molecules of myosin "walk" in a fashion very much like a human.

Published Date: June 5, 2003


Chemists create unusual lariat RNA, a key intermediate in biological splicing

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:May 16, 2003

The production of lariat RNAs is a key step in the biologically important process of splicing. Because splicing changes the protein that is made from a given gene, a fundamental understanding of splicing is critical for comprehending the connections between genes and proteins. The study of splicing, however, has been very difficult in part because lariat RNAs have been nearly impossible to make artificially.

Published Date: May 16, 2003


Gold nanoparticles and catalytic DNA produce colormetric lead sensor

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:May 13, 2003

Detecting the presence of hazardous lead paint could become as simple as pressing a piece of paper against a wall and noting a color change.

Published Date: May 13, 2003


Protein folding hits a speed limit

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:May 7, 2003

To carry out their functions, proteins must first fold into particular structures. How rapidly this process can occur has been both a source of debate and a roadblock to comparing protein folding theory and experiment.

Published Date: May 7, 2003


To control climate change, alternative energy technologies must be developed

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:March 27, 2003

Uncertainty in the climate sensitivity to growing levels of atmospheric carbon dioxide has been a stumbling block to policy makers addressing the climate change issue. A study published in the March 28 issue of the journal Science, however, concludes that huge reductions in fossil-fuel carbon emissions will be required by the middle of this century - regardless of the likely climate sensitivity.

Published Date: March 27, 2003


All-optical frequency shifter is fast and accurate

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:March 11, 2003

Researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have demonstrated an all-optical frequency shifter that could remove a bottleneck in optical communications networks. The device can rapidly and accurately shift the frequency of optical signals without the time-consuming tasks of detection, storage and rebroadcast.

Published Date: March 11, 2003


Metal ions may play a big role in how we sense smells

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:February 24, 2003

Of the five basic senses, the sense of smell is the least understood. Now, scientists at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have sniffed out potential clues to how olfactory receptors in the nose detect odors. Those clues may also explain why dietary zinc deficiencies lead to a loss of smell.

Published Date: February 24, 2003


Illinois' NAMD code among the winners at the Olympics of supercomputing

Author: Jim Barlow, Life Sciences Editor

Published Date:December 4, 2002

NAMD, a molecular dynamics code for high-performance simulation of large biomolecular systems developed at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, was among the winners of this year's Gordon Bell Awards - the Olympics of supercomputing at the SC2002 conference held in November in Baltimore.

Published Date: December 4, 2002


Climate change will affect carbon sequestration in oceans, scientists say

Author: Jim Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:December 3, 2002

The direct injection of unwanted carbon dioxide deep into the ocean is one suggested strategy to help control rising atmospheric carbon dioxide levels and mitigate the effects of global warming. But, like the problems associated with the long-term storage of nuclear waste, finding a safe place to sequester the carbon may be more difficult than scientists first anticipated.

Published Date: December 3, 2002


Two-time Nobel winner not stereotypical 'genius,' biographers say

Author: Andrea Lynn, Humanities Editor

Published Date:December 1, 2002

Americans take verbal shortcuts to say someone is intellectually underwhelming -- he's no brain surgeon ... no rocket scientist ...no Einstein.

Published Date: December 1, 2002


Phase transition in bilayers could affect their performance

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:November 21, 2002

Phospholipid bilayers that mimic cell membranes in living organisms are of interest as substrates for biosensors and for the controlled release of pharmaceuticals. To better understand how these materials behave with embedded proteins, a necessary first step is to understand how the bilayers respond by themselves.

Published Date: November 21, 2002


Alternative energy sources needed to mitigate global warming, scientists say

Author: Jim Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:October 31, 2002

Regulations alone will not stabilize atmospheric carbon dioxide levels and curb global warming, an international team of climate and technology experts says. What's needed is the further development of alternative energy technologies that permit worldwide economic development while simultaneously stabilizing carbon dioxide levels and controlling climate change.

Published Date: October 31, 2002


Scientists studying two big craters on earth find two causes

Author: Jim Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:October 25, 2002

Two of the three largest impact craters on Earth have nearly the same size and structure, researchers say, but one was caused by a comet while the other was caused by an asteroid. These surprising results could have implications for where scientists might look for evidence of primitive life on Mars.

