blog postsSocial SciencesHumanitiesPolice Training Institute challenges police recruits' racial biasesAug 1, 2016 9:15 am3349 views In early 2014, months before the police shooting of Michael Brown in Ferguson, Missouri, and shortly after the Black Lives Matter movement got its start, Michael Schlosser, the director of the Police Training Institute at the University of Illinois, began offering police recruits classes that challenged their views about race and racism, introduced them to critical race theory and instructed them in methods to de-escalate potentially volatile encounters with members of minority groups.CampusHumanitiesLife SciencesPhysical SciencesSocial SciencesSix Illinois professors named Guggenheim FellowsMay 2, 2016 12:15 pm2475 views Six professors at the University of Illinois have been named 2016 Guggenheim Fellows, bringing to 13 the number of U. of I. faculty members who have been honored with the fellowship over the last three years. This year’s fellows are Dennis Baron, Karin A. Dahmen, Craig Koslofsky, Mei-Po Kwan, Ralph W. Mathisen and Rebecca Stumpf.Social SciencesHealthLife SciencesFeeling anxious? Check your orbitofrontal cortex and cultivate your optimism, study suggestsSep 22, 2015 10:00 am2266 views A new study links anxiety, a brain structure called the orbitofrontal cortex, and optimism, finding that healthy adults who have larger OFCs tend to be more optimistic and less anxious.Social SciencesLife SciencesCounseling, antidepressants change personality (for the better), team reportsJan 6, 2017 10:30 am2169 views A review of 207 studies involving more than 20,000 people found that those who engaged in therapeutic interventions were, on average, significantly less neurotic and a bit more extraverted after the interventions than they were beforehand.Life SciencesSocial SciencesDistracted much? New research may help explain whyOct 5, 2016 8:15 am1730 views A new study offers evidence that one’s motivation is just as important for sustained attention to a task as is the ease with which the task is done.AnnouncementsHonorsHumanitiesSocial SciencesTwo Illinois professors awarded NEH FellowshipsDec 15, 2016 3:00 pm1665 views Illinois professors Erik McDuffie and Carol Symes have been awarded National Endowment for the Humanities Fellowships for 2017.EducationSocial SciencesChildren from chaotic homes benefit from time in child care, study findsNov 19, 2015 9:30 am1616 views Children in poverty from chaotic homes have better cognitive, social and behavioral outcomes if they spent 35 or more hours weekly in child care.HealthSocial SciencesPreschoolers form body images – but parents are unaware, study saysOct 5, 2016 8:45 am1600 views Preschoolers may express awareness about body-image issues – but their parents may miss opportunities to promote positive body-image formation in their children because parents believe them to be too young to have these concerns, new research suggests.Expert ViewpointsBusinessSocial SciencesWhy not have one national primary election for presidential nominees?Feb 16, 2016 10:45 am1515 views A Minute With...™ Mattias Polborn, professor of economics and political scienceEducationSocial SciencesWounds from childhood bullying may persist into college years, study findsSep 1, 2016 10:45 am1189 views Childhood bullying inflicts the same long-term psychological trauma on girls as severe physical or sexual abuse, suggests a new survey of nearly 500 college students.Expert ViewpointsSocial Sciences'Race': A historian looks at Jesse Owens' impact on Germany and the U.S.Feb 17, 2016 8:15 am1164 views A Minute With...™ Peter Fritzsche, expert on Nazi GermanySocial SciencesOptimistic people have healthier hearts, study findsJan 8, 2015 9:00 am1149 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - People who have upbeat outlooks on life have significantly better cardiovascular health, suggests a new study that examined associations between optimism and heart health in more than 5,100 adults.Expert ViewpointsSocial SciencesDoes one-party rule mean all Trump promises become reality?Nov 16, 2016 12:00 pm1142 views Donald Trump may not get everything he wants from Congress, despite its Republican majorities, says Illinois political science professor Tracy Sulkin.CampusHumanitiesSocial SciencesLatino baseball documentary ‘Playing America’s Game’ to premiere May 21 on BTNMay 11, 2016 11:45 am1136 views The history of Latinos in baseball is the subject of a new documentary, “Playing America’s Game,” which premieres Saturday, May 21, on the Big Ten Network. A production of BTN and the University of Illinois, the film profiles U. of I. history professor Adrian Burgos Jr., a leading expert on Latino baseball history.Social SciencesU. of I. professor on White House team working to improve access to federal programsNov 9, 2015 12:30 pm1125 views Jake Bowers, a University of Illinois political science professor, has been appointed to a White House team that’s applying insights from social and behavioral science to improve access to federal programs. Bowers began his stint with President Obama’s year-old Social and Behavioral Sciences Team (SBST) last month.Life SciencesSocial SciencesStudy: How we explain things influences what we think is rightJul 5, 2016 9:00 am1105 views New research focuses on a fundamental human habit: When trying to explain something (why people give roses for Valentine’s Day, for example), we often focus on the traits of the thing itself (roses are pretty) and not its context (advertisers promote roses). In a new study, researchers found that people who tend to focus on “inherent traits” and ignore context also are more likely to assume that the patterns they see around them are good.EducationBusinessHealthSocial SciencesBeyond the big ads: teaching kids ad literacy and nutrition in grade school classroomsFeb 4, 2016 1:45 pm1097 views The Super Bowl will feature car ads, beer ads, food ads – but probably none for carrots. Most food ads, game time or anytime, are pitching less-healthy fare. Kids are often the target. Do they understand what an ad is? Who made it and why? Advertising professor Michelle Nelson worked with an Illinois school district to develop an advertising literacy curriculum that also promotes healthy eating. Expert ViewpointsHumanitiesSocial SciencesHow has Twitter changed news coverage?Oct 22, 2015 11:30 am1097 views A Minute With...