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The fungus Ophidiomyces ophiodiicola can infect, and kill, multiple species of snakes.

Snake fungal disease parallels white-nose syndrome in bats

Author: Diana Yates, Life Sciences Editor

Published Date:June 18, 2015

A deadly fungal infection afflicting snakes is eerily similar to the fungus that causes white-nose syndrome in bats, researchers report.

Published Date: June 18, 2015


University of Illinois veterinary clinical medicine professor Timothy Fan, pictured here with his dog, Ember, describes the advantages of testing potential cancer therapies on pet dogs with spontaneously occurring cancers.

Drug trials in pet dogs with cancer may speed advances in human oncology

Author: Diana Yates, Life Sciences Editor

Published Date:June 16, 2015

Pet dogs may be humans’ best friends in a new arena of life: cancer treatment, said University of Illinois veterinary clinical medicine professor Timothy Fan. Physiological similarities between dogs and humans, and conserved genetics between some dog and human cancers, can allow pet dogs to serve as useful models for studying new cancer drugs, he said.

Published Date: June 16, 2015


Bottlenose dolphins found on Gulf of Mexico beaches after the 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil spill had severe lung and adrenal gland abnormalities consistent with petroleum product exposure, researchers report.

Researchers link dolphin deaths to Deepwater Horizon oil spill

Author: Diana Yates, Life Sciences Editor

Published Date:May 20, 2015

Dolphins found stranded on Gulf of Mexico beaches following the 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil spill were much more likely to have severe lung and adrenal gland damage “consistent with petroleum product exposure” than dolphins stranded elsewhere and prior to the spill, researchers report. One in five dolphins from the spill zone also had primary bacterial pneumonia.

Published Date: May 20, 2015


Jodi Flaws Photo by L. Brian Stauffer  In studies of mice, comparative biosciences professor Jodi Flaws and her colleagues linked phthalate exposure during pregnancy to reproductive problems in parent and offspring, and to degradation of the function and structure of the ovaries.

The phthalate DEHP undermines female fertility in mice

Author: Diana Yates, Life Sciences Editor

Published Date:April 16, 2015

Two studies in mice add to the evidence that the phthalate DEHP, a plasticizing agent used in auto upholstery, baby toys, building materials and many other consumer products, can undermine female reproductive health, in part by disrupting the growth and function of the ovaries.

Published Date: April 16, 2015


In a study of mice, comparative biosciences professor Jodi Flaws and her colleagues linked BPA exposure during pregnancy to reproductive problems in the next three generations.

BPA exposure in pregnant mice affects fertility in three generations

Author: Diana Yates, Life Sciences Editor

Published Date:April 15, 2015

When scientists exposed pregnant mice to levels of bisphenol A equivalent to those considered safe in humans, three generations of female mouse offspring experienced significant reproductive problems, including declines in fertility, sexual maturity and pregnancy success, the scientists report in the journal Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology.

Published Date: April 15, 2015


University of Illinois chemistry professor Paul Hergenrother, left, and veterinary clinical medicine professor Timothy Fan tested an anti-cancer compound in pet dogs that will be used in human clinical trials.

Cancer drug first tested in pet dogs begins human trials

Author: Diana Yates, Life Sciences Editor

Published Date:February 26, 2015

A new drug that prompts cancer cells to self-destruct while sparing healthy cells is now entering phase I clinical trials in humans. The drug, called PAC-1, first showed promise in the treatment of pet dogs with spontaneously occurring cancers, and is still in clinical trials in dogs with osteosarcoma.

Published Date: February 26, 2015


Muskrats in central Illinois are being exposed to toxoplasmosis, a disease spread by cats.

In Illinois, muskrats and minks harbor toxoplasmosis, a cat disease

Author: Diana Yates, Life Sciences Editor

Published Date:January 28, 2015

A new study of muskrats and minks in central Illinois indicates that toxoplasmosis, a disease spread by cats, is moving rapidly through the landscape and contaminating local waterways.