Published Date: October 25, 2002


Scientists achieve protein folding comparison breakthrough

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:October 21, 2002

For years, the comparison of simulated and experimental protein folding kinetics has been a "Holy Grail" for biologists and chemists. But scientists seeking to confirm protein-folding theory with laboratory experiments have been unable to cross the microsecond barrier. This obstacle in time existed because experiments could not be performed fast enough, nor simulations run long enough, to permit a direct comparison.

Published Date: October 21, 2002


DNA unzipping found to take at least two proteins, not one alone

Author: Jim Barlow, Life Sciences Editor

Published Date:October 9, 2002

Using an optical fluorescence microscope to monitor enzyme activity, researchers at three universities have solved a long-running mystery. It takes at least two proteins, working in an unstable tandem, to unzip two strands of DNA.

Published Date: October 9, 2002


Chemists create synthetic cytochromes

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:October 7, 2002

When animals metabolize food or when plants photosynthesize it, electrons are moved across cell membranes. The "extension cords" of this bioelectrical circuit are mostly iron-containing proteins called cytochromes.

Published Date: October 7, 2002


Synthetic molecular sieve binds water better than zeolites

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:September 23, 2002

Zeolites are an extremely important class of inorganic materials that can separate gases or liquids on the basis of molecular size and shape. The backbone of a billion-dollar-a-year industry, these molecular sieves are used in numerous applications, from the production of biodegradable detergents, to the removal of moisture from natural gas pipelines, to the catalytic cracking of heavy petroleum distillates into gasoline.

Published Date: September 23, 2002


Imaging apparatus characterizes drops in 'dirty' laboratory environments

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:September 18, 2002

A high-fidelity spectrometric system for studying the behavior of drops and particles in industrial flame reactors has been constructed by researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign in collaboration with researchers at the University of Arizona. The instrument was used to study the potential of thermal combustors for reducing the volume of liquid nuclear wastes for safe, long-term storage.

Published Date: September 18, 2002


Web-based collaboration links labs to supercomputers

Author: Jim Barlow, Life Sciences Editor

Published Date:September 3, 2002

Researchers collaborating by means of the Internet is nothing new. However, an evolving Web-based environment created at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign is redefining long-range collaboration and linking far-away labs to supercomputers - for free.

Published Date: September 3, 2002


Frigid South Pole atmosphere reveals flaw in global circulation models

Author: Jim Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:August 28, 2002

Atmospheric measurements made at Earth's geographic poles provide a convenient way of validating and calibrating global circulation models. Such measurements also might provide some of the first conclusive evidence of global change in the middle and upper atmospheres. But new data shows that the current models are wrong: Temperatures over the South Pole are much colder in winter than scientists had anticipated.

Published Date: August 28, 2002


Copper-oxide plane at surface of superconductor has surprising properties

Author: Jim Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:August 26, 2002

The peculiar behavior of high-temperature superconductors has baffled scientists for many years. Now, by imaging the copper-oxide plane in a cuprate superconductor for the first time, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have found several new pieces to this important puzzle.

Published Date: August 26, 2002


Artificial antibodies created by new molecular imprinting process

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:July 24, 2002

Nature is especially adept at producing molecules that can recognize and bind other molecules. For example, antibody molecules will search out and bind a single foreign molecule, called an antigen, from among myriad other natural substances. This type of exquisite molecular recognition has long inspired chemists, who for decades have tried to make molecules that are capable of performing similar feats.

Published Date: July 24, 2002


Scientists measure energy dissipation in a single cavitating bubble

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:July 24, 2002

Like fireflies, bubbles trapped and energized by ultrasound emit light in a periodic rhythm. By holding a single bubble of gas in a standing acoustic wave and driving it into pulsations, the bubble converts sonic energy into light with clocklike regularity. At the same time, the intense energy released by the implosive compression of the bubble rips molecules apart. Chemists at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have now quantified those effects in a single bubble.

