blog postsLife SciencesStudy links mobile device addiction to depression and anxietyMar 2, 2016 9:30 am17526 views Is cellphone use detrimental to mental health? A new study from the University of Illinois finds that high engagement with mobile technology is linked to anxiety and depression in college-age students.Life SciencesResearchers track the secret lives of feral and free-roaming house catsMay 26, 2011 9:00 am8663 views CHAMPAIGN, lll. - Researchers (and some cat-owners) wanted to know: What do feral and free-roaming house cats do when they're out of sight? A two-year study offers a first look at the daily lives of these feline paupers and princes, whose territories overlap on the urban, suburban, rural and agricultural edges of many towns.Life SciencesAgriculturePhysical SciencesSeven Illinois researchers rank among the world’s most influentialDec 21, 2015 9:15 am8217 views Seven University of Illinois researchers have been named to the Thomson Reuters Highly Cited Researchers list for 2015. The list includes “some of the world’s most influential scientific minds,” according to a statement from Thomson Reuters.Life SciencesStudy adds to evidence that viruses are aliveSep 25, 2015 1:00 pm8188 views A new analysis supports the hypothesis that viruses are living entities that share a long evolutionary history with cells, researchers report. The study offers the first reliable method for tracing viral evolution back to a time when neither viruses nor cells existed in the forms recognized today, the researchers say. AgricultureLife SciencesPollinator habitat program spreads bad seeds with the goodDec 7, 2016 8:30 am7161 views Weed scientists in at least two Midwestern states have been reporting for years that a conservation program meant to provide habitat for pollinating insects is sowing bad seeds – including seeds of the potentially devastating agricultural weed Palmer amaranth – along with the good. Now, researchers at the University of Illinois have traced the weed seeds to at least one source: pollinator habitat seed sold by a company in the Midwest.HonorsAgricultureAnnouncementsEngineeringHealthLife SciencesPhysical SciencesEight Illinois researchers rank among world’s most influentialNov 18, 2016 9:15 am6152 views Eight University of Illinois researchers have been named to the Thomson Reuters / Clarivate Analytics Highly Cited Researchers list for 2016. The list identifies scientists “whose research has had significant global impact within their respective fields of study."HealthEngineeringLife SciencesPhysical SciencesTiny electronic implants monitor brain injury, then melt awayJan 18, 2016 10:00 am5440 views A new class of small, thin electronic sensors can monitor temperature and pressure within the skull – crucial health parameters after a brain injury or surgery – then melt away when they are no longer needed, eliminating the need for additional surgery to remove the monitors and reducing the risk of infection and hemorrhage.HealthLife SciencesDrinking more water associated with numerous dietary benefits, study findsFeb 29, 2016 2:15 pm5211 views In a new study of more than 18,300 U.S. adults, U. of I. researcher Ruopeng An found the majority of people who increased their consumption of plain water reduced their total daily calorie intake as well as their consumption of saturated fat, sugar, sodium and cholesterol.HealthLife SciencesStudy links nutrition to brain health and intelligence in older adultsDec 13, 2016 8:45 am4311 views A study of older adults offers insight into how a pigment found in leafy greens that tends to accumulate in brain tissue may contribute to the preservation of “crystallized intelligence,” the ability to use the skills and knowledge one has acquired over a lifetime.Life SciencesBrief diversions vastly improve focus, researchers findFeb 8, 2011 9:00 am3809 views CHAMPAIGN, lll. - A new study in the journal Cognition overturns a decades-old theory about the nature of attention and demonstrates that even brief diversions from a task can dramatically improve one's ability to focus on that task for prolonged periods.HealthLife SciencesVeterinary MedicineScientists test nanoparticle drug delivery in dogs with osteosarcomaJul 25, 2016 2:00 pm3528 views At the University of Illinois, an engineer teamed up with a veterinarian to test a bone cancer drug delivery system in animals bigger than the standard animal model, the mouse. They chose dogs – mammals closer in size and biology to humans – with naturally occurring bone cancers, which also are a lot like human bone tumors.Expert ViewpointsEngineeringLife SciencesPhysical SciencesIs Academia Waking Up to the Problem of Sexual Harassment?Sep 19, 2016 2:15 pm3227 views U. of I. anthropology professor Kathryn Clancy supports a federal legislative effort that would require universities