Published Date: January 28, 2015


An interdisciplinary research team developed a new approach to treating endometriosis. The team includes, clockwise, from back left: molecular and integrative physiology professor Milan Bagchi, chemistry professor John Katzenellenbogen, visiting research scientist Ping Gong, molecular and integrative physiology professor Benita Katzenellenbogen, postdoctoral fellow Yiru Chen, research scientist Yuechao Zhao, and comparative biosciences professor CheMyong Ko.

New drug compounds show promise against endometriosis

Author: Diana Yates, Life Sciences Editor

Published Date:January 21, 2015

Two new drug compounds – one of which has already proven useful in a mouse model of multiple sclerosis – appear to be effective in treating endometriosis, a disorder that, like MS, is driven by estrogen and inflammation, scientists report in Science Translational Medicine.

Published Date: January 21, 2015


After experiencing power outages during a 2007 ice storm in Springfield, Missouri, Dickerson Park Zoo officials improved their backup power and heating systems to keep animals  like Henry, pictured here -- safe and warm.

Flu at the zoo and other disasters: Experts help animal exhibitors prepare for the worst

Author: Diana Yates, Life Sciences Editor

Published Date:October 23, 2014

When bad weather strikes or illness invades, zoos and aquariums are among the most vulnerable facilities affected, said University of Illinois veterinarian Yvette Johnson-Walker, a clinical epidemiologist who contributes to emergency response training efforts at animal exhibitor institutions.

Published Date: October 23, 2014


Scientists gear up to fight deadly snake fungal disease

Author: Diana Yates, Life Sciences Editor

Published Date:July 15, 2014

Researchers have developed a faster and more accurate way to test for infection with Ophidiomyces ophiodiicola, a fungus that is killing snakes in the Midwest and eastern United States. The test also allows scientists to monitor the progression of the infection in living snakes.

Published Date: July 15, 2014


Regular exposure to artificial ultraviolet B light for two weeks doubled rabbits serum vitamin D levels, the researchers found.

Rabbits kept indoors could be vitamin D deficient

Author: Diana Yates, Life Sciences Editor

Published Date:April 9, 2014

Rabbits that remain indoors may suffer from a lack of vitamin D, researchers report in a new study. In rabbits kept as pets or used in laboratory studies, the deficiency could lead to dental problems, undermine their cardiovascular health, weaken their immune systems and skew scientific findings.

Published Date: April 9, 2014


Professor and interim head of pathobiology Mark Kuhlenschmidt is part of a team that will develop a new system to study a parasite, Cryptosporidium, which causes a diarrheal disease in humans.

Illinois receives Grand Challenges Explorations grants

Author: Chelsey Coombs

Published Date:November 20, 2013

The University of Illinois is a Grand Challenges Explorations winner, an initiative funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. Daniel L. Rock, a professor of pathobiology, and Mark S. Kuhlenschmidt, a professor and the interim head of pathobiology, will pursue innovative global health and development research projects.

Published Date: November 20, 2013


A new study found that the targeted culling of deer prevents the rampant spread of chronic wasting disease to healthy deer.

Targeted culling of deer controls disease with little effect on hunting

Author: Diana Yates, Life Sciences Editor

Published Date:October 21, 2013

Chronic wasting disease, the deer-equivalent of mad cow disease, has crept across the U.S. landscape from west to east. It appeared first in captive mule deer in Colorado in the late 1960s. By 1981, it had escaped to the wild. It reached the Midwest by 2002. Little is known about its potential to infect humans.

Published Date: October 21, 2013


Peter D. Constable, the head of the department of veterinary clinical sciences at Purdue University, will return to the U. of I. as the dean of the College of Veterinary Medicine, pending approval by the U. of I. Board of Trustees.

Peter D. Constable to be next dean of the College of Veterinary Medicine

Author: Diana Yates, Life Sciences Editor

Published Date:August 2, 2013

Peter D. Constable, a Purdue University professor of veterinary clinical sciences and the head of that department, will become the dean of the U. of I. College of Veterinary Medicine in January 2014, pending approval of the U. of I. Board of Trustees.