Published Date: July 24, 2002


Six-state protocol offers advantages for quantum cryptography

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:July 11, 2002

As telecommunications and information systems become commonplace in society, a more secure means of encrypting and transmitting data is required. Underlying nearly all forms of encryption is the necessity for a truly secret key, which can be distributed without the threat of an undetected eavesdropper. Several protocols have demonstrated the potential effectiveness of quantum cryptography in meeting this need.

Published Date: July 11, 2002


Substituting natural gas for coal offers long-term climate benefits

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:July 3, 2002

Substituting natural gas for coal in electrical power generating plants could reap greater long-term climate benefits than previously thought.

Published Date: July 3, 2002


Ultrafast laser spectroscopy tracks energy flow through molecules

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:June 20, 2002

Using an ultrafast laser spectroscopy technique, scientists at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have tracked - and timed - the flow of vibrational energy through certain molecules in their liquid state.

Published Date: June 20, 2002


Colloidal inks form self-supporting scaffolds through robocasting

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:June 19, 2002

A new way to assemble complex, three-dimensional structures from specially formulated colloidal inks could find use in advanced ceramics, sensors, composites, catalyst supports, tissue engineering scaffolds and photonic materials.

Published Date: June 19, 2002


Record winter weather caused major economic impacts in the U.S.

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:June 18, 2002

Unusual weather across most of the United States last winter created huge and generally positive impacts to the nation's struggling economy.

Published Date: June 18, 2002


Strongly interacting dark matters weighs in as heavy contender in cosmology

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:June 4, 2002

If you had a friend who looked like he weighed 150 pounds, but moved as though he were a ponderous 1.5 tons, you would certainly wonder why.

Published Date: June 4, 2002


A possible new way to block HIV infection of healthy cells discovered

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:May 15, 2002

An experiment to understand how chemokine peptides dock to a receptor on a cell wall - a pivotal connection that allows HIV to infect healthy cells - has yielded an unexpected fundamental discovery and a possible new way to block AIDS.

Published Date: May 15, 2002


Galaxy cluster surveys may help explain 'dark energy' in the universe

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:April 22, 2002

The universe appears to be permeated with an invisible force - dark energy - that is pushing it apart faster and faster. By conducting redshift surveys of galaxy clusters, astronomers hope to learn more about this mysterious force, and about the structure and geometry of the universe.

Published Date: April 22, 2002


Medical microspheres provide precision-release drug delivery

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:April 9, 2002

The elusive goal of controlling the release rate of encapsulated compounds for the precise delivery of drugs over a prolonged period is finally within reach.

Published Date: April 9, 2002


Small research big on campus

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:April 5, 2002

Through the wonders of modern technology, the world is said to have gotten smaller. Correspondingly, the world of research has grown more minute, a realm where scientists and engineers now routinely work on a scale ranging from the size of small atoms to that of large molecules.

Published Date: April 5, 2002


Rare fossilized tube feet suggest functional shift through time

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:April 3, 2002

Fleshy tube feet preserved in a rare fossil suggest an ecological shift through time, and may settle a long-standing debate about the preservation of soft parts, say paleontologists at the University of Illinois.

Published Date: April 3, 2002


Superconducting nanowires assist in study of phase transitions

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:March 18, 2002

By creating superconducting nanowires using carbon nanotube molecules, researchers at the University of Illinois are investigating just how small a wire can become and remain a superconductor. The answer could prove useful in applications such as supercomputing, where short superconducting wires can connect circuit elements.

Published Date: March 18, 2002


X-ray microscope can image crystalline grains in three dimensions

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:March 18, 2002

A lensless X-ray microscope that can create three-dimensional images of micron-size samples has been developed by scientists at the University of Illinois. The instrument can be used in metallurgical and semiconductor applications, and for studying the early growth stages of protein crystals.

Published Date: March 18, 2002


Long-standing mystery of earth's inner core may be solved

Author: Jim Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:March 1, 2002

New evidence from short-period earthquake waves may solve a long-standing mystery of Earth's inner core, and offers additional support for a layered inner core model, say seismologists at the University of Illinois.