to report – and federal funding agencies to consider – findings that any university professor engaged in discrimination on the basis of sex. HealthEngineeringLife SciencesPhysical SciencesSurgical probe seeks out where cancer ends and healthy tissue beginsSep 15, 2015 12:00 pm3034 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. – A new surgical tool that uses light to make sure surgeons removing cancerous tumors “got it all” was found to correlate well with traditional pathologists’ diagnoses in a clinical study, showing that the tool could soon enable reliable, real-time guidance for surgeons.HealthEngineeringLife SciencesPhysical SciencesTumor-targeting system uses cancer’s own mechanisms to betray its locationFeb 14, 2017 9:00 am2911 views By hijacking a cancer cell’s own metabolism, researchers have found a way to tag and target elusive cancers with small-molecule sugars. This opens treatment pathways for cancers that are not responsive to conventional targeted antibodies, such as triple-negative breast cancer.Life SciencesPhysical SciencesStudy offers clearest picture yet of how HIV defeats a cellular defenderMar 4, 2016 8:30 am2854 views A new study offers the first atomic-scale view of an interaction between the HIV capsid - the protein coat that shepherds HIV into the nucleus of human cells - and a host protein known as cyclophilin A. This interaction is key to HIV infection, researchers say.Life SciencesHealthA 20-minute bout of yoga stimulates brain function immediately afterJun 5, 2013 9:00 am2824 views CHAMPAIGN, lll. - Researchers report that a single, 20-minute session of Hatha yoga significantly improved participants' speed and accuracy on tests of working memory and inhibitory control, two measures of brain function associated with the ability to maintain focus and take in, retain and use new information. Participants performed significantly better immediately after the yoga practice than after moderate to vigorous aerobic exercise for the same amount of time.HealthBusinessLife SciencesVeterinary MedicineHuman trials of cancer drug PAC-1 continue with new investmentMay 24, 2016 1:45 pm2720 views Clinical trials of the anti-cancer agent PAC-1 are continuing to expand, thanks to a $7 million angel investment from an anonymous contributor who originally invested $4 million to help get the compound this far in the drug-approval pipeline.HealthLife SciencesStudy tallies extra calories Americans consume in their coffee, teaJan 30, 2017 9:15 am2718 views A new analysis reveals just how much Americans are adding to their caloric intake by spicing up or sweetening their coffee or tea.HealthLife SciencesVeterinary MedicineReport: A host of common chemicals endanger child brain developmentJul 1, 2016 9:15 am2715 views In a new report, dozens of scientists, health practitioners and children’s health advocates are calling for renewed attention to the growing evidence that many common and widely available chemicals endanger neurodevelopment in fetuses and children of all ages.CampusHumanitiesLife SciencesPhysical SciencesSocial SciencesSix Illinois professors named Guggenheim FellowsMay 2, 2016 12:15 pm2502 views Six professors at the University of Illinois have been named 2016 Guggenheim Fellows, bringing to 13 the number of U. of I. faculty members who have been honored with the fellowship over the last three years. This year’s fellows are Dennis Baron, Karin A. Dahmen, Craig Koslofsky, Mei-Po Kwan, Ralph W. Mathisen and Rebecca Stumpf.AgricultureLife SciencesScientists tweak photosynthesis to boost crop yieldNov 17, 2016 1:00 pm2478 views Researchers report that they can increase plant productivity by boosting levels of three proteins involved in photosynthesis. This confirms a hypothesis some in the scientific community once doubted was possible.Life SciencesAgricultureReport: Milkweed losses may not fully explain monarch butterfly declinesMar 13, 2017 4:15 pm2433 views Monarch butterfly declines cannot be attributed merely to declines in milkweed abundance, researchers report.Physical SciencesEngineeringHealthLife SciencesBacterial hole puncher could be new broad-spectrum antibioticOct 27, 2015 11:00 am2357 views Bacteria have many methods of adapting to resist antibiotics, but a new class of spiral polypeptides developed at the University of Illinois targets one thing no bacterium can live without: an outer membrane.Social SciencesHealthLife SciencesFeeling anxious? Check your orbitofrontal cortex and cultivate your optimism, study suggestsSep 22, 2015 10:00 am2326 views A new study links anxiety, a brain structure called the orbitofrontal cortex, and optimism, finding that healthy adults who have larger OFCs tend to be more optimistic and less anxious.Social SciencesLife SciencesCounseling, antidepressants change personality (for the better), team