Published Date: August 2, 2013


A topical general anesthetic for amphibians developed by veterinary researchers at Illinois could be a low-cost, easy-to-administer tool for scientists conducting research in the field. Cane toads were used in the study.

Newly developed anesthetic for amphibians could aid field researchers

Author: Sharita Forrest, News Editor

Published Date:July 23, 2013

Veterinary researchers at the University of Illinois have developed a general anesthetic for amphibians that is administered through their skin. The anesthetic jelly could be a low-cost, easy-to-administer form of anesthesia for veterinary work conducted in the field.

Published Date: July 23, 2013


Cancer drug tested in pet dogs is now bound for human trials

Author: Diana Yates, Life Sciences Editor

Published Date:July 16, 2013

Thanks to a new $2 million investment, a drug that spurs cancer cells to self-destruct while sparing healthy cells is on the road to human clinical trials. The compound, known as PAC-1, has so far proven safe and has promising anti-cancer effects in cell culture, in mouse models of cancer and in pet dogs with spontaneously occurring lymphomas and osteosarcomas.

Published Date: July 16, 2013


Stuart C. Clark-Price, a specialist in anesthesiology and pain management in the U. of I. Veterinary Teaching Hospital, is leading a multi-university research project aimed at developing treatment protocols that help horses get back on their hooves quickly and safely after surgery.

Cellphone technology helps horses recover from surgery

Author: Sharita Forrest, News Editor

Published Date:May 23, 2013

Stuart C. Clark-Price, a specialist in anesthesiology and pain management in the U. of I. Veterinary Teaching Hospital, is leading a multi-university research project aimed at developing treatment protocols that help horses get back on their hooves quickly and safely after surgery.

Published Date: May 23, 2013


Illinois professor of animal and nutritional sciences Kelly Swanson, left, and his research team, including Maria de Godoy, recently published a study that shows how molecular biology technologies are making the mechanisms underlying the pet obesity epidemic more easily understood.

Molecular techniques are man's new best friend in pet obesity research

Author: Chelsey Coombs

Published Date:April 9, 2013

According to the World Health Organization, more than two-thirds of Americans are overweight or obese. And its not just humans who are packing on the pounds. Our furry companions are plagued by an obesity epidemic of their own. More than 50 percent of the dogs and cats in the United States are overweight or obese.

Published Date: April 9, 2013


A better mousetrap The VetMouseTrap, a restraint device developed by veterinary radiologist Robert K. OBrien, is enabling clinicians to conduct CT scans on patients that couldnt be scanned previously, leading to faster diagnosis and treatment of life-threatening conditions.

'Mouse trap' allows vets to make faster diagnoses, without anesthesia

Author: Sharita Forrest, News Editor

Published Date:February 27, 2013

Advancements in the use of computed tomography (also known as CT) imaging by researchers at the University of Illinois Veterinary Teaching Hospital are enabling them to diagnose life-threatening conditions in dogs and cats faster, dramatically affecting the course, outcomes and costs of treatment.

Published Date: February 27, 2013


The Wildlife Medical Clinic has created a classroom-focused website to educate students from kindergarten through high school about wildlife, natural resources and conservation efforts by engaging the students with hands-on Internet-based lessons.

New website educates about wildlife, conservation, natural resources

Author: Madeline Ley

Published Date:February 4, 2013

The Web has become a little more wild with the introduction of a website that explores human interactions with the natural world. The Wildlife Medical Clinic at the University of Illinois recently created a classroom-focused website called Wildlife Encounters to educate students of all ages about the world around them.

Published Date: February 4, 2013


Stem-cell approach shows promise for Duchenne muscular dystrophy

Author: Chelsey Coombs

Published Date:January 14, 2013

Researchers have shown that transplanting stem cells derived from normal mouse blood vessels into the hearts of mice that model the pathology associated with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) prevents the decrease in heart function associated with DMD.