Published Date: March 1, 2002


Kaler's latest book honored by Association of American Publishers

Author: Kesha Green, News Bureau

Published Date:February 27, 2002

A University of Illinois astronomy professor has won an Association of American Publishers' (AAP) annual award for his latest book on stars.

Published Date: February 27, 2002


Three-dimensional waveguides fabricated in self-assembled photonic crystals

Author: Jim Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:February 7, 2002

Scientists at the University of Illinois have fabricated features within self-assembled photonic crystals, greatly enhancing the potential functionality of this class of photonic band gap materials.

Published Date: February 7, 2002


Surf against surface: Tortured water ripples at contact

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:January 24, 2002

Water trapped against a surface it doesn't like will ripple in frustration as it seeks to escape, say researchers at the University of Illinois who will report their findings in the Jan. 25 issue of the journal Science.

Published Date: January 24, 2002


Silicon nanoparticles now come in family of sizes and fluorescent colors

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:January 23, 2002

A process for creating silicon nanoparticles, developed at the University of Illinois, has now been shown to produce a family of discrete particle sizes useful for microelectronics, optoelectronics and biomedical applications.

Published Date: January 23, 2002


Evidence of carbon-silicon compound found in living colony of diatoms

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:January 4, 2002

Evidence of a carbon-silicon compound found in a living colony of diatoms could lead to a variety of beneficial applications, from low-cost synthesis of high-performance materials to therapeutic treatments for osteoporosis.

Published Date: January 4, 2002


Nanotube 'peapods' have tunable electronic properties, scientists say

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:January 3, 2002

First came fullerenes, those cage-like molecules of 60 carbon atoms bound in a ball. Then came long, thin soda straws of carbon atoms called nanotubes. Now there are fullerenes nested within nanotubes, like so many peas in a pod.

Published Date: January 3, 2002


Engineered strategies to mitigate global warming could influence biosphere

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:December 12, 2001

Blocking the sun may not be such a cool way of counteracting climate change, scientists at the University of Illinois say. Potential effects upon the biosphere could be important to agriculture and forest production, and also could create secondary feedback mechanisms that may further change the climate.

Published Date: December 12, 2001


Shipboard aerosol measurements enhance climate models

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:December 1, 2001

Sea-level measurements of aerosol properties, obtained last spring under both clean and polluted conditions in the Pacific Ocean, are helping to quantify aerosol optical properties related to climate change.

Published Date: December 1, 2001


Stratosheric polar vortex influences winter cold, researchers say

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:December 1, 2001

A mechanism to explain how the behavior of the stratosphere may affect tropospheric weather patterns has been proposed by scientists at the University of Illinois. If correct, the idea could be included in models to better understand the climate system and predict the weather.

Published Date: December 1, 2001


Paradox of groundwater age has implications for hydrology

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:December 1, 2001

How old is your groundwater? Chances are, it's much older than you, or many scientists, had thought.

Published Date: December 1, 2001


Random noise from within objects reveals their internal structure

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:November 1, 2001

By picking up the tiny vibrations of thermal energy that exist naturally in all objects, researchers at the University of Illinois have performed ultrasonic measurements without using a source. Potential applications range from seismology to materials science.

Published Date: November 1, 2001


Adaptive-decision strategy offsets uncertainties in climate sensitivity

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:October 1, 2001

The uncertainty of climate change because of global warming is much greater than previously thought, and as a result, policy-makers should adopt a robust, adaptive-decision strategy to cope with potential consequences, researchers at the University of Illinois say.

Published Date: October 1, 2001


Automated analytical platform facilitates identification of proteins

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:October 1, 2001

Now that the human genome has been sequenced, one of the hottest areas in life sciences is characterizing the human proteome. Researchers at the University of Illinois have developed techniques that facilitate the rapid identification and characterization of proteins.

Published Date: October 1, 2001


Strange trail suggests presence of galactic interloper

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:October 1, 2001

Scientists have discovered what looks like a jet contrail, possibly left behind by a dwarf star traveling through interstellar space.

Published Date: October 1, 2001


Laser technique examines movement in nucleus of living cell

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:September 1, 2001

By colliding two laser beams head-on, scientists at the University of Illinois can measure the movement of chromatin (tiny packets of DNA) in the nucleus of a living cell.