™ Alecia Swasy, professor of business journalismSocial SciencesHealthLife SciencesStudy: Strength of brain connectivity varies with fitness level in older adultsNov 5, 2015 9:45 am1080 views A new study shows that age-related differences in brain health – specifically the strength of connections between different regions of the brain – vary with fitness level in older adults.Social SciencesHumanitiesBritish Empire was a world of trouble, says historian in a new bookSep 28, 2015 11:15 am1078 views The British Empire was not the model of peace and stability, the “Pax Britannica,” as it’s often portrayed. Dissent and disruption were the rule, not the exception, according to Antoinette Burton, in her new book "The Trouble With Empire."HealthSocial SciencesTailored sexual health messages urgently needed for young female tourists, expert saysMar 21, 2017 8:45 am1066 views With both tourism and casual “hookup” sex on the rise among college-age adults, there’s an urgent need for sexual health campaigns aimed at young female tourists who are sexual risk-takers, University of Illinois scholar Liza Berdychevsky suggests.HumanitiesSocial SciencesHistorian’s new book tells neglected history of black gay menMar 15, 2016 9:45 am1052 views Black gay men were largely missing in both black and gay history, so Kevin Mumford, who specializes in both, set out to tell their story. “I wanted to reclaim a history that had been washed over, that had been overlooked,” said Mumford, a University of Illinois history professor. He wanted to show how “black gay lives matter.”Social SciencesHumanitiesIllinois Indians made a bid for power in early America, based on bison and slaveryDec 22, 2015 10:00 am1024 views Most historical accounts describe the Illinois Indians of the late 1600s as a weak and beleaguered people, taking refuge in a settlement 80 miles southwest of present-day Chicago. The reality, however, is quite different, argues University of Illinois history professor Robert Morrissey, in the December issue of the Journal of American History. The Illinois, he says, were making “perhaps the most remarkable bid for power in 17th century native North America.”HealthLife SciencesSocial SciencesHealth care, research failing to adapt to US’ growing multiracial populationOct 12, 2015 10:00 am990 views University of Illinois social work professor Karen Tabb Dina found that multiracial youth who switch racial identities over time report being healthier as young adults than their minority peers who maintain consistent racial identities.Social SciencesStudy: Sequential voting in presidential primaries best system to winnow candidatesAug 4, 2015 9:00 am988 views As the race for the 2016 Democratic and Republican presidential nominations enters the early stages, voters have a large pool of candidates to consider, including 17 declared candidates on the Republican side alone.Expert ViewpointsSocial SciencesHow could so many be so wrong predicting the presidential election?Nov 11, 2016 1:00 pm976 views Illinois political scientist Brian Gaines, an expert on polling and public opinion, spoke about what might have happened and the challenges of getting it right.Expert ViewpointsSocial SciencesWhat’s most important for the future of our national parks?Jun 8, 2016 8:30 am958 views National Park Service at 100: A Minute With™ parks and politics expert Robert PahreExpert ViewpointsSocial Sciences60 years ago this month, Emmett Till's death sparked a movementAug 17, 2015 10:30 am950 views A Minute With...™ Christopher Benson, author and professor of journalismExpert ViewpointsSocial SciencesWhat makes political distrust such a problem?Oct 3, 2016 9:15 am949 views The polarization and dysfunction in Congress has spread in recent years to the voting public, says professor Thomas Rudolph, but it’s more about simply disliking political opponents than differences over ideology.Expert ViewpointsSocial SciencesWhy has Putin's Napoleonic 'cold charisma' made him so popular in Russia?Oct 9, 2015 11:30 am927 views A Minute With...™ Richard Tempest, professor of Slavic languages and literaturesSocial SciencesYear-round distribution of Earned Income Tax Credit has significant benefits, says studyJan 7, 2016 9:45 am903 views The Earned Income Tax Credit aids millions of Americans each year, lifting many out of poverty – but spacing it out in multiple payments could significantly reduce recipients’ dependence on payday loans and borrowing from friends and family, along with other benefits, suggests a recent University of Illinois study of a pilot program in Chicago.Social SciencesGroup homes appear to double delinquency risk for foster kids, study saysFeb 28, 2008 9:00 am880 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - Group homes are generally the placement of last resort for children in foster care, and also one of the most expensive options for state child-welfare agencies.Expert ViewpointsSocial SciencesFive years after the Arab Spring: Despair, but also hopeJan 21, 2016 11:15 am872 views A Minute With...