Published Date: January 14, 2013


Researchers report they have found a way to disrupt the spread of antibiotic-resistance genes among S. pneumoniae bacteria, which can contribute to pneumonia, meningitis and other dangerous ailments.

Scientists target bacterial sharing of antibiotic resistance genes

Author: Diana Yates, Life Sciences Editor

Published Date:October 24, 2012

The bacterium Streptococcus pneumoniae which can cause pneumonia, meningitis, bacteremia and sepsis likes to share its antibiotic-defeating weaponry with its neighbors. Individual cells can pass resistance genes to one another through a process called horizontal gene transfer, or by transformation, the uptake of DNA from the environment. Now researchers report that they can interrupt the cascade of cellular events that allows S. pneumoniae to swap or suck up DNA.

Published Date: October 24, 2012


Illinois veterinarian and pathobiology professor Amy MacNeill and her colleagues discovered that an altered myxoma virus infects and kills dog cancer cells but not healthy cells in cell culture.

Scientists aim to put a pox on dog cancer

Author: Diana Yates, Life Sciences Editor

Published Date:September 7, 2012

Researchers report that myxoma a pox virus that afflicts rabbits but not humans, dogs or any other vertebrates so far studied infects several different types of canine cancer cells in cell culture while sparing healthy cells. The study adds to the evidence that viruses or modified viruses will emerge as relatively benign cancer treatments to complement or replace standard cancer therapies.

Published Date: September 7, 2012


Interactive exhibits entice at annual Veterinary Medicine Open House

Published Date:September 26, 2011

Your dog may say woof woof (English), but at the University of Illinois Veterinary Medicine Open House on Oct. 2, there is bound to be a veterinarian who speaks your language.

Published Date: September 26, 2011


The Lyme disease tick, seen here in its larval, nymph and adult forms, is advancing across 'the prairie state.'

Lyme disease tick adapts to life on the (fragmented) prairie

Author: Diana Yates, Life Sciences Editor

Published Date:June 21, 2011

A new study offers a detailed look at the status of Lyme disease in Central Illinois and suggests that deer ticks and the Lyme disease bacteria they host are more adaptable to new habitats than previously appreciated.

Published Date: June 21, 2011


Nohra Mateus-Pinilla, left, a wildlife veterinary epidemiologist at the University of Illinois Prairie Research Institute, with graduate student Shannon Fredebaugh, led a study that found that cats spread disease to wildlife even in remote parts of a 1,500-acre natural area. Mateus-Pinilla is a researcher with the Illinois Natural History Survey, one of the surveys in the PRI.

Cats pass disease to wildlife, even in remote areas

Author: Diana Yates, Life Sciences Editor

Published Date:May 12, 2011

Researchers tracking the spread of Toxoplasma gondii a parasite that reproduces only in cats but sickens and kills many other animals have found infected wildlife throughout a 1,500-acre (600-hectare) natural area in central Illinois.

Published Date: May 12, 2011


'Because our patients can't talk to us, we have to figure out what's wrong with them based on physical examination and testing and histories given by their owners,' said Pamela Wilkins, a professor of equine internal medicine and emergency/critical care at the University of Illinois and author of a new paper on equine neonatal intensive care.

Treating newborn horses: A unique form of pediatrics

Author: Diana Yates, Life Sciences Editor

Published Date:April 6, 2011

Like any other newborn, the neonatal horse can be a challenging patient. Its immune system is still under construction, its blood chemistry can vary wildly, and like most infants it wants to stay close to mom.

Published Date: April 6, 2011


Robert 'Bob' O'Brien, professor and head of diagnostic imaging in the College of Veterinary Medicine, demonstrates his invention, the VetMouseTrap, with his cat Michael.

U. of I. veterinarians build better 'mouse trap' for enhanced diagnoses

Author: Sharita Forrest, News Editor

Published Date:March 30, 2011

Veterinary radiologists in the College of Veterinary Medicine at the University of Illinois recently obtained what are believed to be the first 3-D internal renderings of dogs larynxes by using a restraint device they created that allows clinicians to perform CT scans on awake small animals without chemical restraint.