Published Date: September 1, 2001


Slick research says fluids slip on solids, depending on speed

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:September 1, 2001

When it comes to predicting boundary conditions of fluids flowing over solid surfaces, the textbooks are all wet, say researchers at the University of Illinois.

Published Date: September 1, 2001


Warmer periods in Alaskan area not confined to modern times

Author: Jim Barlow, Life Sciences Editor

Published Date:September 1, 2001

In the northwest foothills of the Alaska Range, the last 150 years have been warm by historical reckoning, scientists report. However, they note, two other lengthy periods of climatic warmth appear to have occurred in that region during the last 2,000 years.

Published Date: September 1, 2001


Discovery of stagnant lithosphere says less mixing occurs in Earth

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:July 1, 2001

The discovery of a large amount of subducted lithosphere beneath the Fiji Islands suggests that the mixing of Earth's mantle caused by plate tectonics occurs less than previously thought, so large volumes of primordial mantle may still exist, University of Illinois researchers say.

Published Date: July 1, 2001


Climate sensitivity may be higher than many think, researchers say

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:June 1, 2001

In the wake of mounting evidence of global warming, decision-makers are wrestling with related policy issues. Now, researchers at the University of Illinois have shown that the probability of severe climate change is much greater than many scientists or policy-makers had thought.

Published Date: June 1, 2001


Enhanced model better assesses impact of climate variability

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:June 1, 2001

By adding topographic features to their hydrologic model, researchers at the University of Illinois can better assess the impact of climate variability and global warming on terrestrial systems such as stream ecology, water quality and water resources management.

Published Date: June 1, 2001


Crackling noise in cereal and magnets aids study of earthquakes

Author: Jeff Unger, News Bureau

Published Date:May 30, 2001

When Karin Dahmen hears the crackling noise in a bowl of crisped-rice cereal, her thoughts turn to earthquakes.

Published Date: May 30, 2001


Colliding galazies provide clues to star formation in early universe

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:May 1, 2001

By comparing computer simulations of a galaxy collision with actual observations, astronomers at the University of Illinois have found discrete star-formation episodes that may help explain the prodigious star-formation rates that occurred in the early universe.

Published Date: May 1, 2001


Book catalogs panoply of African maps to beginning of 20th century

Author: Andrea Lynn, Humanities Editor

Published Date:May 1, 2001

As Plutarch observed 2 millennia ago, mapmakers aren't nearly as accurate as they claim to be. Even in the Greek historian's day, they had biases, agendas and tricks - often inventing places and fudging with marginalia, noting, for example, that beyond a certain point "lies nothing but sandy deserts full of wild beasts and unapproachable bogs."

Published Date: May 1, 2001


Ballistic phonons reveal strange attenuation in lead superconductor

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:April 1, 2001

By measuring how long it takes phonons (lattice vibrations) to travel through a thin crystal, University of Illinois researchers have found experimental evidence of an unusual spin-density-wave ground state in lead superconductors.

Published Date: April 1, 2001


Temperature in upper atmosphere measured at North and South poles

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor and Harvey Leifert, American Geophysical Union

Published Date:March 19, 2001

A sensitive laser radar (lidar) system, first deployed over Okinawa, Japan, to observe meteor trails during the 1998 Leonid meteor shower, has now been used to probe temperatures in the upper atmosphere over both geographic poles.

Published Date: March 19, 2001


Method found to 'purify' partially entangled states

Published Date:February 20, 2001

Entanglement, the bizarre quantum mechanical connection that can exist between particles, is an essential component in many quantum information processing applications, such as quantum computation, teleportation and cryptography. But the connection between the particles can become "noisy" or "dirty," degrading the quality of the entanglement and rendering it useless for quantum information processing.

Published Date: February 20, 2001


'Virtual walls' confine liquids in microfluidic devices

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:February 14, 2001

Fabricating pathways and manipulating fluid flow in microdevices just got a lot easier with the help of "virtual walls" -- sides that lack physical barriers.