™ Asef Bayat, sociologist and Middle East expertHumanitiesCampusSocial SciencesBrazilian studies gets broad attention at IllinoisJul 29, 2016 3:45 pm854 views Think Brazil and you might think beaches, rain forest, the 2016 Olympics – all far removed from central Illinois. Yet the University of Illinois is perhaps the most comprehensive center of Brazilian studies in the U.S.Expert ViewpointsSocial SciencesWhat does refugee vetting look like on the ground?Mar 21, 2017 9:45 am850 views A doctoral student found that the vetting process for refugees seeking U.S. admission was long and intense.Expert ViewpointsPhysical SciencesSocial SciencesHow to improve your chances for a perfect March Madness bracketMar 9, 2016 12:00 pm849 views A Minute With...™ bracketology expert Sheldon JacobsonExpert ViewpointsSocial Sciences'Star Wars' and the coming of age of special effectsDec 1, 2015 10:15 am845 views A Minute With...™ Julie Turnock, a professor of media and cinema studiesExpert ViewpointsSocial SciencesIs it possible to be news literate in a ‘fake news’ world?Feb 8, 2017 9:00 am828 views Journalism professor Stephanie Craft: To be news literate, know how to judge a story’s credibility, and also be intentional in how you consume news and understand the forces that shape it.Social SciencesQuestion of race not simple for Mexican Americans, author saysMar 5, 2014 9:00 am820 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - About half of Latinos check "white" in response to the question about race on the U.S. Census. About half check "other race."Life SciencesSocial SciencesRat study reveals long-term effects of adolescent amphetamine abuse on the brainMar 30, 2016 9:15 am819 views A study of rats given regular, high doses of amphetamine finds that those exposed to the drug at an age corresponding to human adolescence experience long-term changes in brain function that persist into adulthood.HealthLife SciencesSocial SciencesGraphic images may not scare smokers off cigarettes, says studyFeb 22, 2016 10:00 am816 views Images of disease and suffering should move smokers to kick the habit – at least, that’s the thinking behind graphic warning labels used on cigarette packages in much of the world, and maybe someday in the U.S. According to a University of Illinois study, however, those graphic images may not be effective with many people who perceive them as a threat to their freedom, choice or autonomy.Expert ViewpointsSocial SciencesDo we really know what's driving income inequality?Jun 6, 2016 8:30 am800 views Rethinking inequality and its causes: A Minute With™ sociologist Kevin LeichtExpert ViewpointsEngineeringSocial SciencesWhat are the challenges of providing services for children with mental illnesses?Aug 12, 2016 9:00 am744 views Wynne Korr, dean of the School of Social Work at the University of Illinois, discusses the challenges of diagnosing and providing treatment for this vulnerable population in light of the state's financial problemsSocial SciencesEducationStudy links student loans with lower net worth, housing values after collegeMay 18, 2016 9:45 am730 views People who had outstanding balances on their student loans when they graduated or dropped out of college had lower net worth, fewer financial and nonfinancial assets, and homes with lower market values when they reached age 30, according to a paper by University of Illinois social work professor Min Zhan.Social SciencesEducationHumanitiesWebsite promotes global democracy education with insights from prominent peace activistsJan 25, 2016 11:15 am722 views The Egyptian protesters of the Arab Spring had numbers, excitement and social media, but they could not make democracy happen. Linda Herrera thinks one reason is that they did not know how. She’s hoping to help change that with a new educational website in five languages, featuring two prominent peace activists: Mohamed ElBaradei and Rajmohan Gandhi.Expert ViewpointsSocial SciencesCan you really be both overweight and malnourished?Mar 21, 2015 2:45 pm717 views A Minute With...™ Leia Kedem, Illinois Extension's 'Moderation Maven'Expert ViewpointsSocial SciencesHow will the state's funding suspension affect the Autism Program of Illinois?Apr 10, 2015 3:30 pm700 views Linda Tortorelli, resource coordinator for the Autism Program (TAP) of Illinois on the Urbana campusLife SciencesSocial SciencesReview finds little evidence that brain-training games yield real-world benefitsOct 3, 2016 12:15 am680 views A systematic review of the scientific studies cited by brain-training companies as evidence that their products improve cognition in daily life finds no convincing evidence to support those claims. While people tend to improve on the specific tasks they practice, the researchers report, the conclusion that computerized brain-training programs yield broader cognitive benefits or improve real-world outcomes for their users is premature at best.EducationSocial SciencesPersonal history with street gangs sparks U. of I. graduate student’s researchJan 21, 2016 10:30 am658 views Gabriel "Joey" Merrin, a doctoral student in child development at Illinois, is the author of a recent study that explored the risk and protective factors associated with young people who resist gang recruitment. Raised in low-income areas of inner-city Chicago notorious for gang violence, Merrin has personal experience with the environmental factors that push and pull youths into gang affiliation.HealthSocial SciencesRegardless of age, health conditions, many seniors not retired from sexJul 26, 2016 9:15 am656 views Despite societal perceptions that older adults’ love lives are ancient history, many seniors are anything but retired from sex, a new study suggests.