Published Date: March 30, 2011


The only veterinarian in Illinois who is board-certified in avian medicine, Ken Welle joined the faculty of the U. of I. Veterinary Teaching Hospital in January.

Board-certified avian medicine veterinarian joins U. of I. staff

Author: Sharita Forrest, Education Editor

Published Date:February 7, 2011

Veterinarian Ken Welle joined the exotic animal department at the U. of I. Teaching Hospital last month after 22 years in private practice. The exotic animal service cares for a wide variety of species and comprises specialists with expertise in fish and reptiles, wildlife medicine and zoological medicine, in addition to Welle, who specializes in avian medicine and behavior.

Published Date: February 7, 2011


'Doodle for Wildlife' clinic benefit to auction artwork, vacations

Author: Sharita Forrest, News Editor

Published Date:January 26, 2011

Sketches by more than 40 celebrity artists including Alan Alda and University of Illinois alumnus William Wegman will be auctioned along with autographed photos, vacation packages and nature-themed artwork at the 10th Annual Doodle for Wildlife.

Published Date: January 26, 2011


After promising trials in mice, the researchers tested their compound, called S-PAC-1, on dogs. The drug arrested tumor growth in three of six dogs with lymphoma, and induced partial remission of tumors in a fourth, with minimal side effects. This dog, a Walker Tree Hound named Hoover, is a healthy research dog used to help determine the best dosing strategy for S-PAC-1. (Veterinary clinical medicine professor Tim Fan adopted Hoover at the completion of the study.)

New lymphoma treatment shows promise in dogs

Author: Diana Yates, Life Sciences Editor

Published Date:September 7, 2010

Researchers have identified a new target for the treatment of lymphoma and are testing a potential new drug in pet dogs afflicted with the disease. At low doses, the compound, called S-PAC-1, arrested the growth of tumors in three of six dogs tested and induced partial remission in a fourth.

Published Date: September 7, 2010


Mark Mitchell, a professor of veterinary clinical medicine, led the research team that found antibiotic-resistant bacteria in seven species of sharks and one redfish species captured in waters off Massachusetts, Florida, Louisiana and Belize.

Wild sharks, redfish harbor antibiotic-resistant bacteria

Author: Diana Yates, Life Sciences Editor

Published Date:June 16, 2010

Mark Mitchell, a professor of veterinary clinical medicine, and his colleagues found antibiotic-resistant bacteria in sharks and redfish captured in waters off Belize, Florida, Louisiana and Massachusetts.

Published Date: June 16, 2010


Male germ cells can be directly converted into other cell types

Author: Diana Yates, Life Sciences Editor

Published Date:July 28, 2009

University of Illinois veterinary biosciences professor Paul Cooke co-led the research that may prove to be an effective alternative to the medical use of embryonic stem cells.

Published Date: July 28, 2009


Wild chimpanzees can contract AIDS-like illness

Author: Diana Yates, Life Sciences Editor

Published Date:July 22, 2009

An international consortium has found that wild chimpanzees naturally infected with Simian Immunodeficiency Viruses (SIV) – long thought to be harmless to the apes – can contract an AIDS-like syndrome and die as a result.

Published Date: July 22, 2009


Gap junction protein vital to successful pregnancy, researchers find

Author: Diana Yates, Life Sciences Editor

Published Date:September 10, 2008

Researchers studying a critical stage of pregnancy – implantation of the embryo in the uterus – have found a protein that is vital to the growth of new blood vessels that sustain the embryo. Without this protein, which is produced in higher quantities in the presence of estrogen, the embryo is unlikely to survive.

Published Date: September 10, 2008


Parasites a key to the decline of red colobus monkeys in forest fragments

Author: Diana Yates, Life Sciences Editor

Published Date:October 24, 2007

Forest fragmentation threatens biodiversity, often causing declines or local extinctions in a majority of species while enhancing the prospects of a few. A new study from the University of Illinois shows that parasites can play a pivotal role in the decline of species in fragmented forests. This is the first study to look at how forest fragmentation increases the burden of infectious parasites on animals already stressed by disturbances to their habitat.