Published Date: February 14, 2001


Astronomer's latest, 'The Little Book of Stars,' is very big on science

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:February 1, 2001

What are stars? How do they shine? How are stars born and what makes them die? How do stars relate to the Sun and to the inhabitants of Earth?

Published Date: February 1, 2001


Higher ocean temperatures linked to cooling in Midwest

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:February 1, 2001

While Earth as a whole has warmed during the last half-century, much of the continental United States has grown slightly colder.

Published Date: February 1, 2001


Latest muon experiment may reveal crack in Standard Model

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:February 1, 2001

A high-precision measurement of the muon spin anomaly has shown a tantalizing discrepancy with the Standard Model of particle physics that may require new physics to explain, say University of Illinois researchers who participated in the experiment.

Published Date: February 1, 2001


New superconducting magnet to probe proton structure

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:February 1, 2001

To help unlock the innermost secrets of the proton, a doughnut-shaped superconducting magnet 14 feet in diameter is now being tested at the University of Illinois.

Published Date: February 1, 2001


Chandra observations reveal X-ray glint in Cat's Eye Nebula

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:February 1, 2001

Hot gas from a shocked stellar wind is responsible for the complex shape of a planetary nebula known as the Cat's Eye, say astronomers using NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory.

Published Date: February 1, 2001


'First-look' results with spectro-radiometer: All systems 'Go'

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:December 19, 2000

Demonstrations of the unique, three-dimensional, cloud-imaging capabilities of the Multi-angle Imaging Spectro-Radiometer -- one of the instruments on the satellite Terra -- will be among highlights presented at a special session devoted to the satellite at the American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting on Tuesday morning, Dec. 19.

Published Date: December 19, 2000


Strange quark contribution to proton structure yeilds surprsing result

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:December 8, 2000

Scientists seeking to confirm earlier measurements of the strange quark's contribution to the proton's magnetic moment have found several surprises, instead.

Published Date: December 8, 2000


Super-big superconducting magnet to be moved into laboratory Dec. 13

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:December 8, 2000

A superconducting magnet 14 feet in diameter and weighing more than 80,000 pounds will be moved into the high-bay area of the Nuclear Physics Laboratory, 23 E. Stadium Drive, Champaign, beginning at 8:30 a.m. Wednesday (Dec. 13).

Published Date: December 8, 2000


Microbial transport at Yellowstone: by land, sea or air?

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:December 1, 2000

Humans have a penchant for travel - driving, sailing and flying over the planet in search of new places to live. So do microbes, say researchers at the University of Illinois who have been studying microbial transport at Mammoth Hot Springs in Yellowstone National Park.

Published Date: December 1, 2000


Unified theory relates microbial metabolism to lab and field

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:December 1, 2000

The ability to describe the rates at which microbial populations metabolize in the natural environment has been limited by the lack of a general theory of microbial kinetics. Now, researchers at the University of Illinois have found an approach that holds significant promise for extending the results of laboratory experiments to better understand microbial metabolism in nature.

Published Date: December 1, 2000


Sensor uses DNA to detect presence of lead, a dangerous contaminant

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:November 1, 2000

Lead is a common environmental contaminant that can cause a number of health problems, particularly in children. Current techniques for lead detection require sophisticated equipment or complicated sample treatment. Now, researchers at the University of Illinois have developed a simple and inexpensive method that permits real-time, on-site detection of lead ions.

Published Date: November 1, 2000


Multidimensional technique enhances vibrational spectroscopy

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:September 1, 2000

By combining ultrashort pulses from a mid-infrared laser with pulses of visible light, chemists at the University of Illinois have added an important new dimension to vibrational spectroscopy.

Published Date: September 1, 2000


Simple and inexpensive, an artificial nose senses smell by seeing colors

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:August 16, 2000

Imagine a small slip of paper that can sniff out odors such as sour milk, illegal drugs, environmental pollutants, poisonous gases or deadly toxins simply by changing color.

Published Date: August 16, 2000


Protracted cooling could camouflage effects of global warming

Author: James Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:August 1, 2000

The human contribution to global warming is clearly present and must be controlled, say researchers at the University of Illinois.