reportsJan 6, 2017 10:30 am2308 views A review of 207 studies involving more than 20,000 people found that those who engaged in therapeutic interventions were, on average, significantly less neurotic and a bit more extraverted after the interventions than they were beforehand.HealthLife SciencesStudy: Emotion processing in the brain changes with tinnitus severityDec 14, 2015 9:30 am2307 views A new study reveals that people with tinnitus who are less bothered by their symptoms use different brain regions when processing emotional information.EngineeringLife SciencesPhysical SciencesLight illuminates the way for bio-botsMar 14, 2016 2:00 pm2263 views A new class of miniature biological robots, or bio-bots, has seen the light – and is following where the light shines.HealthEngineeringLife SciencesPhysical SciencesVeterinary MedicineShape of tumor may affect whether cells can metastasizeApr 27, 2016 10:45 am2246 views Only a few cells in a cancerous tumor are able to break away and spread to other parts of the body, but the curve along the edge of the tumor may play a large role in activating these tumor-seeding cells, according to a new University of Illinois study.HealthLife SciencesGenome mining effort discovers 19 new natural products in four yearsSep 8, 2015 9:30 am2244 views It took a small group of researchers only four years – a blink of an eye in pharmaceutical terms – to scour a collection of 10,000 bacterial strains and isolate the genes responsible for making 19 unique, previously unknown phosphonate natural products, researchers report. Each of these products is a potential new drug. One of them has already been identified as an antibiotic.Life SciencesPhysical SciencesResearchers resolve structure of a key component of bacterial decision-makingDec 8, 2015 9:30 am2178 views For bacteria that swim, determining whether to stay the course or head in a new direction is vital to survival. A new study offers atomic-level details of the molecular machinery that allows swimming bacteria to sense their environment and change direction when neededExpert ViewpointsHealthLife Sciences100-year-old trans fat pioneer celebrates news of an FDA banJun 4, 2015 1:00 pm2177 views A Minute With™... Fred Kummerow, trans fat expertLife SciencesHealthVeterinary Medicine'Bad cholesterol' indicates an amino acid deficiency, researcher saysFeb 25, 2014 9:00 am2151 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - Low-density lipoprotein (LDL), the "bad cholesterol" that doctors consider a sign of potential heart disease, is merely a marker of a diet lacking all of the essential amino acids, says University of Illinois comparative biosciences professor Fred Kummerow, 99, a longtime opponent of the medical establishment's war on cholesterol.Life SciencesStudy: Researchers identify how mental abilities are shaped by individual differences in the brainFeb 25, 2016 9:15 am2079 views Everyone has a different mixture of personality traits: some are outgoing, some are tough and some are anxious. A new study suggests that brains also have different traits that affect both anatomical and cognitive factors, such as intelligence and memory.HealthEngineeringLife SciencesPhysical SciencesPortable device can quickly determine the extent of an eye injuryDec 8, 2015 8:45 am1999 views An engineer and an ophthalmologist are working together to develop a portable sensor that can quickly and inexpensively determine whether an eye injury is mild or severe. The device, called OcuCheck, works by measuring levels of vitamin C in the fluids that coat or leak from the eye. The sensor could speed efforts to determine the extent of eye injuries at accident sites, in rural areas lacking ophthalmology specialists or on the battlefield, the researchers said.Life SciencesFresh look at burials, mass graves, tells a new story of CahokiaAug 4, 2016 10:30 am1961 views A new study challenges earlier interpretations of an important burial mound at Cahokia, a pre-Columbian city in Illinois near present-day St. Louis. The study reveals that a central feature of the mound, a plot known as the “beaded burial,” is not a monument to male power, as was previously thought, but includes both males and females of high status.Physical SciencesLife SciencesCOMPASS method points researchers to protein structuresOct 9, 2015 12:30 pm1914 views Searching for the precise, complexly folded three-dimensional structure of a protein can be like hacking through a jungle without a map: a long, intensive process with uncertain direction. University of Illinois researchers developed a new approach, dubbed COMPASS, that points directly to a protein’s likely structure using a combination of advanced molecular spectroscopy techniques, predictive protein-folding algorithms and image recognition software.Veterinary MedicineLife SciencesLeatherback