Published Date: October 24, 2007


Researchers find gene that spurs development of the epididymis

Author: Diana Yates, Life Sciences Editor

Published Date:June 27, 2007

Human sperm cells travel up to 6 meters in their transit from testes to penis, and most of that journey occurs in the epididymis, a tightly coiled tube that primes the cells for their ultimate task: fertilization. In a paper released this week in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, researchers at the University of Illinois report that they have discovered a gene - and related mechanism - essential to the embryonic development of the epididymis.

Published Date: June 27, 2007


Insights into osteosarcoma in cats and dogs may improve palliative care

Author: Diana Yates, Life Sciences Editor

Published Date:March 1, 2007

Researchers at the University of Illinois have found that a molecular pathway known to have a role in the progression of bone cancer in humans is also critical to the pathology of skeletal tumors in dogs and cats. Their work could lead to advances in the palliative care of companion animals afflicted with osteosarcoma.

Published Date: March 1, 2007


E. coli bacteria migrating between humans, chimps in Ugandan park

Author: Diana Yates, Life Sciences Editor

Published Date:February 22, 2007

Scientists from the University of Illinois at Champaign-Urbana have found that people employed in chimpanzee-focused research and tourism in a park in western Uganda are exchanging gastrointestinal bacteria - specifically Escherichia coli - with local chimpanzee populations. And some of the E. coli strains migrating to chimps are resistant to antibiotics used by humans in Uganda.

Published Date: February 22, 2007


Constant din of barking causes stress, behavior changes in dogs in shelters

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:July 25, 2006

If your neighbor's barking dog drives you crazy, pity the employees of the nation's animal shelters, where the noise produced by howling, barking and yapping dogs often exceeds that produced by a jackhammer.

Published Date: July 25, 2006


Monkey-dung study offers clues about land-use, wildlife ecology

Author: Jim Barlow, Life Sciences Editor

Published Date:April 6, 2006

Fecal matter of red colobus monkeys collected in western Uganda has yielded a wealth of knowledge about human land-use change and wildlife health and conservation. The main lesson, researchers say, is that the intensity of tree removal translates directly to parasite populations and the risk of infection of their hosts.

Published Date: April 6, 2006


Farm study raises doubts about new approach to swine-disease control

Author: Jim Barlow, Life Sciences Editor

Published Date:April 4, 2006

Sample sizes were small, but eyebrow-raising results from a study on a western Illinois farm have researchers and veterinarians taking a broader look at how swine producers battle an endemic viral disease that adds to their costs and threatens reproduction in their herds.

Published Date: April 4, 2006


Web page provides pet owners with information on dog flu

Author: Jim Barlow, Life Sciences Editor

Published Date:October 13, 2005

The University of Illinois College of Veterinary Medicine has established a Web page with information about canine influenza, which has spread to pet dogs in 10 states after first being diagnosed in January 2004 at a Florida greyhound track. No cases have been reported in Illinois.

Published Date: October 13, 2005


Technique provides new look on response of diseased canine heart

Author: Jim Barlow, Life Sciences Editor

Published Date:July 5, 2005

Using newly available biological technology, researchers have developed the first molecular portrait of multiple gene activity in diseased heart tissue taken from dogs near death from a devastating disease. The discovery sheds new light on the heart's response to dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM), a disease of large-breed dogs.

Published Date: July 5, 2005


Logging changed ecological balance for monkeys, damaged health

Author: Jim Barlow, Life Sciences Editor

Published Date:June 14, 2005

Twenty-eight years after intense selective logging stopped in the region now known as Uganda's Kibale National Park, the red-tailed guenon (Cercophithecus ascanius) is a primate still in decline.

Published Date: June 14, 2005


Weather forecasts may be predictors for prevalence of West Nile virus

Author: Eva Kingston, State Water Survey and Jim Barlow, Life Sciences Editor

Published Date:March 29, 2005

Weather forecasts could become barometers for predicting the potential threat of West Nile virus to humans and wildlife, according to scientists at two state agencies based at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.