Published Date: August 1, 2000


Self-assembled nano-capsules resemble bacterial cell walls

Author: James Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:July 1, 2000

By manipulating simple and nonspecific interactions, researchers have discovered a way to make chemicals spontaneously self-assemble into ribbon-like tubules that resemble bacterial cell walls. The micrometer-sized tubules have potential applications in drug delivery systems and as templates for the synthesis of inorganic nanostructured materials.

Published Date: July 1, 2000


Microbes on Earth may be key to identifying life on other planets

Author: James Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:May 1, 2000

Evidence of life in Martian meteorites or future rock samples from the Red Planet may be easier to identify thanks to microbes living in hot springs at Yellowstone National Park.

Published Date: May 1, 2000


Africa's rich tradition of mapmaking underappreciated, scholar says

Author: Andrea Lynn, Humanities Editor

Published Date:April 1, 2000

Geographer Thomas Bassett wants to put African mapmaking on the map.

Published Date: April 1, 2000


Heat capacity of glassy substance holds key to its transition kinetics

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:April 1, 2000

The idea that rigidity and orderliness go together is a triumph of modern theoretical physics. But how these two properties interrelate when a liquid is cooled and becomes solid-like -- a phenomenon called the glass transition -- has been less clear. Now, University of Illinois chemical physics professor Peter Wolynes and graduate student Xiaoyu Xia have found a way to explain the odd behavior of glassy materials.

Published Date: April 1, 2000


Diffusive infiltration may explain strange behavior in magma

Author: James Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:March 1, 2000

Recent experiments by a University of Illinois researcher have shed light on how glassy materials -- melts that have been quickly frozen -- are formed in exotic chunks of mantle called xenoliths, and how ascending magmas in the mantle can affect the lava output at Earth's surface through chemical, rather than thermal, reactions.

Published Date: March 1, 2000


Electrochemical process makes ultra-small silicon nanoparticles

Author: James Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:March 1, 2000

University of Illinois researchers have developed a process for converting bulk silicon into ultra-small, nano-sized particles. The nanoparticles -- which are about one billionth of a meter in diameter and contain about 30 silicon atoms -- can be formed into colloids, crystals, films and collimated beams for unique applications in the electronics, optoelectronics and biomedical industries.

Published Date: March 1, 2000


Light receptor may be key in how animals use Earth's magnetic field

Author: Jim Barlow, Life Sciences Editor

Published Date:March 1, 2000

A blue-light photoreceptor found in nerve layers of the eyes and brains has caught the attention of University of Illinois researchers who are seeking the magnetic compass that lets migratory birds and many other creatures find home using the magnetic field of Earth.

Published Date: March 1, 2000


New satellite data to assess role clouds play in climate change

Author: James Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:March 1, 2000

A wealth of information on the physical properties and global distribution of clouds -- soon to be collected by a recently launched satellite called Terra -- could help scientists better predict climate change, says a University of Illinois researcher involved with the project.

Published Date: March 1, 2000


Rotational motion detected in gates controlling nerve impulses

Author: James Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:February 1, 2000

Scientists who performed the first direct measurement of voltage-induced distance changes in ion channels -- critical components of the nervous system -- have reached a surprising conclusion. As reported in the Dec. 16 issue of Nature, the amino acids in the voltage sensor move like keys turning in locks, not like the simple plungers that were predicted by current models.

Published Date: February 1, 2000


Simulations reveal morphological transition in simple foams

Author: James Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:February 1, 2000

By deriving an equation of state for compressible foam, and then simulating it numerically, University of Illinois researchers predict a dramatic morphological change that will occur as the surface tension is increased or, equivalently, the volume of the foam is greatly expanded.

Published Date: February 1, 2000


Weak interaction helps locate strange quark in proton structure

Author: James Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:February 1, 2000

Since Otto Stern first surprised his colleagues in 1933 by announcing that the proton magnetic moment was three times larger than expected, physicists have puzzled over the origin of the difference. During the past two summers the SAMPLE experiment at the MIT-Bates Linear Accelerator Center has shed new light on this question by measuring the proton magnetic moment as seen by the weak interaction, rather than the electromagnetic interaction.

Published Date: February 1, 2000