sea turtles choose nest sites carefully, study findsNov 24, 2015 8:15 am1902 views The enormous, solitary leatherback sea turtle spends most of its long life at sea. After hatching and dispersing across the world’s oceans, only the female leatherbacks return to their natal beaches to lay clutches of eggs in the sand. A new study offers fresh insights into their nesting choices and will help efforts to prevent the extinction of this globally endangered giant of the sea, researchers said.AgricultureLife SciencesU. of I. alumna Temple Grandin elected to the American Academy of Arts and SciencesApr 21, 2016 9:30 am1898 views Temple Grandin, a University of Illinois alumna and a professor of animal sciences at Colorado State University, has been elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.Life SciencesTeam discovers a new invasive clam in the U.S.May 1, 2017 8:45 am1866 views A new invasive clam has made its official debut in North America.HealthLife SciencesScientists identify genes that disrupt response to breast cancer treatmentSep 7, 2016 9:45 am1810 views Scientists at the University of Illinois may have unlocked the genetic code that determines why many patients with estrogen receptor-positive breast cancer fail to respond to the widely used drug tamoxifen.Physical SciencesLife SciencesFive Illinois faculty members named Sloan Research FellowsFeb 23, 2016 9:15 am1793 views Five University of Illinois faculty members received the 2016 Sloan Research Fellowship from the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation.Life SciencesGreater prairie chickens cannot persist in Illinois without help, researchers reportFeb 27, 2017 6:00 am1758 views An iconic bird whose booming mating calls once reverberated across “the Prairie State” can survive in Illinois, but only with the help of periodic human interventions, researchers report.Life SciencesPhysical SciencesStudy shows new forests cannot take in as much carbon as predictedSep 24, 2015 9:45 am1751 views As carbon emissions continue to rise, scientists project forests will grow faster and larger, due to an increase in atmospheric carbon dioxide, which fuels photosynthesis. But a new study by researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and the University of Bristol in the United Kingdom finds that these projections are overestimated.Life SciencesSocial SciencesDistracted much? New research may help explain whyOct 5, 2016 8:15 am1745 views A new study offers evidence that one’s motivation is just as important for sustained attention to a task as is the ease with which the task is done.HealthLife SciencesMaternal protein deficiency during pregnancy ‘memorized’ by fetal muscle cellsSep 18, 2015 8:45 am1717 views A new study has uncovered the genetic processes that link insufficient protein consumption during pregnancy with the development of muscle problems in mothers and their male offspring.HealthLife SciencesStudy: Childhood concussions impair brain functionDec 18, 2015 9:30 am1653 views A new study finds that pre-adolescent children who have sustained sports-related concussions have impaired brain function two years following injury.Life SciencesPhysical SciencesPlastic shopping bags make a fine diesel fuel, researchers reportFeb 12, 2014 9:00 am1643 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - Plastic shopping bags, an abundant source of litter on land and at sea, can be converted into diesel, natural gas and other useful petroleum products, researchers report.AgricultureLife SciencesPineapple genome offers insight into photosynthesis in drought-tolerant plantsNov 2, 2015 10:00 am1620 views By sequencing its genome, scientists are homing in on the genes and genetic pathways that allow the juicy pineapple plant to thrive in water-limited environments. The new findings, reported in the journal Nature Genetics, also open a new window on the complicated evolutionary history of grasses like sorghum and rice, which share a distant ancestor with pineapple.Life SciencesAgricultureStudy suggests commercial bumble bee industry amplified a fungal pathogen of beesApr 4, 2016 2:00 pm1613 views Scientists hoping to explain widespread declines in wild bumble bee populations have conducted the first long-term genetic study of Nosema bombi, a key fungal pathogen of honey bees and bumble bees. Their study found that Nosema infections in large-scale commercial bumble bee pollination operations coincided with infections and declines in wild bumble bees.Life SciencesAncient bones, teeth, tell story of strife at CahokiaAug 4, 2016 10:45 am1589 views Dozens of people buried in mass graves in an ancient mound in Cahokia, a pre-Columbian city in Illinois near present-day St. Louis, likely lived in or near Cahokia most of their lives, researchers report in the American Journal of Physical Anthropology.