Published Date: March 29, 2005


Toxin combination common in fish appears capable of impairing motor skills

Author: Jim Barlow, Life Sciences Editor

Published Date:March 1, 2004

Pups of female rats exposed to a combination of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and methylmercury (MeHg) slip and fall more often trying to maneuver on a rotating rod than do pups from non-exposed moms, scientists say.

Published Date: March 1, 2004


Out-of-balance ecosystems play role in demise of amphibian populations

Author: Jim Barlow, Life Sciences Editor

Published Date:February 10, 2004

During the last decade, Val Beasley of the University of Illinois College of Veterinary Medicine has led a team wanting to know why the world's amphibian populations have been dwindling or riddled with limb deformities.

Published Date: February 10, 2004


Illinois study seeking biomarkers of canine diabetes, other disease

Author: Jim Barlow, Life Sciences Editor

Published Date:October 7, 2003

While the genetic blueprint for Shadow the poodle was being completed in Maryland, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have been engaged in a long-term study that they hope will add functional gene information to the dog genome as well as benefit both canine and human health.

Published Date: October 7, 2003


Discovery of subcellular pouch could alter approach to disease treatment

Author: Jim Barlow, Life Sciences Editor

Published Date:June 17, 2003

Researchers looking inside a pathogenic soil bacterium have found an organelle, a subcellular pouch, existing independently from the plasma membrane. The discovery within a prokaryotic organism challenges the theory on the origin of eukaryotic organelles and suggests a targeted approach to killing many disease-causing organisms.

Published Date: June 17, 2003


New book focuses on all things known about domesticated cats

Author: Jim Barlow, Life Sciences Editor

Published Date:February 7, 2003

Listen inside 34 percent of all U.S. homes and you'll hear some 75 million domesticated cats purring, some quietly, some loudly. Outside those homes, however, just as many such cats (Felis catus) are hungry strays.

Published Date: February 7, 2003


Keep cats clear of swine facilities to protect pigs from parasite, researchers say

Author: Jim Barlow, Life Sciences Editor

Published Date:October 7, 2002

Findings from 10 years of field research and a complex computer simulation suggest that swine producers should keep cats out of swine housing facilities to avoid Toxoplasma gondii infection of pigs and, in turn, reduce a human health risk.

Published Date: October 7, 2002


UI lab confirms first cases of West Nile in canines, squirrels

Author: Jim Barlow, Life Sciences Editor

Published Date:September 17, 2002

The nation's first documented cases of domestic canine and squirrel deaths attributed to the West Nile virus have been confirmed at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Officials stress, however, that people have a low risk of contracting the infection from affected animals.

Published Date: September 17, 2002


Researchers launch three-year study of largemouth bass virus

Author: Jim Barlow, Life Sciences Editor

Published Date:March 28, 2002

Officials of the Illinois Department of Natural Resources went fishing last August to collect samples. They caught largemouth bass at four lakes and two fish hatcheries, but shared no smiles. The bass in all six locations, says a University of Illinois scientist, were infected with a virus they were seeking but didn't expect to find.

Published Date: March 28, 2002


Human cancer-detection test showing promise in pets, too

Author: Jim Barlow, Life Sciences Editor

Published Date:December 1, 2001

An early-detection technique developed to look for cancer-associated enzyme activity in humans is showing dramatic sensitivity to malignant tumors in cats and dogs.

Published Date: December 1, 2001


Newly found estrogen role in males might lead to male contraceptive

Author: Jim Barlow, Life Sciences Editor

Published Date:December 1, 2001

Researchers tapping into the estrogen pathway that regulates fertility in males have found two independent roles of the hormone, and they may have uncovered a new approach for developing a male contraceptive.

Published Date: December 1, 2001


New UI center to study effects of exposure to toxicants in fish

Author: Jim Barlow, Life Sciences Editor

Published Date:October 25, 2001

The University of Illinois College of Veterinary Medicine is home to a new federally funded center that will study the effects of exposure to toxicants in fish being eaten in large quantities by Laotian and Hmong refugees in Green Bay and Appleton, Wis.

Published Date: October 25, 2001


African wildlife databases benefit animal conservation efforts

Author: Jim Barlow, Life Sciences Editor

Published Date:October 1, 2001

The health and welfare of African lions, leopards and cheetahs are coming into focus - in Illinois. What is being learned, researchers say, will help with the management of the threatened big cats in Africa, as well as those in zoos throughout the world.

Published Date: October 1, 2001


Estrogen, soy boost recovery in hearts after surgery, studies show

Author: Jim Barlow, Life Sciences Editor

Published Date:August 1, 2001

Extensive damage to cells, reduced nitric oxide production and too much calcium buildup. These negative consequences followed open-heart surgery in mice and rats in the absence of estrogen. With estrogen or a soy-based equivalent, post-operative damage is much less.

Published Date: August 1, 2001


Chickens succumbing to virus formerly avoided by vaccination

Author: Jim Barlow, Life Sciences Editor

Published Date:May 1, 2001

A virus common to poultry is outfoxing a long-used vaccine, apparently through natural genetic engineering and by using strategies to survive environmental insults, says a University of Illinois researcher who has been tracking new outbreaks around the world. A new form of fowlpox, he said, now threatens poultry production and requires a new vaccine strategy.

Published Date: May 1, 2001


Ultrasonic microprobe may rapidly detect, identify cancer

Author: James E. Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor

Published Date:May 1, 2001

Surgical biopsies can be painful, and waiting for lab results unnerving. New ultrasonic sensor technology being developed at the University of Illinois may permit the rapid and accurate detection and diagnosis of cancer, without the need of a scalpel.

Published Date: May 1, 2001


Study to focus on diet, nutrition and weight loss in cats with cancer

Author: Jim Barlow, Life Sciences Editor

Published Date:April 1, 2001

A cat with cancer is losing weight. What's an owner - or even a veterinarian - to do?

Published Date: April 1, 2001


Estrogen a possible factor in obesity -- for both sexes, researchers say

Author: Jim Barlow, Life Sciences Editor

Published Date:December 1, 2000

Estrogen -- even in men -- may join food indulgence and lack of exercise as factors affecting obesity, researchers on two continents say.

Published Date: December 1, 2000


Book examines all aspects of nutrition for dogs and cats

Author: Jim Barlow, Life Sciences Editor

Published Date:September 1, 2000

A newly revised comprehensive book on cat and dog nutrition contains more than just a cosmetic makeover.

Published Date: September 1, 2000


Alleviating and managing pain in animals is focus of new guidebook

Author: Jim Barlow, Life Sciences Editor

Published Date:July 1, 2000

Dogs whine or whimper and may become timid or aggressive. Cats may purr or growl and hide. Responses vary, but certain behaviors tell when an animal is in pain. Managing and alleviating pain is the focus of a new guidebook written by small animal specialists at the University of Illinois College of Veterinary Medicine.

Published Date: July 1, 2000


Pouch's newfound role tied to potential new treatment for malaria

Author: Jim Barlow, Life Sciences Editor

Published Date:May 1, 2000

For a century, a tiny compartment called the volutin granule in yeast, fungi and bacteria was thought to be a storage granule with no active function. University of Illinois scientists, however, have found that the granule is really an organelle -- a live vacuole (a subcellular pouch) with a membrane and active enzymes -- and it may provide a new line of attack against malaria.

Published Date: May 1, 2000


Researchers identify suspect organism in feline infectious anemia

Author: Jim Barlow, Life Sciences Editor

Published Date:March 1, 2000

Veterinary scientists have proved that an organism long suspected as the cause of feline infectious anemia (FIA) indeed is the culprit. Along the way, they have created a diagnostic tool and concluded that the bacterial organism is a mycoplasm, not a Rickkettsia.

Published Date: March 1, 2000